• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"The achievements of the Nationalist government of China between 1928 and 1937 have been greatly under-estimated." To what extent do you agree with this statement?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"The achievements of the Nationalist government of China between 1928 and 1937 have been greatly under-estimated." To what extent do you agree with this statement? Chang Kai-shek (October 31, 1887 - April 5, 1975) served as the "Generalissimo" of the nationalist government of the Republic of China. After Yuan Shi-Kai's failed at ruling China, the country fell into a warlord era's from 1916-1928. During this time period the nationalist party grew more powerful and by 1928, was in power. For roughly the next 10 years of his reign, many historians including Stacey Foster undermined his achievements. His achievements were minimal and often made no significant affect. I do not agree with this statement. As a military man, Chiang Kai-shek underestimated the importance of social and economic reform. He started his economic reform by changing the confusing currency to a much simpler form. His government introduced four national banks to control the countries financial conditions. ...read more.

Middle

A ferry system was established in Nanking. A modern road system was developed, while the postal and telegraph systems were improved and were brought to a larger scale. However, these improvements made it easier for the Japanese to advance through china (Second Sino-Japanese War). The government was fighting 3 different wars during the same time period. He was fighting the existing warlords, which most of all, he whipped during the Northern expedition (1926 - 1928). His campaign against the warlords was not fully successful because there were a few warlords such as Zhang Xue Liang, Feng Yuxiang and Yan Xishan still remained regional warlords and retained considerable local authority. This was a problem because they did not like Chang methods to ruling a country. This was a military failure because of the inefficacy of the army during the northern expedition caused the Xian Incident. Where a Warlord, Zhang Xue Liang, arrested him. ...read more.

Conclusion

This meant that china could speak as a unified country in international meetings. By 1933, it would export and import goods from other countries with a tariff of 7.5%. It was allies with the U.S.A to defeat the communist. This was all good for the government but it was not fully unified until the late 1936, 9 years into Chiang's reign. To conclude, Chiang lost 10 years of china's time to modernize the country. The achievements of the KMT during those years were very insignificant and didn't help much in modernizing the country. Many government officials in the Nationalist government were corrupt. The reforms were only intact in some parts of the urban areas. The countryside was often forgotten. The military was backward due to the 3 continues war's they were fighting. He's intention was to maintain the KMT's ruling positions by means of military power, not social revolution. Chaiang was just another one of the warlords in the eyes of the peasants. Word Count - 979 Gaurav Mishra 16/Feb/09 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. George Washington's Greatest Achievements

    One great accomplishment of Washington's was to keep the United States neutral during the French Revolution, as well as the war between England and France. It was a difficult call to make because of the great role France played in the American Revolution.

  2. Mao Zedong and the Education(TM)s changes in the People's Republic of China

    Mao did prefer that young people end school or college early and after be promoted travel inside China to take part in the Cultural Revolution through the Red Guard. Nonetheless another reason was that students were involved in the agriculture or industry development25instead of the academic researches or studies.

  1. Interwar Years: 1919-39

    the terms included: * The reduction of German reparations from 132 billion gold marks to 121 billion gold marks of which Germany would pay an annual sum until 1988. * Germany was initially to pay 1.7 billion marks each year, increasing gradually to 2.4 billion marks by 1966.

  2. The Life and Achievements of King Canute

    12 The potential for renewed hostilities was removed when Edmund died on November 30, 1016 and Cnut was accepted by the English as their king. Cnut was still young when he became king of England, but he had either been well trained in statesmanship, or more likely, he listened to the advice of his more experienced counsellors.

  1. Mao and China Revision Guide

    He convinced the Central Committee to cancel the abandon the second five year plan, completely abandoning the USSR methods, and follow a new plan, the Great Leap Forward, which set ambitious plans.

  2. What were the Aims and Achievements of Stalins Foreign Policy between 1928 and 1941?

    to Lee and turned to the other European pariah, Germany, with the aim of reviving international relations. The period 1929-1934 saw a rotation in Stalinist foreign policy; this was due to Soviet aims of reviving trade relations and securing some much needed foreign capital.

  1. Notes on the history of Communist China

    the emergence of the CCP in 1921 and the re-org of the KMT between 1923-1926 into a highly organized and disciplined political and military force introduced radical new elements into the Chinese scene 2. Both parties set themselves the task of overcoming the twin evils of warlordism and imperialism, and

  2. "The Worst Human Right Abuses occur in LEDCs". To what extent do you agree ...

    For millenniums, human beings have sought resolutions to conflicts through battles and wars. They have resorted to violence and homicide, amongst other acts of cruelty, to settle such wars, resulting on the death of countless human beings. The severity of murders is greatly increased when done at a large scale; these are called mass murders.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work