• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Crusades

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Holy Wars of the Middle Ages in Europe and the Middle East, otherwise known as the Crusades, were overall a successful, although not completely moral, means of spreading and revitalizing Christian faith in Europe. The commencement of the Crusades was in the favor of Christianity, but as the Crusades heightened, things had gotten out of hand and had degraded the religion near the end. The Crusades were essentially a series of religious military expeditions that were cast to conflict with internal and external threats to their religion. They had primarily begun in the year 1095 and had been continued for the next 200 years to follow1. The First Crusade, the key Crusade that had started everything, was the initial (Christian) march onto Jerusalem, or the Holy Land, and the main objective in mind was to reclaim what was the holiest place in Christian history since the very beginning: Jerusalem, or the 'City of Gods,' where Jesus Christ had been born, raised, and killed.2 Not only was the intent of this mission to regain the land, but also to give a chance for Christians to pay a pilgrimage and seek redemption. For the Muslims however, Jerusalem was significant because it enclosed the Dome of the Rock where Muhammad, founder of the Muslim faith, had once sat and prayed.3 With the achievement of retrieving the land for the Christians, they had a new incentive that consisted of devastating the entire Muslim population in the region that they had just invaded. ...read more.

Middle

enormous amounts of wealth believed to be at Jerusalem.13 The citizens who would participate in the voyages would be excused from taxes and would have their status protected by the Church so they would not have to deal with any hassles.14 Because of the Pope's decision to lie about Christian laws and to corrupt the teachings of Christ, the entire religion became flawed and defective. Everyone had been embarking on these quests for the wrong reasons. Every Christian had followed their religion for their own motives whether they were personal or financial. However, there were people who were converted into Christianity through the message of hope rather than personal will to join. Christian forces were keen on invading all the Muslim territories and converting the entire Islamic race to Christianity to prove their superiority over every other religion.15 However, the Muslim population was not devoted to this destructive conversion. Muslims felt a sense of pride being Muslims and would rather fight and kill the offenders, or even die, than to convert to Christianity.16 Regardless of what Christians would do, it was against Muslim religion to lose faith, as the Quran makes clear: "4:89 - They long that ye should disbelieve even as they disbelieve, that ye may be upon a level (with them). So choose not friends from them till they forsake their homes in the way of Allah; if they turn back (to enmity) ...read more.

Conclusion

New York: Press Orchard Park. 6 Hallam, Elizabeth. 'Chronicles of the Crusades: Eye-Witness Accounts of the Wars Between Christianity and Islam'. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. 7 "Crusades." Encyclopedia Britannica. 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online School Edition. 11 April 2008. <http://school.eb.com/eb/article-25599> 8 "The Christian Crusades." The Christian Crusades (1095-1291). General Board of Global Ministries. <http://gbgm-umc.org/UMW/bible/crusades.stm> (19 April 2008). 9 Skip Knox, E. L. "The Crusades." Boise State University. <http://crusades.boisestate.edu/> (20 April 2008). 10 "Crusades." Encyclopedia Britannica. 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online School Edition. 11 April 2008. <http://school.eb.com/eb/article-25599> 11 Munro, Dana C. "The Popes and the Crusades." American Philosophical Society, Vol. 55, No. 5 (1916): 348-356. JSTOR. 19 April 2008. <www.jstor.org/> 12 "The Real History of the Crusades." Mike Todd. <http://www.brutallyhonest.org/brutally_honest/2005/06/the_real_histor.html> [18 April 2008] 13 Nicholson, Nigel. "Crusades Influences." Nigel Nicholson. <http://homepage.ntlworld.com/nigel.nicholson/hn/CrusadeFAQs/f-change.html> [19 April 2008] 14 Nicholson, Nigel. "Crusades Influences." Nigel Nicholson. <http://homepage.ntlworld.com/nigel.nicholson/hn/CrusadeFAQs/f-change.html> [19 April 2008] 15 Hallam, Elizabeth. 'Chronicles of the Crusades: Eye-Witness Accounts of the Wars Between Christianity and Islam'. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. 16 Owens, Josh. "Tolerance and Forced Conversion During The Crusades." Helium. <http://www.helium.com/items/288083-tolerance-forced-conversion-during> (20 April 2008) 17 Hallam, Elizabeth. 'Chronicles of the Crusades: Eye-Witness Accounts of the Wars Between Christianity and Islam'. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. 18 Dafoe, Stephen A. 'In Praise of the New Knighthood'. <http://www.templarhistory.com> [April 20, 2008] 19 Dafoe, Stephen A. 'In Praise of the New Knighthood'. <http://www.templarhistory.com> [April 20, 2008] 20 Dafoe, Stephen A. 'In Praise of the New Knighthood'. <http://www.templarhistory.com> [April 20, 2008] 21 Owens, Josh. "Tolerance and Forced Conversion During The Crusades." Helium. <http://www.helium.com/items/288083-tolerance-forced-conversion-during> (20 April 2008) 22 < http://www.crusades-encyclopedia.com/apologyforthecrusades.html> ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Analysis of Erasmus's Work: The Praise of Folly

    Next, Erasmus goes on to condemn monks, who he deems are not "interested in being like Christ but being unlike each other" (167), a folly which leads to the formation of different groups such as the Jacobites, the Williamists, the Benedictines, and many more.

  2. Japanese Christians after 1600's

    After Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi took over as the ruling Shogun. Unlike Nobunaga, Hideyoshi had a totally different perspective on Christianity. Toyotomi Hideyoshi disliked the foreigners coming into Japan and said that Christianity was "hostile to Japanese tradition and law" (Miocevich, pg 11).

  1. Women During the Period of Crusades. Crusades were expeditions as well as being ...

    At a more ordinary level, a Holy Land crusade could last for years, a long time for families to be separated. "When the First Crusade was acknowledged in November 1095, wives, daughters, and even nuns united for their belief. Pope Urban II tried to discourage women from departing with no

  2. Ways to lose a colony EE

    In some of Eliza's letters, she elaborates upon the harsh treatment she imposed on the servants, and her sentiment, should it have been shared by many others, could provide an indication of how very little faith the British had in the locals.

  1. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    - PLO attacks were targeted on Israeli border areas. These terrorist attacks were retaliated harshly by Israel who arrested and deported suspected terrorists and demolished the houses of suspected supporters of terrorists, as well as conducted large scale attacks on PLO bases. - 21 March 1968: In retaliation for a Fatah raid, Israel struck back in Karameh.

  2. The Crusades. Were the Christian Attacks on Muslims Justified?

    ?killed and captured many? and ?destroyed the churches and devastated the empire?? (Halsall). The Christians believed the Muslims were nit treating the Christians justly, so it was the responsibility of the Christians to defend what they so strongly believed in and what was a huge part of their lives.

  1. Crisis and Collapse in Spain between 1793 and 1808

    In 1798 the Crown ordered the sale of property held by a variety of public and religious institutions in Spain. The proceeds from these sales were to be delivered to the Crown in exchange for a royal promise to pay annually 3 percent of the value of these expropriated funds to the Church.

  2. The Westeinde is one of the higher parts of The Hague, and the story ...

    He was a Counsellor of Charles the Bold and of Kaiser Maximiliaan; and he married a wealthy heiress named Beatrix van Dalem. And in the Council Chamber of the Grote Kerk, just a hundred yards away from the House of Assendelft, there is a fine marble tomb that contains the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work