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To what extent can Alexander II be called a liberator

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?To what extent did the Alexander II deserved his title of the ?Tsar Liberator??? Born in Moscow on April 29, 1818 and died in St. Petersburg on March 13, 1881, was Tsar of the Russian Empire from the March 3, 1855 until his assassination in 1881.During his youth he showed his real skills, until the time of its advent in 1855, few imagined that it would be known as a leader who implement the most difficult reforms in Russia. During the thirty-six years he was heir to the atmosphere of St. Petersburg was unfavorable to the development of any intellectual or political innovation. All the principles of freedom of thought and private initiative were, as far as possible, suppressed. Personal and official censorship, the criticism of the authorities were seen as a serious crime. This was also considered as one of the reasons that led to his murder. Russia Before Alexander II To have a better idea of what was Alexander II was liberating we need to understand the circumstances of Russia before Alexander II became Tsar. Nicholas I ruled Russia and he has been known as the most reactionary[1] Russian monarch. Nicholas I was determinate to control Russian society to prevent the spread or culmination of liberty ideas that could question his absolutism. ...read more.


At the end, in my opinion mostly no one was freer or less free, it was just a new lifestyle within new rules but the same kind of injustice to say it like that. Judicial The judicial system before Alexander II was full of corruption was illogical, arbitrary and cruel. Was abusive in general, the new reforms Alexander II involved included the separation of judicial and administrative powers, public tribunals, the right to appeal to a conference of justice as well as showing evidence and try to defend yourself, and what I considerate a very important one, judges better trained, among many others. These reforms made a less corruptive Russia and helped the modernization of the country. According to H. Seton-Watson, ?it raised general moral and even political standards?? ?for a long time the court-room was the one place in Russia where real freedom of speech prevailed, and its main champion was the lawyer?. The new system has really good statements, but it did not work at all, the country was used to all the irregularities and at the beginning where some problems with the lawyers because only a few where trained, some people still was excluded of all the new reforms, to only mention a few anomalies. ...read more.


All the reforms until certain point was useful but in the end everything change, he returned to a conservative atmosphere and a lot of repression. He accused universities of spreading liberating ideas and because of that he suppressed subjects like history, science, and modern languages because they ‘encourage independent ideas’. Also he censured any bad comment against the government. People were not free of expression again. The reforms of Alexander II mostly where not well applied and maybe that’s why many people were dissatisfied with them. Nevertheless speaking about the abolishing of serfdom were a lot of injustices, I think that reform was the least liberating and the less successful measure. Whereas the education reforms lend people the capacity of thinking which makes the most successful measure. Even though it was all censored again, young people had conscience of their rights and they fight for them. Calling the Alexander II “the Tsar Liberator” is a bit too much; I think a more proper name for him could be a reactionary tsar. He changed from a non-liberal country to a freer of opinion one, but then he transformed to a conservative one, so he established an anterior state to the present. “To what extent did the Alexander II deserved his title of the ‘Tsar Liberator’?” Renée Alejandra Becerra León ________________ [1] Term referring to ideologies to those who aspire to establish anterior state to the present. ...read more.

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