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The French Revolution. Second Storming of the Tuileries 1792 - Significance & Historiography

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Introduction

The Storming of the Tuileries Palace 1792 c) Using the illustration and your knowledge, explain the significance of the fourth revolutionary journee to an understanding of the new regime. On the 10th of August 1792 a second attack was launched upon the Tuileries, resulting in the deaths of approximately 500 Swiss guards and 300 defenders. This painting is essentially a recount of the event, placing emphasis on the sheer brutality of the sans-culottes and the overwhelming force that they were. The second attack on the Tuileries had the significance of shifting the control and power over France from the bourgeois national assembly to the popular revolutionary movement. ...read more.

Middle

Thus, the crowd became more aware of the power insurrection held and no longer did the majority of the revolutionary crowd have any support for the King or a constitutional monarchy. d) Explain the usefulness of the illustration in understanding the role of the revolutionary crowd in the period from June 1791 to January 1793. In your response refer to different views of the period. This painting, depicting the storming of the Tuileries Palace in 1792, shows the revolutionary crowd as an overwhelming force that the Swiss Guards and defenders of the palace had no chance in defeating. ...read more.

Conclusion

Revisionist historian Simon Schama has a similar contention; stating that the revolutionary crowd played a significant role, but only in pushing the Revolution on through violence and their "brutality". Michael Adcock's opinion on the revolutionary crowd contrasts heavily with that of Schama's. He states that "... no historian can justify the terrible brutality of the September Massacres...", but goes on to explain that the forces that drove the crowd made them lash out in fear and anxiety, not of brutishness or pure cruelty. Because this painting does not have any sort of contention to it and is basically retelling the event, it is a useful source in understanding the role and power of the revolutionary crowd during the period of June 1791 to January 1793. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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