• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Importance of Naval Warfare in World War One

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How important was naval warfare in World War One? World War One, or the Great War, was first sparked off in 1914 by the assassination of Archduke Frank Ferdinand. The war lasted 4 years, and ended in late 1918. Land warfare was the dominating factor in WWI. Trench warfare, tanks, gas attacks and heavy artillery reigned supreme during this period. However, there were different styles of warfare that were crucial to WW1 and made up the very essence of the war. In this essay, I shall be focusing on Naval Warfare in particular, and the difference it made in the outcome of the war. I will also be exploring the different ways in which the navy was used and the extent to which these helped make an impact in the war. The concept of naval warfare was first introduced into the war when Britain and Germany started to compete against each other to build their navy. Britain's geographical position in the world gave it a strong advantage against enemy invasion. However, Britain's isolation meant that she required on trades and imports to sustain her economy and her people. ...read more.

Middle

The Germans tried to capture British army by luring them with the smaller squadrons then surrounding them with the German High Seas Fleet (GHSF). However, Britain got wind of this and soon the entire BRF was deployed against Germany. This battle resulted in 2500 casualties for the Germans and 6000 casualties for the British. Though the Germans might have had a tactical victory, in the long-run, Britain emerged as the true victor. Britain's strategic victory left her with sole control of the North Sea. This victory helped shaped much of the outcome of the war, owing to the fact that, if Britain had lost, they would've faced a major threat of isolation and invasion from Germany, and might've had all trade supplies cut off. U-Boats formed a crucial part of Germany's naval army. The main weapon of the U-Boat was its torpedo. The torpedo could be launched while the submarine was submerged, and therefore gave it a huge advantage over its enemies. However, this unfair advantage made other neutral countries repellent towards the idea of U-Boats, and was intensified when Berlin declared an "Unrestricted submarine" policy, which stated that within the war zone the Germans had declared around the British Isles, the U-Boats would be authorized to attack merchant ships. ...read more.

Conclusion

From May- Dec 1917, German submarines sank a total of 500 British merchant ships, worth 2400000 tons altogether. As a result of this, the British decided to introduce the convoy system. In 1917- 1918, the first convoy system was introduced. The convoy system was a method in which merchant ships traveled in formation. They were escorted by warships, destroyers, trawlers- which would detect submarines, destroyers and other ships. Using the convoy system, the supply imports were under a higher guarantee and protection. It was important that the exports got across as the British were highly reliant on imported food. In June 1917, 16539 ships were escorted in convoy, of which only 154 were torpedoed. In conclusion, naval warfare influenced much of the outcome of the war. From Jutland, to the U-Boats, to the Blockade- all of these events were key contributing factors that greatly influenced WW1. Without these incidents, the Blockade in particular, the war might've still dragged on, until both sides came to a stalemate, and the people would've just had their suffering prolonged. Therefore, in my opinion, naval warfare was an important and integral part of WW1, and ultimately, had a hand in shaping the Great War we now know today. ?? ?? ?? ?? 16/03/09 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. The cold war - the conferences and the start of the cCold War

    in the audience at Westminster College, Fulton Missouri - There was the idea that the iron curtain should not be allowed to expand 3) The British and American interpretation of Soviet Policy in Eastern Europe was as follows; a. In most countries, a three phase policy of infiltration and control i.

  2. COLD WAR ESSAY

    However, the Russian made similar allegations about Greece. Also, at Potsdam Truman had informed Stalin that the United States had the atomic bomb, and it had been tested successfully. Thus, the USSR was no longer in need to defeat the Japanese. The United States would make decisions alone regarding Japan.

  1. cause of WW1

    between Britain with naval race, but not as much as other factors. Another factor that took a part in militarism was the war plan. Before the war broke out, Germany was worrying about the future war. The reason was because Germany was surrounded by Russia and France, who were not in the same alliance as Germany.

  2. The Impact of the Manhattan Project on the Cold War

    power to be produced by a chain reaction and that, by harnessing this power; the construction of extremely powerful bombs was a possibility. Einstein believed the German government was actively supporting research in this area and urged the United States government to do likewise.

  1. What was the impact of military technology in the First World War? Discuss (i) ...

    Guns, machines and howitzers were produced for warfare. The Navy was also made stronger by the production of submarines, under sea booten and torpedo's. Also in April 1915, there was an introduction to poisonous gas which was greatly used during the course of the war.

  2. World War I, a Total War

    A shortage of gasoline made it difficult to operate tractors, and a shortage of coal hindered the operation of grain threshers. Additional pressure on the food supply came from the country's huge army. French soldiers at the front required a diet that included 11 ounces of meat daily."

  1. Comparing Trench Warfare and Blitzkrieg

    The trench system is divided into frontline, support line, communication trench, and (back-ups). The frontline is the main battling part in trench warfare, it is the ?firing and attacking trench? (In the Trenches). Meanwhile, the frontline fight against opposing side, few several miles back, there is the support line.

  2. Extended Essay - The Role of a UN-Secretary General to Achieve World Peace: The ...

    of non-aggression against his country.[23] U Thant took full advantage of this communist propaganda to form a feasible solution in the crisis; pressing on a deal for exchanging the American invasion of Cuba with dismantling its missile sites.[24] The Secretary-General had used a brilliant tactic to turn the Cubans back on their words.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work