• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The cultural and scientific achievements of the Ottoman Empire

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐The Scientific and Cultural achievements of the Ottoman Empire The Ottoman Empire was extensive and lasted nearly 700 years (from 27 July 1299 to 29 October 1923). There were understandably many important cultural and scientific breakthroughs during that time. However, throughout history, there have been only a few truly ingenious individuals who could universally be described as polymaths, persons who have demonstrated extraordinary expertise and who have made great, historically-significant achievements in a number of different fields. One influential polymath of the Ottoman Empire was Taqi al-Din Muhammad ibn Ma?ruf (Takyuiddin) (1526-1585), whose extensive scientific achievements have shaped our society. But curiously today remains relatively unknown to the general public of the western civilization. Scientific achievements In our modern society we are well aware of the early scientific discoveries and cultural achievements and the great people behind them, names like Newton, Aristotle, Da vinci and Copernicus are not unknown. Rarely does anyone mention Taqi al-Din who was once regarded as ?The greatest scientist on earth? during the Ottoman Empire. ...read more.

Middle

His discoveries were truly ahead of his time and he was the first person to explain the formation of color, stating that color is formed as a result of reflection and refraction of light. This happened two centuries before Sir Isaac Newton did his research on it! There are plenty more discoveries, inventions and achievements that were made by Taqi al Din, but also other scientist of the Ottoman Empire that deserve further notice, for example Ali Qushji and his contributions to Astronomy. Qushji completely separated natural philosophy with astronomy, which lead to that astronomy was seen as a purely mathematical science and not based on speculations. He also improved on the planetary model and presented an alternative planetary model for Mercury. Cultural achievements The Ottoman Empire was a time of true innovative thinking and culture flourished marvelously under this period in time. Some even mean that this particular time rival the artistic and literary achievements of the European renaissance. ...read more.

Conclusion

It was an exceedingly ritualized and divine art form and followed Islamic forms and rules, although it was written by Turkish intellectuals. The vast majority of Diwan poetry was lyric in nature: either gazels which deals with love, specifically a forbidden and unattainable love, or kasîdes which have a single presiding subject, rationally developed and concluded often used in theological and moral purposes. Art in form of carpets, calligraphy and ceramics were greatly developed in this period of time because of the enormous wealth of the Ottoman Empire, creating beautiful pieces of art describing the golden age of the ottoman society to present day people. The scientific and cultural achievements of the Ottoman Empire have truly influenced our society today in a great many ways, although we may not be as aware of it as you may think. Some of the greatest minds of this time are forgotten or barely mentioned in our modern western civilization. Trying to link the past with the present in this manner could lead to better understanding of our common heritage and respect for different cultures in the present day. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. The Cultural Revolution

    Anyone wearing Western jewellery or make up was publicly humiliated. A vulnerable group was 'the intellectuals' a term used to denote people whose way of work was deemed to detach them from the rest of the people. School teachers, university staff, writers and doctors were denounced as bad elements and were made to publicly confess their crimes.

  2. Architectural Masterpieces in England

    very little building occured in England. The debts run up by the spendthrift Henry meant that the country verged on bankruptcy. The wool trade, which had carried the economic life of the country in the late medieval period, was no longer as prosperous as it had been and there was less disposable wealth for architectural projects.

  1. The Life and Achievements of King Canute

    At this point, the outlook for the Danes was black enough that Eadric deserted Cnut and joined Edmund's forces. In October, Edmund's army caught the Danes at Ashingdon in Essex. Early in this battle, Eadric and his forces fled from the Danes and the English were decisively defeated.

  2. In an organized empire having religious tolerance is one of the most important things ...

    "The imposition of Shi'ite made the split in within the country permanent"(Bulliet 432). That split was not good for the country's unity. Many people inside this empire were very unhappy with this imposition, it affected their lives, and it also affected their psychological lives: "Shi'ism also affected the psychological life of the people"(Bulliet 433).

  1. When looking at Botticelli and his specific works, how does he embody the concept ...

    painting is also similar.6 After seeing the rate at which Botticelli was flourishing, one could conclude that he most likely attained his enthusiasm for the classics from the Medici family, for whom he was commissioned, this is shown by the constant paintings of pagan figures that would please his patrons; thus, driving him to produce more.

  2. Islams Golden Age

    The advanced cultures of India and China combined with that of Persia, ancient Greece, Rome, and Egypt led to a type of world trade that was never even previously possible. "In most cases civilizations conquered by Islam remained politically and culturally intact, unlike those overrun by northern barbarians.

  1. George Washington's Greatest Achievements

    He then made the important decision to compromise: northern votes to put capital in the south in exchange for southern votes to pass assumption. This was a significant decision because he prevented the succession of Massachusetts and Carolina, while resolving to pay the national war debt.

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    Impact of the Intifada Israelis - The Intifada shook the Israeli's who did not know exactly how to react, and it attracted a lot of support, even internationally. Schlaim: "a powerful army was being unleashed against a civilian population that was fighting for its basic human rights and for the right to political self-determination."

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work