• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Meiji Restoration. he Meiji Restoration saw the fast modernization and westernization of Japan. By sending many Japanese scholars and politicians to Europe and North America to study the western system and technologies; reforming domestic backward fe

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Meiji Restoration -- ???? #Background# - In the mid-nineteenth century of Asia, Japan was dominated by the last shogunate - Tokugawa shogunate. The ruler of Japan, Tokugawa Ieyasu, had worried deeply that if the European might to conquer his country. To "protect" the territory, the Tokugawa shogunate decided to isolate Japan from the western countries. For nearly 200 years, foreign trade was almost prohibited except for several Chinese, Korea and Dutch ships which only could be allowed at Nagasaki once per year. The Christianity was absolutely outlawed at all whether you were a Japanese or foreigner. All the missionaries, merchants and common people from the western countries were forced to leave by the shogunate. However, during the same period, a cottage industry and a handicraft workshop had started to grow up in.some economically developed regions of Japan. The "employment system" appeared in some workshops firstly and became the formation of the capitalist production system. The appearance of this, had strongly impacted on the nature economy which was under a feudalism system for a long time as well as undermine the rule of the shogunate radically. As the form of commodity economy was in a rapid expansion, the merchant class of the country, especially the one who worked in a financial industry had a gradually increase in their strength and influence power. ...read more.

Middle

Others / Abolished these checkpoints which were set up by Daimyos; cancelled the guild system and the monopoly organization in business community. Purpose To compete with the western countries, to promote the industry and through the development of capitalism as a way to promote national modernization. * Military: Policy Date Content Nationwide conscription 1872 Mandated that all male over the age of 20 would serve in the army. 3-year general service, and reserve service for 2 years. In army / Reformed the establishment of the army units, which was refered to the German training for the Army, the Navy training to the United Kingdom's. ??? 1876 Prohibited people, with the exception of the military and law enforcement officials, from carrying weapons in public. Others / Carried out militarism and the spirit of Bushido. Purpose To increase the military strength which is the foundation underlying all our efforts to build the country. * Education: Policy Date Content ???????? 1890 A guide on students' behaviours, they were required to sticked to the following principles: 1. Furthermore advance public good and promote common interests. 2. Always respect the Constitution and observe the laws. 3. Should emergency arise, offer yourselves courageously to the State. 4. Guard and maintain the prosperity of Our Imperial Throne coeval with heaven and earth. Compulsory education / Carried out compulsory education. ...read more.

Conclusion

By defeating these two former powerful coutries - the Qing Empire and Tsarist Russia, it showed itself as a growing world power to the westerns. The victory against Russia was the especially shocking to them as it was the first time that an Asian nation had defeated a European power in war. On the other hand, although the Meiji government brought Japan a huge development, it was still a fact that because they were always focus on how the nation can become stronger in the shortest time, there were a number of problems left as a result. Like too much power for the Emperor; the one who was born in a family with fief always hold political powers; land annexation was still serious and so on problems which were difficult to solve. The influence of these problems was also one of the reasons that made Japan expanse their territories later. In all, the Meiji Restoration is was great event which led Japan to the world firstly and turned it to be a much more stronger country than before. Because as there are so many complex factors during the restoration, we can not judge if it was positive or negative to the whole world. But there is no debut that the Meiji Restoration is not only a political change of system, but also a real cultural revolution. Reference: ???? - http://baike.baidu.com/view/22062.htm#4 Japan Rerference - http://www.jref.com/glossary/meiji_restoration.shtml applet-magic.com - http://www.sjsu.edu/faculty/watkins/meiji.htm Encyclopedia - http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Meiji_restoration.aspx The Meiji Restoration - http://cla.calpoly.edu/~mriedlsp/history315/MeijiText.html Name: Nancy Tang From: Class 2 grade 10 Student Number: 2010205 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. To what extent did the Prague spring weaken Moscow(TM)s hold over Czechoslovakia, and Eastern ...

    to its fullest extent for the people Czechoslovakia had been deprived of their rights for such a long period of time. 1 Kusin, Vladimir V. The Intellectual Origins of the Prague Spring : The Development of Reformist Ideas in Czechoslovakia 1956-1967.

  2. Thinking Through Qin Shihuang and His Empire. The emperor Qin Shihuang, also called the ...

    In this website, the author indicated every details of how Qin Shihuang conquered and unified each small state. This website is built by China Culture Organization, but it does not show who is the author, and also does not mention how he/she gets these information.

  1. Why was Meiji Modernization successful?

    Therefore many of their domains were having financial problems, thus by abolishing the domains, the court could have more centralized power and it would be more effective for the government to rule. The creation of a National Army was implemented by conscription; all able-bodied men regardless of social background would be made to serve the army.

  2. Was the Silk Road instrumental in bringing the compass and gunpowder to Europe prior ...

    Aczel, back cover). Being a professor and a scientific writer, this author focuses on interpreting solid and diverse primary and secondary evidence in a clear way. The book examines different opinions, investigates both sides of the history of the compass, and determines which one is more scientific and believable.

  1. Evaluating the effect of Cnadian internment camps for those of Japanese descent during WW2.

    in October of 1940, 2000 men over the age of 16 were sent to road camps, while 1800 were sent away to reestablishment camps which were often in secluded locations without communication to their families * Under the War Time Measures Act the government was legally able to imprison any

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Kerensky and Milyukov supported this. 3. Bad decision, some officers were prepared to continue but the troops did not want to fight anymore. 4. Knox ?the officer at once became the enemy?type of master in military uniform. To the average Russian peasant his country was a hovel on the

  1. Outline the reasons for the rise of Chinese Nationalism after 1919. Discuss the impact ...

    Protests similar to the one in Beijing sparked all across China in the large cities, notably Shangai, Wuhan and Tianjin, and eventually they resulted in a general strike, leading to the Chinese delegation flat out refusing to sign the treaty.

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    Mohamed Heikal: "A clash of arms btw the British... and the forces of Arab nationalism [Nasser]... can be seen to be inevitable." US and USSR both threaten Israel and Britain to stop war, threaten "every kind of modem destructive weapon" (USSR); US threaten withdrawal of a $1 billion IMF loan to Britain.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work