• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

This essay will assess the Australian governments efforts towards reconciliation with Aboriginal peoples, particularly the apology to the Stolen Generations and the Close the Gap campaign.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Rights and freedom essay ?Reconciliation will not work if it puts a higher value on symbolic gestures rather than the practical needs of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders in areas like health, housing, education and employment.? Warren Mundine AO. I agree with this quote because practical actions that address Indigenous disadvantage are overlooked in favour of symbolic gestures. This essay will assess the Australian government?s efforts towards reconciliation, particularly the apology to the Stolen Generations and the Close the Gap campaign. Prime Minister Kevin Rudd formally apologised to the Stolen Generations on 13th February 2008, which marked the first day of the Australia?s 42nd Parliament. This was a recommendation from The National Inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal Children from their Families, which suggested that ?all Australian Parliaments and State and Territory police forces acknowledge responsibility for past laws, policies and practices of forcible removal and that on behalf of their predecessors officially apologies to Indigenous individuals, families and communities.? (Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, n.d) Between 1910-1970, Indigenous children were taken from their parents as part of the Stolen Generations. They were adopted by white families and forced to reject their heritage and adopt white culture, by changing their names and forbidding them to speak their traditional language. ...read more.

Middle

(Pmc.gov.au, n.d.) The target to close the gap in life expectancy by 2031 is not on track. Between 2010?12 and 2015?17, Indigenous life expectancy at birth improved by 2.5 years for Indigenous males and by 1.9 years for Indigenous females (both not statistically significant), which has led to a small reduction in the gap. The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) 2006 estimates show life expectancy for Indigenous Australians to be approximately 17 years lower than the total population for the period of 1996?2001. Indigenous people have poorer health due to a range of factors, such as socio-economic status, quality and accessibility of the health system, risk factor behaviour (tobacco, alcohol, nutrition, exercise), social factors and environmental factors (e.g. over-crowded housing, poor drinking water and sanitation). These are complex interrelated factors which the government need to address. The target to have 95 per cent of Indigenous four year olds enrolled in early childhood education by 2025 is on track. In 2017, 95 per cent of Indigenous four year olds were enrolled in early childhood education. The target to close the gap in school attendance by 2018 is not on track. Attendance rates for Indigenous students have not improved between 2014 and 2018 (around 82 per cent in 2018) ...read more.

Conclusion

It conveys the injustices of British colonisation and how it is difficult to forgive them for what they have done after a mere apology. Korff, J. (2019). 'Sorry' apology to Stolen Generations, Available at: ://www.creativespirits.info/aboriginalculture/politics/stolen-generations/sorry-apology-to-stolen-generations [Accessed 27 Mar. 2019] This is an article sharing both Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australian reactions to Kevin Rudd?s apology throughout polls, print media, and quoted responses. The text?s main strength is it provides multiple perspectives of both Indigenous and non-Indigenous people, some who support the apology and some who don?t. It was relevant to my research because I could use people?s responses to the speech as an example of the community?s views on symbolic gestures versus practical actions. It is written by Jens Korff, the owner and author of Creative Spirits. His work was published by the National Library of Australia in Pandora, Australia?s web archive. They considered it to be ?an important component of the national documentary heritage.? Therefore, this is a credible website with a wide and unbiased coverage of different Australian perspectives. Pmc.gov.au. (n.d.). 1.20 Infant and child mortality | Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework 2014 Report. [online] Available at: https://www.pmc.gov.au/sites/default/files/publications/indigenous/Health-Performance-Framework-2014/tier-1-health-status-and-outcomes/120-infant-and-child-mortality.html [Accessed 28 Mar. 2019]. Closing the Gap Report 2019. (2019). [ebook] Available at: https://ctgreport.pmc.gov.au/sites/default/files/ctg-report-2019.pdf?a=1 [Accessed 28 Mar. 2019]. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. The Roaring Twenties in Australia.

    After school many girls completed vocational training courses to allow them to work in offices, shops or in domestic service, but the concept of a carer or lifelong work applied mainly to men. (SOURCE 3.1 PG 98) While protective legislation had abolished some of the worst aspects of the exploitation

  2. Egyptian Influence Extended Essay

    The Pyramids were mainly used to conserve energy. The shape and style of the Pyramids made them excellent energy conservers. The Egyptians also used the Pyramids for burials, according to David Rosalie. The King's Chambers in the Pyramids were only used for the Pharaohs, while the other Burial Chambers were used for the civilians.

  1. China's socio-economic changes under Deng Xiaoping

    On the strength of these initial successes, the reform program was broadened, and the leadership under Deng Xiaoping frequently remarked that China's basic policy was "reform and opening," that is, reform of the economic system and opening to foreign trade.

  2. History IA: What were American peoples responses to the Vietnam War in 1965 1971?

    The level of popularity of television in US also contributed to the extent of anti-war movement. By the percentage shown in evidence, we can see that more and more Americans turned to television as their primary source for news[32]. Television is "consistently evaluated as more attention-grabbing, interesting, personally relevant, emotionally involving, and surprising"[33] because of two elements: visuals and personality.

  1. Hittites : The Warrior Peoples

    In a time when everyone used bronze for their weapons, iron weaponry gave its possessors a great advantage. Despite this advantage, however, the bulk of the Hittite army was made up of mounted troops and chariots, from which archers fought.

  2. Australian Government Policy and the Aboriginal People.

    It is estimated that there were 750,000 Indigenous Australians living in Australia at the time of Captain Cook's arrival. These people were divided into 600 different tribes and had hundreds of different languages.

  1. Did the Soviets Fail to Establish Meaningful Equality towards Women?

    The NEP had a negative effect on the conditions for women, the state assistance to women in the form of health and welfare assistance had been cut back. State support for abortion was also reduced. The women suffered a general rise in unemployment through 1927, and were pushed back into their "traditional" sectors again.

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    1964-1974 Creation: - In June 1964, the PLO was formed at an Arab Summit in Cairo. - Nasser: "The Palestinian Entity must be preserved because the extermination of the entity would mean the elimination of the Palestinian problem forever". - Walker and Gowers: "Powerless to do more than expostulate, the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work