• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Chinese Civil War

Extracts from this document...


The Chinese Civil War Evaluate the reasons for the success of Mao and the communists gaining support during the Chinese Civil war. By: Chia Ni Wu 13th May, 2010 Teacher's Name: Mr. Smith Total Number of Pages: 11 {2,903 words} Table of Contents Abstract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Body . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . .9 Citations . . . . . . . . .. . ...read more.


This not only led to its armies being poorly paid but also drove millions into abject poverty. By 1949, China's monetary system had collapsed, the government was discredited, and the people of Nationalist China were demoralized and troops began to lean onto the communists. There was a critic of Chiang and the Nationalists Party by General Joseph Stilwell, the American wartime liaison officer and he stated in 1943 when he was in a position to observe the situation in China at first hand. He stated: "I judge Kuomintang and Communist Party by what I saw: KMT: Corruption, neglect, chaos, economy, taxes, words and deeds. Hoarding, black market, trading with the enemy. Communist program... reduce taxes, rents, interest. Raise production and standard living. Participate in government. Practice what they preach." (Lynch 58) With this quote giving the purpose of informing the public what the general observe, we could also tell the values of this source. Being a primary source, this source gave us a view of what did the outsider observe during the time. In addition, as this was said by an American general who observed the situation in China at first hand, this source could be reliable and this shows the American's point of view of their stand. However, as this information was only given by a person, therefore we could not say that his saying has represented America as a whole. Furthermore, the quote may be bias in a sense that during that time the Americans sided with the CCP, therefore, in his saying, he stated only the negatives of the KMT and the positives of the CCP. ...read more.


The poor decisions made by KMT were also one of the crucial factors that led to the triumph of the CCP such as instead of resisting the Japanese, they spent their time going against the CCP. This turned everyone against the KMT. Lastly, with Mao and CCP's intelligence of gaining the support from the majority of the population; peasants, they were able to win the Chinese Civil War. To say that the stated factors were all the reasons that led to the communist's party would be rather farfetched. However, it is evident to say that these factors have played a part in the reasons for the CCP's triumph. Others factors that could be considered would be the world economic situations and other events that were happening at the same time worldwide which may have made an impact on the result of the Chinese Civil War. In conclusion, with all of these aspects and other factors that led to the triumph of the CCP, the Nationalists and Chang Kai Shriek was forced to flee to Taiwan. The Nationalists collapsed while the PLA (People's Liberation Army) marched victoriously into Beijing in January 1949. Mao Zedong then stood atop the main gate to the Qing imperial palace and formally declared the founding of the People's Republic of China. Even though, the CCP gained victory at last and under the leadership of Mao Zedong, the People's Republic of China was established, it did not specify on how did the nationalists react to the strategies that the communists used to gain support? such as with the use of the nationalist's weaknesses. This question remained unresolved, thus may make up another basis of another investigation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Why did the Communists win the Chinese Civil War?

    1From this simple instruction , it shows that the CCP clearly understands what they need to do in order to gain support from the middle and lower classes. The second approach the CCP took was ordering the CCP army to be kind and courteous to the peasants, thus gaining support through communicating and caring for them.

  2. The Civil War was not inevitable; it was the result of extremism and failures ...

    by popular sovereignty, meaning that territorial legislatures and local people would make the decision whether slavery would be allowed.

  1. Analyse the factors that led to the rise of the Communist party in China.

    Upon Zhou's persuasion, he agreed to reform the alliance with the CCP to put on a united front against the Japanese. With this alliance, the Red Army was more secure. When full-fledged war broke out in 1937, the KMT forces were defeated and the Japanese occupied a lot of eastern China.

  2. the causes and consequences of the spanish civil war

    It was simply the failure of a united government with straightforward views and policies to run the country with. The loss of support for Azana's government (the Popular Front) was a further push for the civil war. In September 1933, following the set up of CEDA, Azana resigns due to his defeat in the elections.

  1. World War 1 Information

    promised Britain 500,000 Canadian soldiers but less people wanted to join now > Borden did not want to revise the number because he wanted Canada to be a full member in the British Empire > French Canadians did not want to join, but British Canadians did > French Canadians angry

  2. Mao and China Revision Guide

    1st he expected party cadres to welcome criticism on their own leadership, while they tried to suppress or manipulate the mass movement in order to keep their positions. Mao failed to design a viable and enduring alternative political order to replace the one he sought to overthrow, or to transform

  1. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Company and battalion committees were chosen to represent the lower ranks. Standing at attention and saluting when not on duty was abolished. 4. PG didn?t see Order Number One as a threat and didn?t see themselves in conflict with the Petrograd Soviet.

  2. Analyse the causes of the Spanish Civil War

    In this paragraph I am going to analyze the causes of the coup started in 17th July 1936 that involved Africa and was the last spark that gave an opportunity for the war to begin. The plan for the coup began as soon as the Popular front came to power in February 1936.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work