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The Colonists

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The Colonists and the British had many strengths as well as weaknesses at the onset of the American Revolution. The colonists had the home court advantage including the fact that the British had to organize their plans from 3000 miles away. The British had problems with supplying their troops in a hostile country. The colonies stretched 600 miles by 1000 miles which allowed the colonial militias to hide and attack with surprise and conduct guerilla style warfare. This was a very large amount of area and thus made it difficult for the British to conquer. This also allowed Washington to strike and retreat at will. The colonists were also self-sufficient. They were able to grow enough food to feed their people which proved to be a major advantage. ...read more.


They also had the advantage of time. They just needed to hold out while the British needed to conquer. The British needed a clear victory. A draw would mean the colonists won. Most importantly the French provided huge amounts of aid to the colonists by supplying ammunition and military forces. Britain was the strongest nation in the world and had greater financial resources. They had a huge population advantage, 7.5 million British to 2.5 million Americans. Their army was extremely well trained. They did however have some military difficulties including, second rate generals, brutality toward their soldiers, (one was lashed 800 times in retaliation for striking an officer), and not enough and poor quality provisions, including rotten food. Their numbers were not overwhelming so they supplemented their 50,000 troops with 30,000 Hessians. ...read more.


For example, at Valley Forge, 2800 men were barefoot in the winter of 1777-1778. There were many American Soldiers but they could be unreliable. The American militia was far inferior in terms of training and experience in warfare. At the beginning of the war, because of the superior British resources and organization it would have appeared that they had the advantage. However as the war progressed the American's superior military leadership and geographic advantages (homecourt) compounded by the assistance from the French tilted the advantage in the Americans favor. The victory over General Cornwallis in Yorktown, VA, and the surrender of the British accounted for the victory by the Americans. The terms of the surrender were negotiated in 1783 by Ben Franklin, John Adams, John Jay, Thomas Jefferson, and Henry Lawrence ended the war. The British recognition of American independence was what really accounted for the American Victory. ...read more.

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