• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Those who can win a war can rarely make a good peace

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Those who can win a war can rarely make a good peace No one better than Churchill could have quoted a truth. The best example for this quotation will surely be The Treaty of Versailles. A treaty which promised a peaceful ending for the First World War, however it failed and became the prelude to another war. After the end of the war the task for making a peace agreement was in the hands of allies. In December 1918, the allies met in Paris to start the peace settlement, the representatives were: United States-Woodrow Wilson, Great Britain - Lloyd George, France- George Clemenceau. The Three Leaders found the task much more difficult as they thought it will be. The conditions of the Treaty set Germany for another war, as the tasks were too harsh and they found themselves humiliated. The main task was to blame Germany for starting the war, pay reparations generally to "squeeze the German lemon until the pips squeak". ...read more.

Middle

As a direct result, Britain suffered from high unemployment, which of course, affected the well being of the country. The Treaty of Versailles would provide an opportunity to seek revenge for their losses. They were also seeking annexation of German colonies in Africa. Also, Lloyd George was really concerned about the rise of the communism and he feared that it might spread to western Europe. The Treaty of Versailles was more a dictate which insulted Germany. The biggest problem Germany had with Versailles was the war guilt, which was stated in article 231 of the Versailles Treaty. The Allies were astonished to find this particular paragraph was the most violently disputed point in the entire treaty. Germany was forced to give up all overseas possessions, which the Allies administered as mandates. In addition, France resurrected Poland to dismantle Germany's eastern borders. This separated East Prussian from the rest of Germany by the Polish Corridor, which contained a large German population. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Treaty seemed to satisfy the Big Three, however it left a mood of anger throughout Germany as it was felt that Germany nation had been unfairly treated. Many German citizens felt that they had been punished for the German's government mistakes as they had declared the war and not the people. As the historian R.Henig said "The treaty of Versailles was not excessively harsh on Germany, either territorially or economically. However, the German people were expecting victory not defeat. It was the acknowledgement of defeat so much as much as the treaty terms themselves, which they found so hard to accept." The truth is if Germany could have won, it would have established the hegemony in Europe, but as Keynes said " it is impossible to lay the responsibility for the war on any single nation". In reality The "Big Three" just tried to protect the trade and satisfy their own interests. Those who win a war can rarely make a good peace, by destroying Germany they tried to protect Europe from other wars and be sure that no other war will start, however it just became a cause for another war. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Condensed Treaty of Versailles

    suggest helping Germany The Settlement of the Inter-Ally Indebtedness * Allies need to prove themselves sincere and trustworthy * Should waive the reparations for Belgium, Serbia and France and only pay for the provinces which actually suffered invasion * Europe needs to rely on its own daily bread and not

  2. The cold war - the conferences and the start of the cCold War

    America agreed to pay the British Occupation Force in Greece and Turkey. In response, Truman produced the Doctrine c. The speech was mainly about Greece and Turkey but led to the famous Doctrine and statement which amounted to an American commitment to support people's resisting Communism anywhere in the world.

  1. Assess the impact of the Treaty of Versailles on Germany, 1919-1930.

    o The Ruhr is the most industrial part of Germany and with this invasion the Mark collapses. Now 20,000 marks is equivalent to 1 dollar. o By August it is worth 5,000,000 marks is equivalent to 1 dollar. The mark is becoming worthless.

  2. Nazi Germany

    make them into the 2nd German army, which would make him potentially the most powerful man in Germany (with control over 4million SA men) - Hitler didn't like the idea!! - On 30 June 1934, R�hm and the other SA leaders were arrested on Hitler's orders and executed (shot), (Hitler accused them of plotting an overthrow)

  1. Why did the Reds win the Russian Civil War?

    their leader; therefore the conflict between Stalin and Trotsky proved to be much less damaging. * The Reds proved to be widely superior in the organizational area as they had a center of command in the "Revolutionary Military Council of the Republic" which was responsible for uniting the civilian and

  2. The peace negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference are often interpreted as a struggle ...

    Some level of full agreement could however be found in the concession of all parties on matters of the clause regarding Alsace-Lorraine. The resentment that the French had over their loss of Alsace-Lorraine meant that they were to go to all extents to ensure that control over this province was reasserted to them.

  1. How far can Britain's colonial legacy be held responsible for Nigeria's problems since independence?

    BEFORE NIGERIA Before the interference of the British Empire, Nigeria did not exist. Instead, there were a large number of kingdoms, towns and villages which stretched over West Africa. These kingdoms, villages, states and towns were often of different ethnicities including the Hausa, the Yoruba, the Edo, the Igbo and the Fulani.

  2. The Never Ending War: between India and Pakistan

    In Kashmir, where fully two-thirds of the population was Muslim, the Hindu maharaja refused to commit to either Pakistan's or India's domain. This was interpreted by some radical Muslims in Kashmir as a delaying tactic, designed to prevent Kashmir from joining Pakistan; and an armed revolt, aided by Muslim militia

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work