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The Evaluation and Effect on the Formation of W.E.B Du Boiss NAACP during the African American Civil Rights Movement

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Introduction

The Evaluation and Effect on the Formation of W.E.B Du Bois's NAACP during the African American Civil Rights Movement Antranedra Williams History Extended Essay Word Count: 3,628 Humble High School Mr. Stanley Table of Contents Cover Page.............................................................................1 Table of Contents.....................................................................2 Abstract.................................................................................3 Introduction............................................................................4 The Life of W.E.B Du Bois...........................................................5-10 The Birth and Accomplishments of the NAACP........................10-16 NAACP's Influence on the Civil Rights Movement..............16-20 Conclusion..................................................................20-23 References............................................................................ Abstract : This essay examines and discusses the effect on the formation of W.E.B Du Bois's NAACP on the African American civil rights movement of the late twentieth century. Specifically, this paper evaluates how Du Bois's philosophical motives spearheaded the formation of the NAACP, which effected the civil rights movement in various positive ways. During the research process of the essay it revealed the true importance of gaining an education, eliminating racial segregation, and ending women's suffrage. This essay begins through the evaluation of W.E.B Du Bois's life background and contributions to the African American Civil Rights movement. The two component of this essay focuses on the birth of the NAACP and its accomplishments. The final component of this essay analyzes how Du Bois's formation of the NAACP effected the civil rights movement, that later led to more black progression. The form of research used for this essay were books and articles from the twentieth and twentieth-first century. [Word Count: 160] Introduction : During the mid 1900's , United States experienced approximately ten years of racial injustice and inequality. This era is referred to as the African-American Civil rights Movement. The movement aimed to outlaw racial segregation and restore voting rights in southern United States. African Americans strived for freedom from oppression of whites. During this time period of hatred, hostility, and racial injustice the formation of organizations and leaders were imperative; in order to achieve complete equality in the United States. Some of the prominent black elite civil rights activist during this era was Dr. ...read more.

Middle

About 50 percent of the civil rights attorneys in the South during the 1960s were Jews, as were over 50 percent of the Whites who went to Mississippi in 1964 to challenge Jim Crow Laws." The NAACP used the law to enforce equality and overthrow the establishment of the Jim Crow Laws. This leading activist group was also composed of W.E.B Du Bois, Walter White, Ida B. Wells, Henry Moscowitz, Oswald Garrison Villard, and many other diverse individuals. However, "W.E.B Du Bois, Ida B. Wells, and William Monroe Trotter were among the most vocal blacks at the conference." Ida B. Wells, an African-American Journalist and prominent member of the NAACP, promoted desegregation by creating writings about lynchings. William Monroe Trotter was a newspaper editor and business man of the NAACP and W.E.B Du Bois laid out the ways to secure African American civil rights by forcing the legal system to keep Fourteenth Amendment, voting rights, and equal education opportunities. "The legal caste system, as W.E.B Du Bois called it, based on race and color, led him to abandon his teaching position at Atlanta University in 1910 and to accept a position with the NAACP as the director of Publications and Research in 1911." Du Bois promoted a viewpoint that encouraged black ownership and control over their own organizations. "In the early years of the NAACP, Du Bois argued that the argument for segregation in schools and public institutions was an argument against democracy." This being said, NAACP devoted most of their energy towards fighting the lynching of blacks by working for legislation and educating the public. "The NAACP provided Du Bois with the opportunity to reach a broader audience. He was appointed editor of The Crisis, the NAACP's magazine. The editorship of The Crisis would improve his most important post. In The Crisis, Du Bois closely followed the development of the NAACP and provide important validation and support for its agenda." ...read more.

Conclusion

He achieved this by forming a black organization, the National Association Achievement of Colored People, which promoted women's suffrage, racial equality, and 7the importance of education. The NAACP played a crucial role in society during the civil rights movement in the United states by helping pass many federal laws such as; the Civil Rights Act of 1964, The Fair Housing Act, and Brown v. Board of Education. He also strived to expand and be proud of celebrating black culture by spreading African Diaspora throughout the world, today he is known as the "Father of Pan-Africanism". The NAACP "proved between 1910 and the First World War, one of the most effective organizations of the liberal spirit and the fight for social progress which America has known. It fought frankly to make Negros politically free from disfranchisement, legally free from caste and socially free from insult." The NAACP advocated equal and fair treatment of blacks by destroying the existence of racial discrimination and segregation. The NAACP also influenced the civil rights movement through acknowledging the importance of non-violent protesting. This organization worked hard to ensure unalienable rights regardless of race, religion, or sex. Du Bois's use of Double Consciousness and other philosophical motives aided in the progression of black America in the United States, due to the establishment of the NAACP which promoted equality in the school, court, workforce, and neighborhood. References: W. E. B. Du Bois's Sociology: The Philadelphia Negro and Social Science. Tukufu, Zuberi.W. E. B. Du Bois's Sociology: The Philadelphia Negro and Social Science. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 595, Being Here and Being There: Fieldwork Encounters and Ethnographic Discoveries (Sep., 2004), pp. 146-156 Reiland, Rabaka.The Souls of Black Radical Folk: W. E. B. Du Bois, Critical Social Theory, and the State of Africana Studies. Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 36, No. 5, The State of Black Studies in the Academy (May., 2006), pp. 732-763 Edward, J. Blum. The Spiritual Scholar: W.E.B. Du Bois. The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, No. 57 (Autumn, 2007), pp. ...read more.

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