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"The achievements of the Nationalist government of China between 1928 and 1937 have been greatly under-estimated." To what extent do you agree with this statement?

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"The achievements of the Nationalist government of China between 1928 and 1937 have been greatly under-estimated." To what extent do you agree with this statement? Chang Kai-shek (October 31, 1887 - April 5, 1975) served as the "Generalissimo" of the nationalist government of the Republic of China. After Yuan Shi-Kai's failed at ruling China, the country fell into a warlord era's from 1916-1928. During this time period the nationalist party grew more powerful and by 1928, was in power. For roughly the next 10 years of his reign, many historians including Stacey Foster undermined his achievements. His achievements were minimal and often made no significant affect. I do not agree with this statement. As a military man, Chiang Kai-shek underestimated the importance of social and economic reform. He started his economic reform by changing the confusing currency to a much simpler form. His government introduced four national banks to control the countries financial conditions. ...read more.


A ferry system was established in Nanking. A modern road system was developed, while the postal and telegraph systems were improved and were brought to a larger scale. However, these improvements made it easier for the Japanese to advance through china (Second Sino-Japanese War). The government was fighting 3 different wars during the same time period. He was fighting the existing warlords, which most of all, he whipped during the Northern expedition (1926 - 1928). His campaign against the warlords was not fully successful because there were a few warlords such as Zhang Xue Liang, Feng Yuxiang and Yan Xishan still remained regional warlords and retained considerable local authority. This was a problem because they did not like Chang methods to ruling a country. This was a military failure because of the inefficacy of the army during the northern expedition caused the Xian Incident. Where a Warlord, Zhang Xue Liang, arrested him. ...read more.


This meant that china could speak as a unified country in international meetings. By 1933, it would export and import goods from other countries with a tariff of 7.5%. It was allies with the U.S.A to defeat the communist. This was all good for the government but it was not fully unified until the late 1936, 9 years into Chiang's reign. To conclude, Chiang lost 10 years of china's time to modernize the country. The achievements of the KMT during those years were very insignificant and didn't help much in modernizing the country. Many government officials in the Nationalist government were corrupt. The reforms were only intact in some parts of the urban areas. The countryside was often forgotten. The military was backward due to the 3 continues war's they were fighting. He's intention was to maintain the KMT's ruling positions by means of military power, not social revolution. Chaiang was just another one of the warlords in the eyes of the peasants. Word Count - 979 Gaurav Mishra 16/Feb/09 ...read more.

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