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The Long March was a military retreat undertaken by the Red Army of the Communist Party of China to evade the pursuit of the Goumindang

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?Rans Nadir The Long March The Long March was a military retreat undertaken by the Red Army of the Communist Party of China to evade the pursuit of the Goumindang, or Chinese Nationalist Party, army. After the Shanghai purge the two sides became brutal enemies. Now there were many communist in the hills especially in the Jiangxi province where they were led by Mao Zedong. They had great support their too as many peasants found themselves owning land and they were being treated with great respect by the Red Army. However Chiang Kai-shek wanted them gone so he launched five ?extermination campaigns? starting in 1930. ...read more.


Braun’s idea was a full-scale retreat from Jiangxi starting in October 1934 with a push for a communist base in Hunan.  The Red Army started the Long March carrying whatever it could. 87,000 soldiers started the retreat carrying items such as typewriters, furniture, printing presses etc. Also 33,000 guns and 1.8 million ammunition cartridges. It took the Red Army 40 days to get through the blockhouses but no sooner had they done this than they were attacked at Xiang by the Guomindang. The Red Army lost 45,000 men. It was blamed on Braun’s bad strategy, they were carrying too much which was slowing them down but also in a straight line making it easy to predict. ...read more.


The journey was extremely hard as the Red Army had to cross the very high Snowy Mountains, and the Chinese Grassland which was an area of deep marshes. The Red Army did not only have to fight the Guomindand, but also local warlords. By October 1935, the Red Army soldiers reached their goal of Yanan, marching over 9000 kilometres. Less than 10,000 men had survived the march taking 368 days. However, when the 2nd and 4th armies reached Yunan, they combined with the communist troops there to form a fighting strength of 80,000 which still made it a strong force against the Guomindang. The Long March was very good for Mao and the CCP. He was now the outright leader of the party, the communists had retreated very far and now had time to regroup and regain their strength. ...read more.

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