• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Technoligical advancements during WWI

Extracts from this document...


Technology developments during World War I Technology during World War I reflected the fast growing industrialization in Europe and the great use of mass production, plus the innovations of new technology made at that time. The earlier years of the First World War can be characterized as a clash of 20th century technology with 19th century tactics.1 The new weapons caused devastating casualty rates on both Alliances and drew a new era in military warfare. Tanks, submarines, air warfare, chemical gas etc. were defined as a new revolution but some of them were not as effective as others. Adjustments were made to improve the efficiency of the weapons but it was not until the final years of war that the military commanders adopted their strategies to the modern battlefield. Of all the types of weapons, artillery underwent the most scientific developments. At the start o fthe war, this weapon was only used at the front line to stop the enemy advancemenct on the No-man's land. The first artilleries were fired in 1915 at the battle of Neuve Chapelle by the British (Appendix 1). Because these weapons mostly use indirect fire, they have to be supported by machine guns and infantry in order to be effective. ...read more.


Another revolutionizing weapon used was the poison gas. From tear gas to leathal mustard gas, the chemical industries underwent a suprising develoment. At the beginning of the war, Germany had the most advanced chemical industry in the world.5 On 3 January, 1915, 18,000 artilleries containing tear gas were fired on Russians at the Eastern Front with no success. Due to the low air temperatures, the gas froze instead of vaporizing, completely failing the mission. Another attempt was taken under the command of General von Falkenhayn, launching the first chlorine gas attack in WWI at the battle of Ypres, 1915 against the British. Although it inflicted some casualties, it was not as successful as expected. The unexpected change of wind direction forced the Germans to retreat, unable to take advantage of a surprise attack created with this new weapon. Later on, mustard gas was developed but only served the purpose of disabling the soldiers physically and mentally. With the invention of gas masks by the British (Appendix 3), the effects of poison gas was reduced to its minimum and it only contributed to the suffering of the soldiers fought in this horrible war. ...read more.


This reduced the losses to a fairly small amount. But the Germans did not loose their confidence towards the U- Boats. An unrestricted Submarine warfare was introduced which allowed them to sink passenger ships as well. Eventually the Germans went too far with this strategy. In 1915 the Germans sinked the passenger ship Lusitania, killing 1200 people. Germany claimed that the ship transported vast amount of weapons but there is no proove for it (Appendix 5). This action provoked the Americans to join the Triple Entente against the Germans. The submarines were very effective in terms of the technological advancement, but the Germans failed to use this weapon to win WWI. Instead she created an even stronger enemy and destroyed her public image. 1 http://www.solarnavigator.net/world_war_one.htm (22.10.2007) 2 Vigman, Fred K.; Military Affairs, Vol.16, No. 3, pp 115-118, (Autumn, 1952) 3 Machine guns used during WWI. It was invented by the U.S. Army Colonel Isaac Newton Lewis in 1911. 4 http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/greatwar/g3/cs1/background.htm (25.10.2007) 5 http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5390710 (25.10.2007) 6 The act of exploring (especially military) to gain information. Sometimes referred as scouting. 7 http://www.wapedia.mobi/en/Aviation_in_World_War_I.htm (27.10.2007) 8 "World War One in Color" Fremantle Media, 2003 (19.10.2007) Tay-Jeng Chu 11F 06.11.07 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Italy before WWI - poverty and migration.

    He put Italy under church oath, refused any kind of diplomatic contact and communication and declared himself as "prisoner of Vatican". He found much support from catholic countries of the world, mostly from French monarchs. Italy was mainly ruled by the right winged, though the left winged weren't much different.

  2. History Internal Assesment

    History Review 48 (2004): 1. Web Pages : 1. "Ethiopia." Answers. 01 January 2003. CIA World Fact Book, 2004/Ethiopia. 23 Mar 2008 <http://www.answers.com/topic/cia-world-fact-book-2004-ethiopia>. 2. "League of Nations." Wikipedia. 22 Mar 2008. Wikipedia. 23 Mar 2008 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/League_of_Nations>. 3. United Nations, "Geneva Convention." United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. 2002. United Nations. 12 Mar 2008 <http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/91.htm>.

  1. Britain in WWI

    There were many reforms that Britain also initiated to improve imperial responsibilities. Britain also made numerous of new international agreements that lessened their responsibility in global consequences. An alliance was created with Japan which decreased their fear of Russia in the Far East.

  2. How effective and influential was guerilla warfare in aiding communist victories in the 20th ...

    After the defeat of the French at Dienbienphu in 1945, the Vietminh under Ho Chi Minh proclaimed independence for Vietnam. But after the Geneva agreement of 1954, Vietnam was to be administered by a foreign power, which Ho Chi Minh greatly detested.

  1. To what extent were the British culpable for the sinking of the Lusitania on ...

    The United States government immediately warned Germany that it would be held accountable for any American lives lost due to submarine warfare. Nevertheless, the Germans assumed that the United States would not be able to mobilize quickly enough to make a difference in the war.

  2. History Before WWI

    to deal with any trouble - Tsarist Russia was an oppressive and intolerant regime The structure of the tsarist state The Russian Orthodox Church - Independent of the Pope and Rome - Developed its own traditions and customs - Gregory Rasputin - Closely aligned with the tsarist system; supported the

  1. Revision Notes on the entry of the USA into WWI.

    The War Hits Home -By 1917, America had mobilized for war against the Central Powers for two reasons: 1. To ensure Allied repayment of debts to the US. 2. To prevent the Germans from threatening US shipping. The British Blockade- GB blockaded the German coast.

  2. The Life of an Influential Christian - C.S. Lewis

    He studied Norse mythology in the pursuit of joy, an aspect he was desperately missing in his life. His time spent at Malvern was miserable, mostly due to people who made up rumors about him being homosexual. During this time he lost his Christian faith, and had major disagreements with his brother.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work