• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Causes and Effects of Chinese-Japanese conflicts in the 1930s

Extracts from this document...


The Causes and Effects of Chinese-Japanese conflicts in the 1930s IB World History Mr.Middleton Dec. 10th , 2010 In the time period before 1930s, the status in Asian-Pacific region was gradually changing. The rise of the Empire of Japan was the biggest change. At the height of its power, the Japanese Empire ruled over a land area spanning 7,400,000i square kilometers, making it one of the largest maritime empires in history. Meanwhile, China was really weakened by the ruler and the wrong policies. They could hardly protect themselves. Lots of problems kept China from modernizing as fast as Japan did. Therefore, as grow of a strong country, Japan was hungry for land and resources which they were lacked of. As a result of a long time desire and campaign, Japan had plenty reasons of declaring wars on China. It was clear that the main reasons were Japan's eager for land and then the invasions. So that the paper will focus on the causes and effects of the Chinese and Japanese conflicts in the 1930s. What were the causes and effects of Chinese/Japanese conflicts in the 1930s? It is a hard question to answer, because there were many small things happened that were unfamiliar with the western world since East Asia was politically different and kind of being isolated at the time; but on the other hand, it seemed connected with the rest of the world closely in some way. ...read more.


With Yamagata's instigation and encouragement, many ultra-nationalistic secret societies were built. The earliest start of Chinese decline would be the Opium War (1839-1842). As China was disastrously defeated by the British, the first treaty was signed. The Treat of Nanjing signed in 1842, it was the first of a series of agreements with the Western trading nations later called by the Chinese as the "unequal treaties". The treaty was followed by other incursions, wars, and treaties that granted new concessions and added new privileges for the foreigners. The actual ruler of China after the death of the Xianfeng Emperor in 1861 was Empress Dowager Cixi. Cixi was extremely conservative and refused reform of the political system. Efforts were made through the Self-Strengthening Movement of 1861-1895 to improve the China's military and economic position, but the country was racked by massive internal rebellions. Then Japan caught this chance to declare the First Sino-Japanese War. The influence of the war to China was the lost of the navy and the reducing to a semi-colonial and semi-feudal society. There was an important treaty signed by China and Japan called Treaty of Shimonoseki. In the treaty, China had to pay a debt of 200 million silver kuping taels to Japan, and give up the island of Taiwan. These massive reparations really aggravated Chinese people's burden and accelerated the develop of Japanese militarism. There were two other treaties followed by this one. One was The Boxer Protocol; the other was the Twenty-One Demand. ...read more.


And the war was really a victory on anti-fascism, more specific for Chinese people; it was a win on the imperialism. For Japan, the war was lost, but it gave them another chance to check themselves. As a country with limited resources, it was really hard for them to get into the far South of China, their supply was not enough, also the battle lines were cut by the Chinese, and the troops were surrounded by Chinese army at the end of war. Even though, China won at the end, the hatred was still rooted in Chinese people's hearts. The two countries today both are important powers to the world while the fact of wars and invasions are still remembered in people's heart. To conclude, Japan's invasion to China was much earlier than the other great powers at that time. Since the limited natural resources, Japan was desire on China's land and useful minerals. And the reason for them to declare the Second Sino-Japanese War were that they were in the time of rise, their ambitions were getting bigger and bigger; meanwhile, China was in chaos with other countries, and even within itself. It was overall a great chance for Japanese to invade China, and they were successful at the beginning. i Sheehan, Sean. World War II: the Pacific. Milwaukee, WI: World Almanac Library, 2005. Print. ii "Empire of Japan." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 10 Dec. 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Empire_of_Japan#Military_and_social_organizations>. iii ""September 18th"" Xinhuanet. Web. <http://news.xinhuanet.com/ziliao/2003-09/09/content_1071557.htm>. iv "History of Nanking Massacre." 1937 Nanking Massacre :: Home. Web. 10 Dec. 2010. <http://www.nanking-massacre.com/>. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Internal Assessment - How effective were the policies implemented by the U.S. during the ...

    Analysis The US occupation of Japan during the years 1945 to 1952 was a change as abrupt as the Meiji Restoration, completely dismantling and reconstructing the political system of Japan. With Douglas MacArthur as the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers (SCAP), the U.S.

  2. Mao Zedong and the Education(TM)s changes in the People's Republic of China

    whose way of life or work was deemed to detach them from the people. Schools teachers, University staff, writers, and even doctors were prey to the Red Guard squads who denounced them as 'bad elements' and made publicly confess their class crimes15.

  1. the causes and consequences of the spanish civil war

    our ideals, we shall go against parliament.'[4] Eddie May believes that it was Robles, a strong admirer of Hitler's Nazi party, who created the necessary conditions for the unity of the Spanish elite.[5] Paul Preston shares this view: 'Gil Robles played an active and indeed crucial role, in Parliament and

  2. Assess critically the causes of world war I

    Its primary aim was to stabilize domestic politics. Other European powers had "anti-German" fever, especially in England in the 1900's as a result of Weltpolitik. This aggressive foreign policy led to war because it increased tensions with other powers by expanding colonial interests and threatening their overseas interests.

  1. Why did the Communists win the Chinese Civil War?

    through events such as Manchuria, the GDP were also called " kleptocracy-a government of thieves and were usually corrupt even by the standards of time."2 In contrast, the CCP was honest and efficient in its administration. Which thereby they obtained many supporters that changed sides because of the GDP's corruption and other problems.

  2. Historical Investigation: To what extent did the Taiwanese population benefit from Japans agricultural developments ...

    7 iv. By 1940, less than 27% of the government workforce involving administrative powers was occupied by native Taiwanese. Most of the natives were involved in "unskilled and menial tasks."8 v. "Statistics for 1929 show that Japanese owned more than three-quarters of the capital in Taiwan organised as joint-stock companies, limited partnerships, or unlimited companies.

  1. The Effects of the Great Depression on Canada.

    For that reason, many Canadians could not afford to put gasoline in their cars. Instead, horses pulled their cars, ?Canadians called these cars Bennett Buggies?. As Canadian people had enough of Bennett, who they blamed for prolonging the Depression, they soon elected MacKenzie King, who ran under the slogan ?King

  2. Mao and China Revision Guide

    * The party was purged of those members who had been too free with their objections to government and party orders. * Zhou Enlai, despite being one of Mao's most loyal supporters, was obliged to make a humiliating self-criticism in front of a large party gathering.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work