• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The outbreak of the First World War

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Thesis statement: The war was premeditated by the 'Central powers' (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire), un-avoided and accepted by the allied powers (Russia, France, Italy, Britain, Portugal and Greece) and the result of acts deliberately committed in order to make it unavoidable. Body German Responsibility Topic sentence: A.J.P Taylor and F.Fischer: Germany deliberately engineered the war in pursuit of expansionist aims which were really a prelude to the designs of Hitler. * An assumption of basic German liability * Criticism of the negative policies of the Allies * Broader survey of the whole system of alliances and war schedules. * Germany didn't feel certain of her allies, and didn't want to be isolated amidst hostile neighbors. * As a result of this dilemma, Bethmann Hollweg decided on a 'diagonal' policy. * He decided to encourage Austrian government after Sarajevo to take military action against Serbia so that war would break out & Germany would smash the Entente with the Schlieffen plan. ...read more.

Middle

* The tone of ultimatum antagonized most of Europe, even Ally Italy who said "Austria has plainly shown that she means to provoke a war..." Russia's Responsibility Topic sentence: Germany may, in collusion with Austria-Hungary, have precipitated the war, but the Allied powers did little to avoid it. * Russia and France were willing to accept the challenge. * Russia had Austrophobia since the Bosnian crisis of 1908 * Tsar identified Russian diplomacy with expansionism. * According to memorandum by Sazanov, a conference held by the Tsar on 8th February produced a consensus that a general European war was likely because of collapse of Turkey and Austro-Serb conflict. * Mobilization plans were prepared to give confidence to Russian General Staff. * There was constant pressure from the General staff to blind civilian leadership to Russia's military weaknesses. * As a result, Russia was the 1st of the major powers to undergo general mobilization. ...read more.

Conclusion

* This was because as an imperial power, Britain didn't want to be involved in a continental struggle. * By 4th August, Liberal gov. made a direct commitment to intervene. Conclusion * Europe showing a willingness to rush into war was for three main reasons: * For years the powers had resentments and grievances, being accustomed to pushing claims in order to avoid diplomatic humiliation, which led them to pursue dangerous policies and a willingness to accept the risk of war. * The alliances can't be sufficient explanations for outbreak of war because they were defensive (i.e 1879 Dual Alliance), and the way the war broke out had little relation to treaty obligations (e.g. Russia had no contractual obligation to assist Serbia). * However, alliances did affect international relations (colonization) and contribute to the growth of tension in Europe in the decade before 1914. * Alliances had direct bearing on the arms race and development of military schedules. The Outbreak of the First World War Outline 10/13/10 6:30 PM 10/13/10 6:30 PM 10/13/10 6:30 PM ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Why were the central powers defeated in the First World War

    The problem was however is that Germany borders more land than it does by sea, therefore it can get resources from other neighboring countries so it was not as effective as blockading an island. Moreover maintaining a blockade is an expensive task.

  2. What Effect Did World War II have on Eastern Europe?

    Also during the time period that the communist party ruled, many theaters were opened throughout the country and some, like the National Theater of Bucharest, became national icons. Theater became popular with Romanians partly due to the fact that there was a lack of other entertainment venues.

  1. Wars frequently begin ten years before the first shot is fired. To what extent ...

    Germany's greed to keep Russia as an ally led to the Reinsurance Treaty of 1887. In 1890, Russia wanted to renew the Reinsurance Treaty. However, Germany refused. As a result, Russia had to look for a potential ally and thus it turned to France.

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Successful and the revolution was being planned by the end of April. Without Lenin?s speech this would never have happened. Believed in a hard core of disciplined cadres. 6. Lenin?s leadership inspired the masses to join the part and revolution.

  1. Assess the importance of Balkan Nationalism as a reason for the outbreak of the ...

    But Serbia, Greece, Turkey and Rumania defeated the Bulgarians. Which had consequences for the Second Balkan War (1913): Bulgaria was dissatisfied with its share of the spoils and wanted to have revenge on his former allies, Serbia and Greece. But Bulgaria lost again.

  2. Examine the Main Causes of the First World War

    Therefore, Russia joined the Triple Entente as a response to Kaiser Wilhelm II rejecting the treaty after Bismarck?s dismissal in 1890 as well as the French promise of an open market in 1894, Franco-Russian alliance. Therefore threatening an enemy with a militant response didn't ensure peace but only caused a

  1. To what extent did the Munich Conference contribute to the outbreak of World War ...

    Moreover, Britain was not prepared for a war with Germany ?Britain was unprepared for war. She had no draft, no Spitfires, no divisions ready to be sent to France? (Mandel and Buchanan). Hence, a peaceful solution was crucial for Great Britain.

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    - George Bush (Madrid Address): "Peace can not be imposed from the outside by the US or by anyone else." 1. Origins of tension The War of Independence (Israeli) or The Catastrophe (Palestinian) 1948 Background: - The UN. Special Commission on Palestine decided on a partition and voted for the plans in Nov.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work