• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The League of Nations was a failure. How far do you agree with this statement? Explain your answer.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

'The League of Nations was a failure'. How far do you agree with this statement? Explain your answer. [Paper 1, (c), /8] In the 1920s and 1930s, the League demonstrated that it can be both successful and a failure. In my opinion, overall, the League was more of a failure. The League certainly has a number of failures. First of all, the League didn't command its own army, thus it had to rely on member countries to contribute troops. In cases where the member countries were reluctant to send troops, the League would be rendered helpless; for example, at Vilna in 1920, the League was not able to stop the takeover of Vilna by the Poles, as the French didn't want to upset Poland (they saw Poland as a possible ally) and the British were not prepared to act alone. Secondly, the Corfu incident wasn't fully successful, as there were many loopholes in the League's actions. For example, although Italy withdrew from Corfu (violence was altogether prevented), Greece had to pay them compensation and apologise, even though it wasn't Greece's fault that Tellini and his team were killed. ...read more.

Middle

After the events unfolded, the League made up excuses to cover up its inadequacy in dealing with the Manchurian Crisis; the League said that Japan was so far away, that it was a special case, and that Japan did have a point when it said that China was itself in the grip of anarchy. We can agree that the League was powerless if a strong nation decided to pursue an aggressive policy and invade its neighbours. The Disarmament Conference in 1932 produced resolutions to prohibit bombing of civilian populations, limit the size of artillery, limit the tonnage of tanks and prohibit chemical waste. However, there was very little to show how these limits would be achieved, for example, bombing was prohibited but there was no attempt at abolishing planes capable of bombing. Moreover, Germany complained that it was the only country which had disarmed and wanted for all countries to disarm to its level; when the Conference failed to agree to the principle of 'equality', the Germans walked out. ...read more.

Conclusion

On the other hand, the League was quite successful in some of its operations. The League allowed for member countries to voice their opinions in the Assembly. At the Aaland Islands in 1921, Sweden and Finland wanted control of the Aaland Islands - they appealed for the League's help and accepted the League's ruling, so war was avoided. Another example can be Upper Silesia in 1921, when both Germany and Poland wanted control of the industrial region. In 1920, a plebiscite was organised for the Silesians to vote on which country they wished to join, and French and British troops were sent to keep order at the polling booths. The League used the results from the poll to divide the region, but built in many safeguards to prevent future disputes - violence was avoided. Bulgaria (1925) was successful to an extent, as violence was avoided and the aggressive country did leave from the country they invaded. The League had a number of commissions and committees that were set up to improve people's living and working conditions around the world. ?? ?? ?? ?? Mai Pham Thanh 11D 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Free essay

    May the League of Nations be considered a complete failure? Answer this question and ...

    On the other hand though, even if the international organization was mainly a product of what had once been American beliefs and politics, the United States refused to join the League and also rejected the agreements which had been made at Versailles, choosing to revert to a policy of isolation and preserve their own affairs.

  2. Wars frequently begin ten years before the first shot is fired. To what extent ...

    Also, Adrianople was returned back to its original owner, the Ottomans. The Balkan wars eliminated the Ottoman Empire from Europe and also established a frail but independent Albanian state. The conclusion of the Second Balkan war resulted in Greece, Montenegro and Serbia renewing their attempts to further their own interests in the expanse of Albania.

  1. The League of Nations - Although the League of Nations had several successes, it ...

    Senate's refusal. The absence of a super power, such as the United States, led the League of Nations to a failure step by step. As a result, France and Great Britain became the leaders of the League. They were not competent enough to manage the League and they had other priorities.

  2. To what extent was Johnsons presidency (1963-69) a failure?

    Meanwhile, the opposition was growing, along with several critics, on the right, who argued that his aims for the programmes were much too expensive, failed to produce the results that were wanted and created an inefficient bureaucracy. On the other hand, the critics on the left were arguing about the best way to achieve Johnson's goals.

  1. Terrorism is very hard to define; there is no single universally accepted definition for ...

    All those that appeared to be against the revolution were executed. One of the biggest acts of terrorism was the Dier Yassin massacre. The Deir Yassin massacre took place on April 9, 1948, when around 120 fighters from the Irgun Zevai Leumi and other Jewish groups attacked Deir Yassin near Jerusalem, a Palestinian-Arab village of roughly 600 people.

  2. Ancient Greece revision notes

    to be was the one which was formally most kept out of sight. The growth of the power of Athens and the alarm which this inspired in Sparta, made war inevitable? Prometheus * PROMETHEUS was the Titan god of forethought and crafty counsel who was entrusted with the task of moulding mankind out of clay.

  1. Was the League of Nations doomed to fail?

    important information from a wide range of industries all over the world, and therefore was helping to solve the international communication problem, the combating of which was one of the League?s major objectives. Other pivotal work included the Health Organisation which was crucial to medicinal development, designed specialist hospitals and increased health education.

  2. Hitlers control and organization of the Nazi State was less successful than is commonly ...

    where people could hear Hitler's nationalist and anti-Semitic speeches. By 1941, two thirds of Germans owned a radio. Goebbels also succeeded in controlling the film industry where anything anti-Nazi was strictly forbidden. Some of the most famous movies produced under the Nazi regime were Olympia (1938)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work