• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The story of Americas beginning and development as a nation is one with many controversies and struggles, yet also a story of courage and perseverance. There were several events that set the stage for the colonists in New England to rebel against thei

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The story of America's beginning and development as a nation is one with many controversies and struggles, yet also a story of courage and perseverance. There were several events that set the stage for the colonists in New England to rebel against their mother country, Britain. Relations among the colonists and Britain were fine for the most of the beginning of the colonial expansion. It was during the 7 Years War from 1756 to 1763 that a rift began to form between the colonies and their mother country. During the war, there were many conflicts between the British officers and the colonial troops as well as between the British officers and the colonial civilians. British officers were often demanding and did not respect the colonists. As a result of increased expenses during the war, many colonists went into debt. To make matters worse, King George III took over the throne in England and quickly started making several abrupt changes that resulted in an instable political environment. Increased tensions between the colonists and the Indians led to Pontiac's War, which, in turn, resulted in Parliament passing the Proclamation of 1763. Under the Proclamation, Parliament asserted its authority over the colonies in a way that it had not really done before, which resulted in slow westward expansion. ...read more.

Middle

After the Revolution, the Americans moved towards figuring out what kind of society it would be and what kind of government would sustain it. The first form of government was the Articles of Confederation, which consisted of a national government that was subordinate to the 13 state governments. Obviously, the Americans were sensitive to the central and potentially abusive power of a central government from their experience with Britain, which is why there was a weak central power. With the ordinance of 1785 and the Northwest ordinance of 1787, Congress defined the process for the creation and admission of new states, which ended up being a significant contribution of the Articles. Although the Articles served the purpose of government after Independence and maintain peace, there were still many colonists who companied about not having a strong national government. They argued that they wanted a national government for the purpose of protection from foreign competition as well as a means of strengthening America's standing in the Atlantic economy. After much debate, members of the Philadelphia Convention in 1987 compromised on many of these issues and developed a new Constitution. After the Constitution was ratified, which was a long process, the next step was to elect a President to represent the nation. Washington's success in the Revolution and admirable reputation earned him this position. ...read more.

Conclusion

After the treaty of Ghent in 1814, which declared peace between America and Great Britain, the Americans further pursued a peaceful relationship with Britain with the Rush-Bigot Treaty in 1817. The Rush-Bigot Treaty demilitarized the Great Lakes as well as other measures that allied the two nations. As the nation continued to develop, it also continued to grow westward and gained many new territories. With such great expansion also came improvements in the infrastructure of the nation. The transportation was revolutionized with railroads and canals that connected all the major waterway systems. During this time, American cities also began to grow as the nation began to slowly industrialize itself. Americans were eager to find ways to cut costs for production, which was helped by the cotton gin and the new textile mills. As far as political development, the Republican Party experienced a major split into two more sections known as Democrats and National Republicans. Also, it eventually became commonplace for states to not require the ownership of land in order to vote, which proved to be a major improvement in society. The Presidency of Andrew Jackson was marked with his enactment of the spoils system, which based appointments on party loyalty. The age of reform was a time that really changed many of the norms in America. Public schools were reformed and made better and the public school was created. The disagreement between abolition of slavery among Americans also gained more momentum as well as the struggle of Women's rights. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Notes on Italian unification - background and main events

    At this point, Napoleon did not insist that he get Savoy and Nice - Cavour now demanded for Victor Emanuel that the Italians would fight on alone because he was furious about not getting Venetia - Victor Emanuel rejected this, and out of rage, Cavour resigned from July 1859 -

  2. The influence of socialism on the development of universal human rights

    Countries which had been outside this power followed harsh punishments, e.g. death penalty. Homosexuality thus was a sensitive topic and still is, but the rights of love for the same gender have increased and are respected in most of the westernized world.

  1. 'More than a Mutiny, less than a War of Independence' - Do you agree ...

    constitutional agendas. The sepoys at Gwalior, if their conversations with the wily Scindia strayed on to constitutional matters, would have had to use different language from that used by the Ranee of Jhansi, ('Jhansi-ist') the Nane Sahib (Mahratta), Bahadur Shah (Mogul)

  2. What is their Story?

    (Though in actuality, the slaves were captured off the coast of New York and later shipped to Connecticut.) The slaves were put on trial for the murder of the crew and soon many different claims were made as to whom the captives truly belonged to.

  1. u.s. constitution

    The amendment did make a difference politically on paper but it did not truly end suffrage for African Americans. 16. -1913- Allows federal income tax. a. The amendment is a direct result of the Pollock vs. Farmer's Loan case. It grants the federal government the ability to levy an income tax without allocating it to the individual states.

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    Changing Palestinian and Israeli responses to the conflict. Palestinian responses: - The general response to the 1947-48 war was to flee from the country, making 726000 Palestinians refugees. Some went to refugee camps, while others settled in neighboring Arab states.

  1. The History and Development of the American Dream

    From the context and literary reality of books we may single out the other models of behavior and ways of thinking of Americans. Historical Background Historian and writer James Truslow Adams coined the phrase "American Dream" in his 1931

  2. Outline the reasons for the rise of Chinese Nationalism after 1919. Discuss the impact ...

    They focused instead on the Communists saying ?The Japanese are a disease of the skin; the Communists are a disease of the body?. But, the inevitable happened in 1937: war with Japan broke out again. The Japanese needed to support a growing empire, and China had many resources that Japan needed.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work