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The Weimar republic was doomed from the start. Discuss.

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Introduction

´╗┐The Weimar republic was doomed from the start because of civilian resentment with the government, a flawed constitution that contained loopholes, the system of proportional representation, economic instability. After the treaty of Versailles was signed in 1919, german civilians were upset because Germany had admitted defeat and been forced to pay overwhelmingly expensive reparation payments to the allies. They felt betrayed by the democrats and November traitors who had signed the treaty of Versailles, associated with dishonor. The Weimar Republic also ended the military?s rule of the country, and placed the power in the people. Civilians were upset with this because they had great admiration for the military. Historian Hannah Vogt said that the men were to pick up the reins of government faced a tremendous, thankless task, exemplifying that the new leaders of Weimar were facing enormous civilian resentment towards the gov. ...read more.

Middle

This loophole doomed Weimar from the start because the leader of Germany could turn the state into authoritarian state with little effort. Proportional representation, which was included in the constitution, also led to weimar?s failure. The german Reichstag was made up of elected citizens and these citizens voted on which political party they wanted to control the government. The percentage of votes political parties got was equivalent to the amount of seats in the Reichstag they got. One political party needed a majority (51% of the votes) to maintain power. There were so many political parties that they had to create coallitons ? which is when two political parties joined together in order to get a majority. The problem with this is that two political parties may not have the same views and are prone to arguing. This doomed Weimar because no one could make decisions in the government, and power changed so many times that the civilians lost faith, and rules and laws were changed so frequently that it led to instability. ...read more.

Conclusion

It was hard for political parties to gain a majority and therefore it was hard for an extremist leader to take control. If there had been less extremist left and right winged parties, they system might have worked. The civilians voted, allowing them to have a voice. In terms of the constitution, it was great, except for article 48. It gave people democratic rights, men and women were equal, armed forces were to be kept at a minimum, there was religious freedom and everyone could vote (over 20). Historian William Shirer argues that the constitution had admirable devices which seemed to guarantee the working of an almost flawless democracy. In spite of this, the social, economic and political situation of Germany after ww1 did not allow for a perfect democracy or cooperation among political parties. The Weimar republic was doomed from the start because of civilian resentment with the government, a flawed constitution that contained loopholes, the system of proportional representation, economic instability. ...read more.

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