• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Rise of Julius Caesar

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Research Essay By the end of the 2nd century the Roman Republic was the only remaining super power left in the Mediterranean. Under the leadership of many great leaders, the Republic was constantly growing. Of these leaders was Gaius Julius Caesar, born on July 13, 100 B.C. to a patrician family.[1] He was a ?politician and statesman who eventually took supreme power in the Roman Republic and made himself a monarch in every practical respect.?[2] In 60 B.C. he was elected to consulship for the following year of 59 B.C. Subsequently he was appointed dictator in 46 B.C., which lasted for ten years, and one month prior to his assassination on March 15, 44 B.C. he was appointed dictator for life. The purpose of this essay is to identify and examine the factors that contributed to the rise of Julius Caesar to power as consul and dictator. One factor certainly was his use of the political system to win peoples? support, resulting in his electoral victories. Another was his impressive ability to accomplish major military campaigns, including battles of the Gallic War and his civil war against Pompey. The third rationale for Caesar?s rise to power was his ability to form a major confederacy with the most eminent and influential men in Rome. ...read more.

Middle

Traditionally, slaves amassed in a campaign were the property of the commanding general, and represented one of the most lucrative sources of income for Caesar.[11] As such, his generous distribution of these slaves to his fellow soldiers only further increased their loyalty. Fortunately his great popularity amongst his armies, along with another smart military strategy, became an important factor in his success in the civil war against Pompey. While Pompey deployed his men in three lines with his most veteran legion on the flanks, Caesar deployed his men in three lines, six men deep. With this strategy, he was able to defeat Pompey. As such through his successful campaigns against the Gauls and Pompey, he was able to prove to his men that under his command, victory was ensured. This, along with his generosity, naturally produced strong loyalty, admiration and popularity amongst his men. Due to his brilliant and astute tactics, Julius Caesar was able to propel his armies to victory during the Gallic Wars and the Civil War, aiding his rise to power and gaining respect and wealth. Julius Caesar?s astounding ability to make alliances with other politicians and military leaders also allowed him to become a successful politician and military leader himself; and in the end rose to become Rome?s permanent dictator. ...read more.

Conclusion

Through victorious battles in Gaul and defeating Pompey he gained loyalty and respect as a military leader from his soldiers. His strategic alliance with Pompey and Crassus allowed him to gain political support and resources. His exceptional oratory skills provided his powerfully persuasive and captivating hold on Rome and his armies. What had simply been a name of an aristocratic family became effectively as a title symbolizing supreme power. Even to this day Julius Caesar remains one of a few figures from the ancient world whose name commands instant recognition. ________________ [1] Adrian Goldsworthy, Caesar: Life of a Colossus (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006), 30. [2] Ibid.,1 [3] Adrian Goldsworthy, Caesar: Life of a Colossus (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006), 105. [4] Ibid. [5] Ibid., 107 [6] Ibid., 167 [7] Michael Grant, Julius Caesar (London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1974), 99. [8] Kate Gilliver, Caesar?s Gallic Wars (New York: Routledge, 2003), 24. [9] Ibid., 56 [10] Kate Gilliver, Caesar?s Gallic Wars (New York: Routledge, 2003), 57. [11] Adrian Goldsworthy, Caesar: Life of a Colossus (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006), 252. [12] Adrian Goldsworthy, Caesar: Life of a Colossus (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006), 165. [13] Ibid. [14] Ibid., 166 [15] Ibid., 176 [16] Adrian Goldsworthy, Caesar: Life of a Colossus (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006), 71. [17] Ibid., 173 [18] Ibid., 74 [19] Ibid., 227 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Egyptian Influence Extended Essay

    This belt was made with electrum, a mixture of gold and sliver. The "Falcon Pectoral" was worn around the neck and it represented the god Re-Harakhty, and was made by the style of cloisonn´┐Ż, which was metal formed with faience, glass, or gems.

  2. Lenins Rise to Power Essay

    This tendency, as institutionalized in a decree of General Nationalization of June 1918, had two main roots; the displacement of those independent workers committees that had gone beyond the Bolsheviks decree of Workers Control of November 1917 to closely supervise the operation of privately owned industry and the establishment of

  1. French Revolution and the rise of Napoleon - revision notes

    NOBILITY OF THE SWORD (szlachta rodowa) - those, whose ancestors were nobles, dated from medieval period. Families of the Nobility of The Sword derived their rank from military service and from long standing possession. a) The Court Nobility (szlachta dworska) - hereditary aristocracy. They numbered about 4000 families, who lived permanently in Paris or Versailles, dealing with pinpricks (''szpilki'')

  2. The Effect of the Khmer Rouge on the Social and Family Structures

    These treks, used to describe the journey to their location, were brutal and torturous. The Khmer Rouge soldiers showed no hesitation to kill anyone who disobeyed orders, showed fatigue, or exhibited laziness. Among the death toll calculated, some of them were performed during the treks.

  1. Prohibition: an inevitable failure?

    Source A states, quite adamantly, that the consequence of Prohibition was that such a colossal 'boom' in crime was created. Prohibition created one of the greatest opportunities for organized crime: Excerpts from the text: "The great opportunity for crime came with Prohibition.", "But whatever the causes of Prohibition, there can be little disagreement about the consequences.

  2. How effective and influential was guerilla warfare in aiding communist victories in the 20th ...

    During this march which lasted 368 days and covered 6000 miles, the Reds numbering ninety thousand crossed eighteen mountain ranges, twenty-four rivers, twelve provinces, ten of which were under War Lord Control, having to endure almost a skirmish a day against numerous opposing groups, finally arriving a Shensi with 7,000 men.

  1. The Seven Wonders Of The Ancient World - A.W.

    Dutifully, Sostratus instead inscribed Ptolemy?s name on the tower. Centuries later, ero-sion removed the inscription to reveal a second name and that of the true builder of the Pharos of Alexandria: Sostratus. At the top of the tower, a mirror reflected the sun during the day and a fire lit at night.

  2. The Rise and Fall of Civilisations

    That is why some people and I believe that those three civilizations can really be considered as one larger civilization. When taken as one civilization, you can think of Ghana and Mali and Songhay as three peaks of this one larger civilization, but as Songhay began to lose control of

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work