• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Resurgence of Democracy in Greece after Ottoman Rule

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Brian Daurelle Old vs. Ancient Ideals: The Resurgence of Democracy in Greece after Ottoman Rule 5 March 2008 At the turn of the nineteenth century, the people of the Balkans were chafing under the rule of the Ottoman Empire as Northern and Western Europe progressed towards democracy. Being a nominally and predominantly Muslim entity, the Ottoman policy regarding liberal ideas was very restrictive. Without some sort of insurrection, any hopes of religious equality or autonomy for the Greeks, or indeed for any other people under Ottoman rule, were pure fantasy. However, outside of the Ottoman Empire, most peoples were sympathetic to the Greeks; not only was Greece the hearth of Classical Antiquity and ancient culture, the people of Europe also viewed the Greek fight for independence as one between Islam and Christianity. Refugees and envoys from Greece were eager to play upon the sympathies of fellow Christians, citing the persecutions of members of the Greek Orthodox Church under Muslim law. ...read more.

Middle

Therefore, it was not difficult for the Greek cause to find support among Europeans, whose internal divisions paled when faced with the prospect of conflict with the large, threatening Muslim power to the East. One C. E. Savary described in a letter the injuries done to progress by the Turks as a 'melancholy spectacle'. Especially in progressive Europe, such barbarous treatment of a people based on their religion was enough to excite many against the Turks. Greece has always had the reputation of being the home of the great democratic tradition, as well as a leader in science and the arts. The City-state of Athens was, in the days before Christianity, the intellectual capitol of the world. Over generations, though the spread of Christian tradition, Athens lost its influence, as did its liberal ideas and thinkers. Democracy declined into imperialism, aristocracy and feudalism until nearly half a millennium had passed. ...read more.

Conclusion

Englishman James Dallaway wrote in a letter that the Greeks are less educated, less moral and less cultured than even a conquered people ought to be. Another Englishman, Edward Blaquiere, went so far as to label the Greek's relationship to the Turks as that of a slave to his master. These writings show the extent to which the European community considered it to be their duty to bring democracy and equality back to the place from which they inherited it. It is apparent that the people of Europe felt it was their duty to aid the cause of Greek independence. There were many pretexts one could find; to defend the religious rights of oppressed Christians, to rediscover the lost culture of ancient Greece, or to bring democracy back to where it had died out generations ago. Especially in countries becoming progressively more liberal, such as England and France, they viewed the re-civilization of Greece not only as a symbolic necessity to the advancement of democracy, but as a moral obligation to the ideals of equality. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. To what extent was William Is conquest and rule of England due to force?

    and northern Mercia to make sure that these areas would never again dispute his rule- this became known as The Harrowing of the North. He sent armies through the countryside, depopulating large areas and making them uninhabitable. Although Williams's methods were undoubtedly morally questionable and they destroyed the prosperity of

  2. Impact of Castro's Rule

    Within the home, women now have maternity leave, pension for below-average earners and open divorce laws so that revoking a marriage is made simple. Each of these changes within the social scheme of Cuba has brought women up to a new level and shown the men they are capable of doing what needs to be done.

  1. American Anti-Imperialism vs. Imperialism

    Labor leaders like Samuel Gompers believed that cheap foreign labor might become a detriment to American workers. Carl Schurz, a founding member of the Republican Party, decried imperialism as contrary to the principles of Democracy and American freedom. Similarly, Mark Twain wrote, "I am opposed to the eagle putting its talons on any other land."

  2. History Internal Assesment

    Other conflicts involving the League of Nations: The conflict of Vilna was involved Lithuania and Poland. Vilna was proclaimed the capital of Lithuania after both these countries regained their independence. However, most of the population of Vilna was Polish, and a Polish army took control of the city during the Polish-Soviet war in 1920 (Wikipedia).

  1. Comparing Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece

    There are many reasons to believe that Egyptians and Greeks placed a lot of importance to death and the afterlife. They were constantly being reminded about death and were very afraid of their fate after death. Even though the Ancient Egyptians and Greeks had the different gods and temples for

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    - Jordan then responded by shelling Jerusalem, which although the Israeli's claim it was not their original intention to fight with Jordan, resulted in a determination to wipe out the Jordanians. - Israel then took the Old City and West Bank.

  1. Ancient Greece revision notes

    * Developed because of contats with Egyptians and Persians that inspired a blossoming in the arts and sciences (including stories, ideas of designs of temples, techniques for fine metal work, crafts, etc) * This was a time of great thinkers, poets, artists * Athens develops the most democratic government of

  2. The cultural and scientific achievements of the Ottoman Empire

    In the 16th century this invention was seen as the most major invention in the field of Astronomy. Taqi al-Din also did extensive work in the field of optics. His meaningful and historic treatise dealt with vision, properties and refraction of light, the structure of the eye and the relation between light and color among many other things.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work