• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The first years of the Peoples Republic of China under the CCP rule 1949-1958

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Topic: The first years of the People's Republic of China under the CCP rule 1949-1958 I agree with this statement to a certain extent, I believe the changes the CCP initiated in the years 1949-1958, prior to the commencement of the Great Leap Forward, were in fact, beneficial to China as a whole nation, but however, were not of benefit to the peasant's life specifically. This stance can be supported through the success of the Five Year Plan, the contradictions of Land Reform, and the primary stages of the Great Leap Forward. In 1950, Mao was planning a campaign designed specifically for the peasants; Land reform. Land Reform had great potential for the peasants. It advertised the annihilation of the cruel landlord class, and an overall better life. With Land Reform, landlords were "reduced to below average wealth" (Wood and McManus, 1998) as they lost their land, money, grain, tools and animals. Because of the newfound equality (landlords had less, rich peasants remained rich) between all peasants, one could say the peasants were generally happy with the CCP. ...read more.

Middle

(Encyclopedia of Nations, 2008, China Industry). The FYP also reduced the inflation rate to 15% in 1951. These statistics show that the situation in China was improving; however it is not specific to the life of the peasants. After the success of the Five Year Plan, and China's apparent slow advance forward, one would assume this trend to continue on and fulfill its aim to catch China up with the rest of the world. Unfortunately, Mao's initial steps of the Great Leap Forward resulted in major steps backwards for China. Source 2 takes place during the end of the Five Year Plan, and the beginning of the Great Leap Forward, 1958. The source reveals the fabrication and lies that became routine in the countryside. The people wanted so desperately to impress Chairman Mao, so the officials set higher standards for the agricultural output, in turn; the following offer would improve on this output. The source illustrates that the peasants after being tortured say they will reach ridiculous and unrealistic amount of jin per mu. Being impossible, the standards were never reached by the peasants; and consequently, the officials would lie to the CCP. ...read more.

Conclusion

Taking the author into consideration, there is obviously room for bias in the extract, thus other sources would have to support this source and its' content in order for a historian to create a thesis of the impacts of the Great Leap Forward. Moreover, in 1958, Jung Chang was only six years old; this meaning her first person narrative derives from accounts of her mother and grandmother. Another fault of the source is the period it is referring to. Yes it is reflecting the events of 1958, which in theory is the Great Leap Forward, in contrary; this is merely the beginning of the plan, as it lasted until 1963. One cannot accurately predict the exact path of the Great Leap Forward after this one year, thus the source is reduced to being a secondary source. These flaws are the limitations of the source. The source could serve as additional research to a historian to support the facts of other primary sources discussing the initial stages of the Great Leap Forward. Still, Source 2 is not very useful to a historian aiming to research the overall impacts of the whole Great Leap Forward from 1958-1963 upon the people of China. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Impact of Castro's Rule

    A deal made that ensured sugar cane was still grown and cropped for the use of the USSR, and that the USSR still imported it. This stabilised the economic income and provided a basis upon which Castro could fund other projects taking place.

  2. Mao Zedong and the Education(TM)s changes in the People's Republic of China

    - The Red Guard Terror The Red Guard was a movement whose members in general were young people. Most of them were students or pupils who believed in and venerated Mao Zedong. Its ideals were basically to replace the traditional China and to create a new and modern society,

  1. Interwar Years: 1919-39

    The Ruhr Crisis Chronology * Twice, in 1920 and 1921, the Germans defaulted on payments and France sent in troops to occupy several towns in the Ruhr. * On both occasions, French intervention had received reluctant approval from Britain. * The Reparations Commission arrived at a figure of �6.6 billion in April 1921.

  2. Can the period between 1924-1929 really be called the Golden period for the Weimar ...

    There was a lack in trust in the government for they were seen as working in favour of the Allied powers especially with Stresemann making peace pacts with their 'enemies' and even through the paying of reparations. This can be seen during the disarmament period starting in 1926 with the Kellogg-Brian Pact.

  1. To what extent was William Is conquest and rule of England due to force?

    Other laws enforcing his rule were the prevention of other religions other than Christianity- this would have enhanced his claim to the throne through 'holy war' and therefore enhance his kingship as a whole. These combined with many other laws, although forced, were also for the benefit of the nation:

  2. Mao and China Revision Guide

    Racial Attitudes and Nationalist Attitudes Opposition: Perceived threats and method for overcoming opposition Within the party, opposing his violent methods * Mao invites Criticism * Early in 1957: 'Let a hundred flowers bloom, let a hundred schools of thought contend' * party members criticized CCP on the grounds of corruption, inefficiency and lack of realism.

  1. Hittites : The Warrior Peoples

    In a time when everyone used bronze for their weapons, iron weaponry gave its possessors a great advantage. Despite this advantage, however, the bulk of the Hittite army was made up of mounted troops and chariots, from which archers fought.

  2. Notes on the history of Communist China

    Sun had gone South and had also decided that it was necessary to repel foreigners - decides to cooperate with CCP - create a United Front 5. Russia supplied military advisers and financial assistance - military academy was established - commandant was Chiang Kai-shek - had close family connections to Sun 6.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work