• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Appomattox

Extracts from this document...


In the article "America's Birth At Appomattox", Wortham discusses how the reconciliation between the Union and Confederate officers and soldiers was played out around the 1860's in Appomattox. According to Wortham this occurred after Lee surrendered and when the Confederates stacked their arms, folded their flags and were paroled. Wortham discusses how the United States was born in the Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia. "Lee signed not so much terms of surrender as he did the birth certificate of a nation- the United States- and the country was born in that moment." (Robertson) Abraham Lincoln believed that reconciliation was an explicit policy goal. The problem that Lincoln had was that he didn't know how to end the war and win the peace at the same time. Lincoln argued that the Union's aim should be only to conquer the Confederates but to get rid of those forces that put the peace at risk. If the North won the war and lost the peace Lincoln said there would be no way for the entire country to ever find the reunion and freedom that would pay off for all those years of war. Lincoln understood that what he wanted wouldn't become true without surrendering. ...read more.


(Wortham, 158) Lee said that the four years in which he served he had learned that his men were brave, and that they deserved to return home in peace with the satisfaction that they had done their job. Lee gave his farewells and gave his men the right words to take with them on their future. Many believed the Confederates were wrong in belief but they also said, "They fought as they were taught, true to such ideals as they saw, and put into their cause their best." (Wortham, 158) The next day on April 10th Grant's generals asked him if they could cross the Confederate lines to meet with old friends. Grant sat waiting for his officers to prepare everything so his army could leave Appomattox. His officers arrived with many of Grant's comrades. These comrades included Cadmus Wilcox who was Grant's best man at his wedding, Henry Heth who had been a subaltern with Grant in Mexico, George Pickett and others. Grant talked to them until he left and later on wrote the officers saying "the officers seemed to enjoy the meeting as much as though they had been friends separated for a long time while fighting battles under the same flag. ...read more.


Lee's victories prolonged the war until it destroyed slavery, the plantation economy, the wealth and infrastructure of the region, and everything else the confederacy stood for. That was the profound irony of Lee's military genius." (Wortham, 161) This article fits its time period greatly because it helped me understand how important Lee and Grant were to the United States. This article explained with accurate facts what happened at the Appomattox Courthouse and how significant it was to the nation. After Reading this article everything makes sense and is very understandable. This article has no historiographical debate due to the fact that it gives the reader facts. There is no debate because the author tells us what happened from what he has researched. No other authors are mentioned throughout the article, except those who provide more examples of what occurred. In conclusion, that April afternoon of 1865 was very significant to the establishment of the nation. The surrender of Lee's Army gave a big presence of the peace and reconciliation that Lincoln wanted. Lincoln thought it would be impossible but he realized that day in 1865 that it was possible. America had never been united, after this event America was on the road of becoming American. For Lee's troops it was a little humiliating but they were happy, knowing that one day someone would be thankful for what happened this day. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Nelson mandela, a man before his time

    Very soon Mandela climbed the ranks and became directly involved in the anti apartheid movement. He was proud to organise their first political manifestations along with the support of other ethnic groups, such as the Indian population. However this obviously brought some unwanted attention to his existence.

  2. Band Of Brothers

    Ambrose describes a very detailed account of the training they went through and what was expected of them. The vigorous training that Easy Company went through consisted of learning their role in combat and how to defend themselves. Also, came the knowledge of how to react in certain situations and their particular role and objectives during an actual combat situation.

  1. Civics Debate

    Therefore, he or she might be able to block the will of the House of Commons. 6. To follow the US model to have elected Senate is not necessarily good for Canada. Almost every bill that goes through the US senate has additional spending tacked onto it and US senators

  2. Interwar Years: 1919-39

    * By this time many British politicians were arguing that the Versailles Treaty had been too harsh and that revisions should be made. Revisions of the Versailles Treaty (1935-36) 1. Reunion with the Saar (January 1935) - In January, the inhabitants of the Saar, run by the League of Nations

  1. The North, The South, and Slavery

    With the telegraph, the press mad the collection and distribution of news faster iii. 1846- Associated Press formed to gather news cooperatively by wire 1. No longer dependent on exchange of Newspapers for out-of-town news 2. Metro newspapers appeared in NE a.

  2. The Significance of Ulysses S. Grant in the American Civil War.

    The Confederates were fighting for states? rights while the Union troops were fighting in enemy territory for reasons that were not deemed important to them. Many of them were unwillingly drafted. Grant?s morale boosts greatly turned the tide in war as the Union army gave him great respect for his fierce leads into battle, and unwillingness to give up.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work