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The rise of Hitler and the Nazi party

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Introduction

The rise of Hitler and the Nazi party There were many factors concerning the rise of Hitler and the Nazi party. These included that of the political turmoil at the end of World War 1; Hitler's perceptions and the resulting policies and promises of the Nazi Party; propaganda and Hitler's personal magnetism; Hitler and the army and politics and single-party rule. A major factor which contributed to the rise of Hitler and the Nazi party was that of the postwar political turmoil that had overtaken Germany with the abdication of the Kaiser (November 1919), due to Germany's defeat in the war. The country was converted to a democracy; but though the political structure had changed, there had not been any coinciding movements towards economic or social reform. Kershaw writes of how this led to the uprising of extremist- such as the Spartacist (communist) and a fight between parties for power as opposition against the government increased. Revolt and civil war waged through the country and the people, already depleted by the effects of war, as well as the shock of defeat; were desperate for peace and stability. Hitler and the Nazi party were aware of the people's psychology and were able to use this knowledge to win support and favor. Kershaw also writes of how the government, under President Ebert, was also eager for peace. Fearing that growing communism would demolish military power; the Groener- Ebert Pact (Sept.1919) was signed between the government and the army; where the army agreed to back the government in exchange for the maintaining of army regime. ...read more.

Middle

Hitler's charisma was a significant reason for the support of the Nazi party. "I do not know how to describe the emotions that swept over me as I heard this man. His words were like a scourge. When he spoke of the disgrace of Germany, I felt ready it spring on any enemy. I forgot everything but the man, then, glancing around I saw that his magnetism was holding these thousands as one. Of course I was ripe for this experience. I was a man of thirty- two, weary of disgust and disillusionment, a wander seeking a cause, a patriot without a channel for his patriotism, a yearner after the heroic without a hero. The intense will of the man, the passion of his sincerity seemed to flow from him into me. I experienced an exaltation that could be liked only to religious conversion." (Luedecke, Kurt, I knew Hitler New York, 1937, p.22) Another crucial factor to the rise of Hitler and the Nazi party was the army. According to Evans it was during his time of making reports on small political parties for the army that Hitler first came to know about the German Workers' Party, which would become the Nazi party. In this party Hitler was able to see a channel for his thoughts and aspirations, and he soon became a prominent member. Evans also writes of the Freikorps; ex-military, who acted as an army against communism for the Groener- Ebert Pact; became the body of the S.A (Struabteilung), which acted as the Nazi army and were generally seen as Nazi hit-men. ...read more.

Conclusion

According to Evans many communist were arrested, which suited Hitler's fascist ideals. Also in March Hitler passed the Enabling Act, under the excuse of the economic problems. The Act allowed Hitler to issue laws regardless of the Reichstag or the President. The Emergency and the Enabling Act functioned as the basis of Nazi dictatorship and allowed Hitler and the Nazi party to take over the state. Shirer writes of how trade unions were abolished, all political parties except Nazism declared illegal ; rapid series of laws insured Nazi control over civil service, educational system, German states and legal system; SS and SA are given free hand: opponents arrested and concentration camps (Dachau) was opened. At the end of 1933, Hitler called for another election, and as the only party left, the Nazis won all seats. As stated by Kershaw, Hitler would deliberately place unqualified people into significant roles, ensuring that they would always be reliant on him and therefore maintain his power, (Himmler (leader of SS) - chicken farmer). At the death of Hindenburg in August 1934, the office of chancellor and president were combined to that of Fuhrer (leader- total and absolute obedience of the people as he fulfilled his mission to end division and weariness and lead German people to destiny - Hitler, Mein Kamph). 18 months after becoming chancellor, Hitler became the Fuhrer of Germany. The political turmoil at the end of World War 1; Hitler's perceptions and the resulting policies and promises of the Nazi Party; propaganda and Hitler's personal magnetism; Hitler and the army and politics and the establishment of single-party rule were all significant factors in the rise of Hitler and the Nazi party. ...read more.

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