The French Revolution was directed by the middle class. How valid is this comment on the French Revolution?
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History Essay The French Revolution was directed by the middle class. How valid is this comment on the French Revolution? Topic: French Revolution Area of Study: French Revolution is directed by the middle class Evaluation: How valid? Introduction The French Revolution happened in 1789 was a great event that give impact to the modern society. When studying the roots and causes of the revolution, it was said that the revolution was directed by the middle class. This statement is controversial as there are many different kinds of view by the historian. Although there are many views but it can be categorize into two groups. First the revolution was directed by the middle class and second the revolution was directed by the commoners of France. Supposition Some historian strongly support that the French Revolution was directed by the middle class. They based on the evidence that this people of the middle class are educated. They are able to understand the condition and the development of the nation. Therefore they can contribute in idea in politic and this made them the natural leader as the middles class is the majority in the society. They started to question, challenging the government, the ancient regime on rational because of the unequal and unfairness.
The middle class certainly brought about the French Revolution that affects Europe. Challenging Other historians do not share this view. They said French Revolution could have been sparked by the middle class but it was wrong to say them was responsible for the revolution. This historian said that the revolution was brought by the people of France. This commoner suffer from unfair and discrimination from the government. It is proven that the people of France in general have been suffering for centuries. In 1788, when the king, Louis XVI decided to open the estates general, this people decide to speak up their problems in this occasion. People wanted a change to the government, wanted the reform. When they found out that the king is unkind to them, and realize the king is gathering army to crush them, they take on one significant action that is to storm the Bastille. They thought the Bastilles have the food and supply that can be used to protect themselves. The storming of the Bastilles is the symbol of the beginning of the French Revolution. It was not the middle class that who lead the people to storm the Bastilles.
But it turns radical and uncontrollable for a period. My point of view is the middles class did direct the revolution, they direct in politic. French society underwent an epic transformation as feudal, aristocratic and religious privileges evaporated under a sustained assault from left-wing political groups and the masses on the streets. Old ideas about hierarchy and tradition succumbed to new Enlightenment principles of citizenship and inalienable rights. The middles class wanted the new society that is fair and they will become the new leader of the new birth France. Members of the Third Estate which the middle class are in great number proclaimed the Tennis Court Oath in June, the assault on the Bastille was done in July, the passage of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen in August, and an epic march on Versailles that forced the royal court back to Paris in October. All this are the key event in the French Revolution, and the shadow and figures of middle class can be seen in all of these. Middle class is the blooming class of the society at that time and they are the one that strongly supporting the French revolution and therefore can be said that they directed the revolution.
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