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the causes and consequences of the spanish civil war

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Introduction

What Were The Causes and Consequences of the Spanish Civil War 1936 - 1939? When a military coup failed to unseat the Popular Front government of Spain, a bloody civil war raged in the country. Stretching from the northern part of Africa to the Pyrenees Mountains, the fighting led to the death of hundreds of thousands of Spaniards. The Spanish Civil War began in July 1936 and was directly caused by this attempted takeover by Nationalist elements, supported by the military and the clergy. The rebels, who held parts of north-western and south-western Spain, then named General Francisco Franco as head of state. However it is clear that the indirect causes of this civil war go back years prior to 1936. The Spanish people blamed the monarchy for the decline of Spain's status in the world. A backward economy and society, a poorly organized industry, the Latifundia policy, the Church's power and control, the incompetence of the government and the fact that there was too much political interference from many sides. There was a demand for a republic. Since Spain lost its monarchy back in 1931, the subsequent republican government was nevertheless unstable and weak and after only 5 years of major problem after another, the Civil War took place. There are many results of the Spanish Civil War to note. The main results would probably be the fact that Spain became a fascist country ruled by General Franco as military dictator until his death in 1975. The Spanish government's corruption and inefficiency was a primary cause to the Spanish Civil War. In 1890 the Spanish-American war had created hard times for Spain's economy. The constitutional monarchy of the early 1900s incompetently dealt with the economic instability. They failed to handle the industrialisation process which continued to fall behind. [1] Naturally, this resulted in the loss of the people's faith in the Spanish Monarchy. ...read more.

Middle

The Popular Front failed drastically that it lost any support from either the Right or the Left. Two powerful left wing political parties, the anarchists and syndicalists (powerful trade union groups), felt that Azana's government was too conventional. Both wanted a more communistic state and the defeat of capitalism. Above all, Azana was despised for forming a political union with the middle ground in Spain's political life. It can be said that he had brought this to himself as he is considered to have betrayed the working class by having their expectations raised to unrealistic levels. Their disappointment is so large as the extreme left organised strikes and riots in an effort to destabilise the government of Azana. Matters became worse when in January 1933. 25 people were killed by government troops who were attempting to capture some anarchists near Cadiz. This lost the government even more support from the working class and the socialists withdrew their support from the government. That isn't much of a surprised. The government had frustrated their already disappointed citizens by actually causing deaths of individuals. This meant that the people could not trust the government and also encouraged them to support the "victimized" parties. Azana resigned as prime minister and elections were called for November 1933. [7] The reforms brought by the new right wing government angered many. It immediately over-turned all of the changes brought in by the Azana government. This enraged many but especially the Catalans who had their privileges withdrawn. This was a serious error of judgement as the Catalans and Basques had supported the government in the elections. The way forward for Robles became clear to many - an attack on the left wing parties of Spain. It forced the many parties of the left to come together to form the Popular Front. They organised strikes, riots and took part in acts of violence such as derailing main line trains. ...read more.

Conclusion

This was because Franco believed that Germany would lose the war. Therefore it can be said that all this was a long term British victory. Another result in the World War Two would be the war's effect on the publicity of Stalin and Hitler's secret relationship. This secret relationship would become public when the two sides signed the Non-Aggression Pact on August 23, 1939, but until that time, Hitler and Stalin made much of their putative opposition to one another. The Spanish Civil War provided them with a proxy battleground, as Germany and Italy tried out new armaments in support of the Nationalists, led by Francisco Franco. The Republican side turned to Stalin for help, but he gave them little assistance while siphoning resources and leaders, some of whom went to Moscow and never returned. Also, seeing that there was international intervention, Italian and German troops gained military experience. The British Labor Party under Clement Attlee became even more anti- Communist and anti- Soviet, partly as a result of the Spanish Civil War. And finally, the actual use of aircraft and the high number of casualties in the Spanish Civil War was a preliminary indication of the high cost of World War Two. Three years of bloodshed, hundreds of thousands of executions, a battle after another all concluded the Spanish Civil War. It would be safe to say that the main cause of the Spanish Civil War would be the poor management of the Spanish government. No matter who was in control, whether by force or the people's choice, there always seemed to be problems and basically incompetence. In retrospect, it sometimes became difficult to remember why the Spanish Civil War had been fought at all. Francoists had assumed for decades after the war that Spain would remain what they had made it - Catholic, authoritarian, nationalist and centralist. They suddenly found themselves living in a society full of features they had sought to eradicate. It was now pluralist, tolerant, federal and multilingual. Militarism disappeared. ...read more.

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