• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Causes and Effects of Chinese-Japanese conflicts in the 1930s

Extracts from this document...


The Causes and Effects of Chinese-Japanese conflicts in the 1930s IB World History Mr.Middleton Dec. 10th , 2010 In the time period before 1930s, the status in Asian-Pacific region was gradually changing. The rise of the Empire of Japan was the biggest change. At the height of its power, the Japanese Empire ruled over a land area spanning 7,400,000i square kilometers, making it one of the largest maritime empires in history. Meanwhile, China was really weakened by the ruler and the wrong policies. They could hardly protect themselves. Lots of problems kept China from modernizing as fast as Japan did. Therefore, as grow of a strong country, Japan was hungry for land and resources which they were lacked of. As a result of a long time desire and campaign, Japan had plenty reasons of declaring wars on China. It was clear that the main reasons were Japan's eager for land and then the invasions. So that the paper will focus on the causes and effects of the Chinese and Japanese conflicts in the 1930s. What were the causes and effects of Chinese/Japanese conflicts in the 1930s? It is a hard question to answer, because there were many small things happened that were unfamiliar with the western world since East Asia was politically different and kind of being isolated at the time; but on the other hand, it seemed connected with the rest of the world closely in some way. ...read more.


With Yamagata's instigation and encouragement, many ultra-nationalistic secret societies were built. The earliest start of Chinese decline would be the Opium War (1839-1842). As China was disastrously defeated by the British, the first treaty was signed. The Treat of Nanjing signed in 1842, it was the first of a series of agreements with the Western trading nations later called by the Chinese as the "unequal treaties". The treaty was followed by other incursions, wars, and treaties that granted new concessions and added new privileges for the foreigners. The actual ruler of China after the death of the Xianfeng Emperor in 1861 was Empress Dowager Cixi. Cixi was extremely conservative and refused reform of the political system. Efforts were made through the Self-Strengthening Movement of 1861-1895 to improve the China's military and economic position, but the country was racked by massive internal rebellions. Then Japan caught this chance to declare the First Sino-Japanese War. The influence of the war to China was the lost of the navy and the reducing to a semi-colonial and semi-feudal society. There was an important treaty signed by China and Japan called Treaty of Shimonoseki. In the treaty, China had to pay a debt of 200 million silver kuping taels to Japan, and give up the island of Taiwan. These massive reparations really aggravated Chinese people's burden and accelerated the develop of Japanese militarism. There were two other treaties followed by this one. One was The Boxer Protocol; the other was the Twenty-One Demand. ...read more.


And the war was really a victory on anti-fascism, more specific for Chinese people; it was a win on the imperialism. For Japan, the war was lost, but it gave them another chance to check themselves. As a country with limited resources, it was really hard for them to get into the far South of China, their supply was not enough, also the battle lines were cut by the Chinese, and the troops were surrounded by Chinese army at the end of war. Even though, China won at the end, the hatred was still rooted in Chinese people's hearts. The two countries today both are important powers to the world while the fact of wars and invasions are still remembered in people's heart. To conclude, Japan's invasion to China was much earlier than the other great powers at that time. Since the limited natural resources, Japan was desire on China's land and useful minerals. And the reason for them to declare the Second Sino-Japanese War were that they were in the time of rise, their ambitions were getting bigger and bigger; meanwhile, China was in chaos with other countries, and even within itself. It was overall a great chance for Japanese to invade China, and they were successful at the beginning. i Sheehan, Sean. World War II: the Pacific. Milwaukee, WI: World Almanac Library, 2005. Print. ii "Empire of Japan." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 10 Dec. 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Empire_of_Japan#Military_and_social_organizations>. iii ""September 18th"" Xinhuanet. Web. <http://news.xinhuanet.com/ziliao/2003-09/09/content_1071557.htm>. iv "History of Nanking Massacre." 1937 Nanking Massacre :: Home. Web. 10 Dec. 2010. <http://www.nanking-massacre.com/>. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. the causes and consequences of the spanish civil war

    down such riots which the government, and the previous ones themselves could not do. The general elections of February 1936 did not solve anything. It was really done in a last minute attempt to avoid a serious crisis. In this election, the Popular Front won and Azana, once again became prime minister.

  2. Developments of Music During the Middle Ages

    "The Beethoven Violin Concerto in D Major, Op.61." 2006. William and Flora Hewitt Foundation. 13 Dec. 2007. <http://cnx.org/content/m13404/latest/> Works Consulted Austin, Michael. "Berlioz Music Scores: Symphonie fantastique." 2006. The Hector Berlioz Website. 16 Dec. 2007. <http://www.hberlioz.com/Scores/sfantastique.htm> Boynick, Matthew. "Musical Forms - Chanson." 1996. Classical Music Pages. 9 Dec. 2007.

  1. Mao and China Revision Guide

    Social Policies: Personality Cult China became, probably even more than the USSR, a slogan-ridden society. The first and most important part of the society that Mao had targeted was the Peasants. The party didn?t simply destroy religion in China, but they also destroyed cultural customs, traditions and practices like songs and dances depicting the old ways.

  2. Ancient Chinese people contributed a number of innovative instruments and tools which are still ...

    (Ancient Chinese contributions, n.d). I believe Gunpowder, paper, printing and compass are the most innovative and useful inventions. Among the many other important inventions, I consider these four as the most important because of the significance of these inventions in the history of mankind.

  1. Outline the reasons for the rise of Chinese Nationalism after 1919. Discuss the impact ...

    The unequal treaties humiliated the Chinese, and caused a large amount of resentment for foreigners who often times considered themselves to be superior. The series of defeats at the hands of the West and even against Japan contributed to a strong xenophobic sentiment.

  2. Notes on the history of Communist China

    framework nominally divided power among three central components 1. the communist party 1. all aspects of ideology 2. coordinate work of govt and army 3. in charge of party organization -Central committee, 44 members, appt regional branches of the party -5 members in politburo incl Mao and Zhou Enlai 1.

  1. The Chinese Civil War - Background and Main Events

    Mao never forgot the way he and the CCP had been treated by the USSR. Japan surrendered in 1945 and China returned to its Civil War between the CCP and GMD. As WW2 came to an end in the Pacific, relations between the government of Kaishek in China and its powerful US ally had become frayed.

  2. How far did the Japanese Occupation change the lives of the people in Southeast ...

    Local resistance movements that went beyond ideological differences were formed during the Japanese Occupation, such as the MPAJA in Malaya and the Vietminh in Vietnam, which appealed to communists and non-communists alike, and made the fight for freedom a greater reality for the vast majority of the local population who had been previously politically apathetic towards anti-colonialist struggles.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work