• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The peace negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference are often interpreted as a struggle between proponents of reconciliation led by Woodrow Wilson and Llyod George against the ruthless advocates of peace of revenge represented by Gorges Clemenceau.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"The peace negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference are often interpreted as a struggle between proponents of reconciliation led by Woodrow Wilson and Llyod George against the ruthless advocates of peace of revenge represented by Gorges Clemenceau." To what extent do you agree with this statement? Bryson Ddaddah IB1A 10-06-2010 "Mr. Wilson bores me with his fourteen points," complained Clemenceau. "Why, God Almighty has only ten!"1 Gorges Clemenceau Following the heinous acts of the First World War that resulted in the death of over 8.5 million belligerents, the Paris Peace Conference (1919), of which involved diplomats from over 30 countries, was held in order to ensure that the world never again experienced such atrocities, and a lasting peace could once again be achieved like that following the Conference of Vienna (1814) which allowed Europe to experience almost a century's worth of sustainable peace. The conference did not seek solely to setting peace settlements for Germany but also the other Central Powers. The tremendous struggle between the Big Three (in reference to Britain, France and the USA) to agree upon some political, and economic clauses of the Treaty of Versailles, while their interests were either compromised or not met, has made some historians believe that two camps emerged during the conference; on one side, Woodrow Wilson and Lloyd George, and on the other, Gorge Clemenceau. ...read more.

Middle

France, being the region where the most fighting during the First World War occurred, had consequently suffered major physical damage and had lost over 1.3 million soldiers making not only their total casualties reaching nearly 3.2 million3, but also leaving in requirement of the most reconstruction of all the warring states. Clemenceau's hope that the German payments would cover the costs of reparations once again became a cause for disagreement. Though Wilson agreed that Germany should take responsibility, disagreements on which aspects the repayments should cover resulted in the postponement of the Reparations Commission to a later date (by May 1921 the Commission was expected to come up with a final concession). The Saar dispute, though it may seem to have simply been yet another territorial feud, was also another way for France to ensure that its wish for German economic decline was affirmed. Annexation of the Saar to the French would have resulted in her further empowerment as well as provided a basis for deeper resentment from Germany. Clemenceau therefore had no choice but to compromise on British and American decision that they should only attain control over Saar's coal mines and allow the League of Nations to mandate it for 15 years. ...read more.

Conclusion

Finally, Clemenceau was under pressure to restore France to its former glory and to insure that no future aggression from Germany would take place. By putting all these considerations in mind, one understands how easy it is to concede that "The peace negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference are often interpreted as a struggle between proponents of reconciliation led by Woodrow Wilson and Lloyd George against the ruthless advocates of peace of revenge represented by Gorges Clemenceau." The extent of the struggle and the frustrations that the leaders had can be accentuated by Clemenceau's statement that Wilson bores him with his 14 Points. Though this statement is to a great extent true, it is however not entirely true due to the fact that there were some factors on which the Big Three agreed on without much dispute such as the restoration of Alsace-Lorraine to France, the 'war guilt' clause, and the fact that none of the defeated states could have representatives in the peace settlements. In addition, the other disputes came to an accord though in some cases compromises had to be made. 1 Empire of debt: the rise of an epic financial crisis By William Bonner, Addison Wiggin 2 Norman Lowe 3 Britannica Ency. Page 987 vol. 29 4 Modern World History; Norman Lowe ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. The Treaty of Versailles vs. The Treaty of Vienna. Both the Congress of Vienna, ...

    [3] By doing so the victorious powers had expected balance of power and lasting peace in Europe. Since France was seen guilty for the Napoleonic Wars, the leaders were distributing French lands among each other and in this way they were punishing France.

  2. Turning points in WW2

    * Consumed absolutely massive proportions of German and Soviet armour. The only hitch was that the Soviets had recovered within weeks whereas the Germans still hadn't recovered from the losses two years later.

  1. US History. To what extent were the aims of Reconstruction achieved by 1877?

    ? the right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any other state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.? This amendment helped Reconstruction aims be achieved as it protected the Afro-Americans, they had now

  2. This essay will assess the Australian governments efforts towards reconciliation with Aboriginal peoples, particularly ...

    In future implementation, they aim to work with a strengths-based, community-led approach. They will share ownership of and responsibility for a jointly agreed framework with the Indigenous community, which included targets and ongoing monitoring of the Closing the Gap agenda.

  1. Extended Essay - The Role of a UN-Secretary General to Achieve World Peace: The ...

    for political gain.[2] However, no one called attention to U Thant?s vital role as a neutral mediator and peace negotiator in the crisis. Therefore, the purpose of this extended essay is to remind the world of U Thant?s participation as a central figure in solving the major conflict between two nuclear superpowers which would certainly have led to a catastrophe.

  2. To what extent did the Munich Conference contribute to the outbreak of World War ...

    "Czechoslovakia has ceased to exist!" Hitler announced to the German people later that day? (The History Place). Chamberlain, along with the France government, ?issued a war guarantee to Poland? (Mandel and Buchanan). The Allies immediately stopped pursuing the policy of Appeasement and promised to protect Poland, even if this could lead to a war against Germany.

  1. To what extent was the Potsdam Conference responsible for the creation of East and ...

    as Eastern and Western Germany ?would have to relate to each other economically as though they were foreign countries?, causing deadlock in the Allied Control Council. 10 III. By producing a common export-import program for western Germany as a whole among the three western powers, this contradiction would be covered

  2. How much did the post war aims of the victors agree or disagree with ...

    France would not accept anything short of Germany being severely weakened. It got back its previous territory of Alsace-Lorraine (point 8), along with Britain it set up an independent Poland with access to the see. It would not however even consider disarming even though it had greatly weakened the German army.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work