• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The first years of the Peoples Republic of China under the CCP rule 1949-1958

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Topic: The first years of the People's Republic of China under the CCP rule 1949-1958 I agree with this statement to a certain extent, I believe the changes the CCP initiated in the years 1949-1958, prior to the commencement of the Great Leap Forward, were in fact, beneficial to China as a whole nation, but however, were not of benefit to the peasant's life specifically. This stance can be supported through the success of the Five Year Plan, the contradictions of Land Reform, and the primary stages of the Great Leap Forward. In 1950, Mao was planning a campaign designed specifically for the peasants; Land reform. Land Reform had great potential for the peasants. It advertised the annihilation of the cruel landlord class, and an overall better life. With Land Reform, landlords were "reduced to below average wealth" (Wood and McManus, 1998) as they lost their land, money, grain, tools and animals. Because of the newfound equality (landlords had less, rich peasants remained rich) between all peasants, one could say the peasants were generally happy with the CCP. ...read more.

Middle

(Encyclopedia of Nations, 2008, China Industry). The FYP also reduced the inflation rate to 15% in 1951. These statistics show that the situation in China was improving; however it is not specific to the life of the peasants. After the success of the Five Year Plan, and China's apparent slow advance forward, one would assume this trend to continue on and fulfill its aim to catch China up with the rest of the world. Unfortunately, Mao's initial steps of the Great Leap Forward resulted in major steps backwards for China. Source 2 takes place during the end of the Five Year Plan, and the beginning of the Great Leap Forward, 1958. The source reveals the fabrication and lies that became routine in the countryside. The people wanted so desperately to impress Chairman Mao, so the officials set higher standards for the agricultural output, in turn; the following offer would improve on this output. The source illustrates that the peasants after being tortured say they will reach ridiculous and unrealistic amount of jin per mu. Being impossible, the standards were never reached by the peasants; and consequently, the officials would lie to the CCP. ...read more.

Conclusion

Taking the author into consideration, there is obviously room for bias in the extract, thus other sources would have to support this source and its' content in order for a historian to create a thesis of the impacts of the Great Leap Forward. Moreover, in 1958, Jung Chang was only six years old; this meaning her first person narrative derives from accounts of her mother and grandmother. Another fault of the source is the period it is referring to. Yes it is reflecting the events of 1958, which in theory is the Great Leap Forward, in contrary; this is merely the beginning of the plan, as it lasted until 1963. One cannot accurately predict the exact path of the Great Leap Forward after this one year, thus the source is reduced to being a secondary source. These flaws are the limitations of the source. The source could serve as additional research to a historian to support the facts of other primary sources discussing the initial stages of the Great Leap Forward. Still, Source 2 is not very useful to a historian aiming to research the overall impacts of the whole Great Leap Forward from 1958-1963 upon the people of China. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Wars frequently begin ten years before the first shot is fired. To what extent ...

    The Agidir crisis worsened relations between Britain and Germany and the next two years witnessed the height of the Anglo-German arms race. The arms race was a paradigm of using military strength to gauge a nation's strength, which led to an inevitable race between the two alliances and thus increased tension.

  2. Impact of Castro's Rule

    The U.S. controlled imports and export, and created an economy based solely upon the sugar crop - stripping the Cubans of their vital food crops. However, Castro pulled away form this influence, and soon after took up ties with the USSR, America's rival.

  1. Interwar Years: 1919-39

    The Ruhr Crisis Chronology * Twice, in 1920 and 1921, the Germans defaulted on payments and France sent in troops to occupy several towns in the Ruhr. * On both occasions, French intervention had received reluctant approval from Britain. * The Reparations Commission arrived at a figure of �6.6 billion in April 1921.

  2. Mao Zedong and the Education(TM)s changes in the People's Republic of China

    - The Red Guard Terror The Red Guard was a movement whose members in general were young people. Most of them were students or pupils who believed in and venerated Mao Zedong. Its ideals were basically to replace the traditional China and to create a new and modern society,

  1. Can the period between 1924-1929 really be called the Golden period for the Weimar ...

    Thus, the issue of the traditional way of being ruled under an authoritarian government began to rise, which historians like A J P Taylor thought was a reason to the rise of support for Hitler. The Weimar Republic being the first democracy Germany ever had was a big change for the Germans.

  2. To what extent was William Is conquest and rule of England due to force?

    This reinforced his "legal" claim to Edward the Confessors throne and combined with his Itinerant Kingship where he moved from place to place, increasing his control and establishing his rule, William became more popular as he was able to gain respect from the public, and, subtly change the government causing as little uprising against him as possible.

  1. Mao and China Revision Guide

    Racial Attitudes and Nationalist Attitudes Opposition: Perceived threats and method for overcoming opposition Within the party, opposing his violent methods * Mao invites Criticism * Early in 1957: 'Let a hundred flowers bloom, let a hundred schools of thought contend' * party members criticized CCP on the grounds of corruption, inefficiency and lack of realism.

  2. Notes on the history of Communist China

    purge communists 1. What would be the appeal of Chiang?s govt to the people? 1. How did Chiang decide to deal with the Communists? Why? 1. decided to purge communists - massacre in Shanghai 2. did not want to rule the peasantry 3.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work