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The History and Development of the American Dream

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Introduction

´╗┐Contents 1. Introduction 1. The term ?American Dream? 1. Historical Background 1. Popularization of the American Dream 1. Present-day American Dream 1. Conclusion Introduction It has become a custom nowadays that the USA nowadays has turned into the first-rate provider of goods to the cultural market of the planet. The seeds of the New World?s culture have begun to appear on the Eurasian soil since the USA started to gain power in the military and geographical spheres. The goals and values that used to be unknown have now become cult ones. One of them is the widely known American Dream. Due to its incredible popularity the American Dream seems to be one-sided aspiration for success, respected social status and material well-being. People in this country are believed to follow this very general list of desirable and forget about spiritual development of a personality. By the way, this is one of the weakest points in the American dream and the one that it is mostly criticized for. Sozobe (Phoenix's "Ideological Conformity") said: "Cultures that have faced extermination in one way or another are especially sensitive to this. If there is a sense that the culture could die out because of outside influences, there is even more resistance to the idea of the culture being diluted and possibly dying out through the actions of people who are "supposed" to be protecting that culture. Over the last 30 years or so it seems we've shifted. Instead of people of different ethnic groups coming to the US and everyone picking up little bits and pieces of the various cultures we've fragmented. Instead of a melting pot we seem to have become more of a mosaic. Groups still come to the US but they seem to retain their own cultural identity and the "melting in" seems to be discouraged instead of encouraged. The Irish, Germans, Polish, etc.. of earlier generations always maintained a large part of their cultural heritage but they seemed to overcome that and accept being a part of the larger whole. ...read more.

Middle

Roosevelt’s and especially Wilson’s version of manifest destiny rejected expansionism and saw the new “mission” of America to be the leader of the free world in the name of democracy Today manifest destiny only describes a past era in American history and is often criticized as being the cause of American imperialism Popularization of the American Dream The USA has always been popularizing its dreams and ideals. In many respects, they succeeded owing to Hollywood, the development of the film industry, the improvement of instruments for making and receiving images and some other accidental or special factors. As a result of all the attempts on «projecting» images to the world the American dreams appeared as highly pleasant and attractive shells whose inner content, though, was forgotten to be taken care of. At first these pictures were a kind of visiting cards of American life, and the Americans did hope to share their values with others by means of such images. The development of various additional options of filming evoked the desire to make the image of America not only educational but also entertaining so that it would astonish others with the possible prospects and promises of the American dreams. Therefore the image began to improve itself in compliance with laws of perception. Its brilliance, simplicity and allurement had intensified in so much that the Americans at home started to believe that their Dream was a house with a green lawn, and work in a large city and a separate office in a successful company. Splendour and charm of megapolis and youth surrounded by luxury, or peace of the suburb and sweet serenity of a domestic idyll — that is how the new Dream looked like even for Americans. The images directed toward foreign countries were being applied at home in the USA to all its citizens. For every piece of the American Dream inlay there was a product, screen character or any other thing of the three-dimensional world. ...read more.

Conclusion

The American Dream should mean the right of the individual to become wealthy. Although the second paragraph of the Amercan Declaration of Independence from 1776, states that ?all men are created equal?, it does not say, nor even suggest, that they should remain equal. So while equality of rights and equality of opportunity are in theory at least fundamental values of American life, social equality is not. Blacks and Hispanics do not have the same opportunities as white people. If you are a young person, with black or hispanic origine, born to a sinlge mother living somewhere in a urban gettho, it is more than probable that your dreams will never be more than dreams. Americans have a tradition of respect and consideration for material wealth and success, and for those who do well and become rich. just as long as their wealth is a result of hard work or successful business operations. Slogans that are characteristic for the American Dream and people, who get it, keep the Dream alive. Horace Greeley?s famous exhortation ?Go West, young man? was an encouragement for people to go out and find new wealth and create prosperity, by becoming land owners and house owners in the New America. The set phrase ?from a dishwasher to a millionaire? has became sombolic of many immigrants, and of course Americans, who make their dream come true. The best example is Arnold Schwarzenegger. He grow up in a little village in Austria. When he was fifteen he discovered his love for body-building. With daily hard work and strong enthusiasm he won several times the title ?Mr. Olympia? and ?Mr. Universum?. One day, he made the decision to migrate in ?the country with the unequalled possibilties?.His film career started with the movie ?Pumping Iron". Today he is not only a very excellent businessman, but also the gouverneur of California. Literature 1.The American Patriot?s Handbook, Omaha, Nebraska, USA, 1997 2.A Fondness for Ice Water, ABrief Introduction to the USA, AFS Intercultural Programs, 1984 3. Focus on the USA, T.Cox, Prentice Hall, 1998 4. Businessweek magazine, 1998 http://www.businessweek.com/1998/42/b3600013.htm 5. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Dream ...read more.

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