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The story of Americas beginning and development as a nation is one with many controversies and struggles, yet also a story of courage and perseverance. There were several events that set the stage for the colonists in New England to rebel against thei

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Introduction

The story of America's beginning and development as a nation is one with many controversies and struggles, yet also a story of courage and perseverance. There were several events that set the stage for the colonists in New England to rebel against their mother country, Britain. Relations among the colonists and Britain were fine for the most of the beginning of the colonial expansion. It was during the 7 Years War from 1756 to 1763 that a rift began to form between the colonies and their mother country. During the war, there were many conflicts between the British officers and the colonial troops as well as between the British officers and the colonial civilians. British officers were often demanding and did not respect the colonists. As a result of increased expenses during the war, many colonists went into debt. To make matters worse, King George III took over the throne in England and quickly started making several abrupt changes that resulted in an instable political environment. Increased tensions between the colonists and the Indians led to Pontiac's War, which, in turn, resulted in Parliament passing the Proclamation of 1763. Under the Proclamation, Parliament asserted its authority over the colonies in a way that it had not really done before, which resulted in slow westward expansion. ...read more.

Middle

After the Revolution, the Americans moved towards figuring out what kind of society it would be and what kind of government would sustain it. The first form of government was the Articles of Confederation, which consisted of a national government that was subordinate to the 13 state governments. Obviously, the Americans were sensitive to the central and potentially abusive power of a central government from their experience with Britain, which is why there was a weak central power. With the ordinance of 1785 and the Northwest ordinance of 1787, Congress defined the process for the creation and admission of new states, which ended up being a significant contribution of the Articles. Although the Articles served the purpose of government after Independence and maintain peace, there were still many colonists who companied about not having a strong national government. They argued that they wanted a national government for the purpose of protection from foreign competition as well as a means of strengthening America's standing in the Atlantic economy. After much debate, members of the Philadelphia Convention in 1987 compromised on many of these issues and developed a new Constitution. After the Constitution was ratified, which was a long process, the next step was to elect a President to represent the nation. Washington's success in the Revolution and admirable reputation earned him this position. ...read more.

Conclusion

After the treaty of Ghent in 1814, which declared peace between America and Great Britain, the Americans further pursued a peaceful relationship with Britain with the Rush-Bigot Treaty in 1817. The Rush-Bigot Treaty demilitarized the Great Lakes as well as other measures that allied the two nations. As the nation continued to develop, it also continued to grow westward and gained many new territories. With such great expansion also came improvements in the infrastructure of the nation. The transportation was revolutionized with railroads and canals that connected all the major waterway systems. During this time, American cities also began to grow as the nation began to slowly industrialize itself. Americans were eager to find ways to cut costs for production, which was helped by the cotton gin and the new textile mills. As far as political development, the Republican Party experienced a major split into two more sections known as Democrats and National Republicans. Also, it eventually became commonplace for states to not require the ownership of land in order to vote, which proved to be a major improvement in society. The Presidency of Andrew Jackson was marked with his enactment of the spoils system, which based appointments on party loyalty. The age of reform was a time that really changed many of the norms in America. Public schools were reformed and made better and the public school was created. The disagreement between abolition of slavery among Americans also gained more momentum as well as the struggle of Women's rights. ...read more.

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