• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The peace negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference are often interpreted as a struggle between proponents of reconciliation led by Woodrow Wilson and Llyod George against the ruthless advocates of peace of revenge represented by Gorges Clemenceau.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"The peace negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference are often interpreted as a struggle between proponents of reconciliation led by Woodrow Wilson and Llyod George against the ruthless advocates of peace of revenge represented by Gorges Clemenceau." To what extent do you agree with this statement? Bryson Ddaddah IB1A 10-06-2010 "Mr. Wilson bores me with his fourteen points," complained Clemenceau. "Why, God Almighty has only ten!"1 Gorges Clemenceau Following the heinous acts of the First World War that resulted in the death of over 8.5 million belligerents, the Paris Peace Conference (1919), of which involved diplomats from over 30 countries, was held in order to ensure that the world never again experienced such atrocities, and a lasting peace could once again be achieved like that following the Conference of Vienna (1814) which allowed Europe to experience almost a century's worth of sustainable peace. The conference did not seek solely to setting peace settlements for Germany but also the other Central Powers. The tremendous struggle between the Big Three (in reference to Britain, France and the USA) to agree upon some political, and economic clauses of the Treaty of Versailles, while their interests were either compromised or not met, has made some historians believe that two camps emerged during the conference; on one side, Woodrow Wilson and Lloyd George, and on the other, Gorge Clemenceau. ...read more.

Middle

France, being the region where the most fighting during the First World War occurred, had consequently suffered major physical damage and had lost over 1.3 million soldiers making not only their total casualties reaching nearly 3.2 million3, but also leaving in requirement of the most reconstruction of all the warring states. Clemenceau's hope that the German payments would cover the costs of reparations once again became a cause for disagreement. Though Wilson agreed that Germany should take responsibility, disagreements on which aspects the repayments should cover resulted in the postponement of the Reparations Commission to a later date (by May 1921 the Commission was expected to come up with a final concession). The Saar dispute, though it may seem to have simply been yet another territorial feud, was also another way for France to ensure that its wish for German economic decline was affirmed. Annexation of the Saar to the French would have resulted in her further empowerment as well as provided a basis for deeper resentment from Germany. Clemenceau therefore had no choice but to compromise on British and American decision that they should only attain control over Saar's coal mines and allow the League of Nations to mandate it for 15 years. ...read more.

Conclusion

Finally, Clemenceau was under pressure to restore France to its former glory and to insure that no future aggression from Germany would take place. By putting all these considerations in mind, one understands how easy it is to concede that "The peace negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference are often interpreted as a struggle between proponents of reconciliation led by Woodrow Wilson and Lloyd George against the ruthless advocates of peace of revenge represented by Gorges Clemenceau." The extent of the struggle and the frustrations that the leaders had can be accentuated by Clemenceau's statement that Wilson bores him with his 14 Points. Though this statement is to a great extent true, it is however not entirely true due to the fact that there were some factors on which the Big Three agreed on without much dispute such as the restoration of Alsace-Lorraine to France, the 'war guilt' clause, and the fact that none of the defeated states could have representatives in the peace settlements. In addition, the other disputes came to an accord though in some cases compromises had to be made. 1 Empire of debt: the rise of an epic financial crisis By William Bonner, Addison Wiggin 2 Norman Lowe 3 Britannica Ency. Page 987 vol. 29 4 Modern World History; Norman Lowe ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. The Treaty of Versailles vs. The Treaty of Vienna. Both the Congress of Vienna, ...

    [3] By doing so the victorious powers had expected balance of power and lasting peace in Europe. Since France was seen guilty for the Napoleonic Wars, the leaders were distributing French lands among each other and in this way they were punishing France.

  2. Bismarck's policies. While when he was Chancellor, Bismarcks main aim will have been to ...

    The Franco-Prussian war (19th July 1870- 19th May 1871) and the resulting Treaty of Frankfurt, were another success for Bismarck. He demonstrated to the rest of Europe Prussia's power and the German unity. Furthermore Prussia gained Alsace-Lorraine, which was a success for Bismarck as German nationalists had long seen the Alsace-Lorraine as being part of Germany.

  1. Lions Led By Donkeys

    2Many people still question Haig's idea of wanting to still move forward. People claim that Haig should have learned from the statistics and adjusted his tactics, and argue that the cost in terms of human casualties was too high

  2. In order to achieve and retain power a leader of a single-party state needed ...

    * "One Party Unity", using this policy Lenin was able to kick out any party members that questioned the authority of Lenin. Gellately, Robert. Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler. New York: Knopf, 2007. * In 1918, during Lenin's rule the Red Terror was initiated as a reply to the White terror.

  1. hrough an analysis of the consequences of the treaty of Versailles, it is made ...

    Germany was also required to pay �6.6 billions that was to be paid in annual installments by the German Government until 1983. This completely destroyed the German army and the German economy which ensured that there could be no political stability in Germany.

  2. Extended Essay - The Role of a UN-Secretary General to Achieve World Peace: The ...

    U Thant?s neutral position as a mediator between the nuclear superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union, to achieve world peace has been emphasized. Among the most difficult problems he tackled, this crisis seems to be the most prominent event in which U Thant fulfilled his responsibility as a

  1. US History. To what extent were the aims of Reconstruction achieved by 1877?

    Moreover, another success of reconstruction was that Afro-Americans could achieve the recognition of some rights, this made them stronger and free, now the freedman had the right to marry, ?recognizing the legality of negro marriages?, they could also now ?sue and be sued in the courts? and they were also

  2. To what extent did the Munich Conference contribute to the outbreak of World War ...

    The Allies tried to avoid repeating the mistakes of the Treaty of Versailles: ?appeasement was designed to revise the Treaty of Versailles by peaceful means in favour of Germany, en route to a new general settlement of European problems? (McDonough 5).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work