• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent can Alexander II be called a liberator

Extracts from this document...


?To what extent did the Alexander II deserved his title of the ?Tsar Liberator??? Born in Moscow on April 29, 1818 and died in St. Petersburg on March 13, 1881, was Tsar of the Russian Empire from the March 3, 1855 until his assassination in 1881.During his youth he showed his real skills, until the time of its advent in 1855, few imagined that it would be known as a leader who implement the most difficult reforms in Russia. During the thirty-six years he was heir to the atmosphere of St. Petersburg was unfavorable to the development of any intellectual or political innovation. All the principles of freedom of thought and private initiative were, as far as possible, suppressed. Personal and official censorship, the criticism of the authorities were seen as a serious crime. This was also considered as one of the reasons that led to his murder. Russia Before Alexander II To have a better idea of what was Alexander II was liberating we need to understand the circumstances of Russia before Alexander II became Tsar. Nicholas I ruled Russia and he has been known as the most reactionary[1] Russian monarch. Nicholas I was determinate to control Russian society to prevent the spread or culmination of liberty ideas that could question his absolutism. ...read more.


At the end, in my opinion mostly no one was freer or less free, it was just a new lifestyle within new rules but the same kind of injustice to say it like that. Judicial The judicial system before Alexander II was full of corruption was illogical, arbitrary and cruel. Was abusive in general, the new reforms Alexander II involved included the separation of judicial and administrative powers, public tribunals, the right to appeal to a conference of justice as well as showing evidence and try to defend yourself, and what I considerate a very important one, judges better trained, among many others. These reforms made a less corruptive Russia and helped the modernization of the country. According to H. Seton-Watson, ?it raised general moral and even political standards?? ?for a long time the court-room was the one place in Russia where real freedom of speech prevailed, and its main champion was the lawyer?. The new system has really good statements, but it did not work at all, the country was used to all the irregularities and at the beginning where some problems with the lawyers because only a few where trained, some people still was excluded of all the new reforms, to only mention a few anomalies. ...read more.


All the reforms until certain point was useful but in the end everything change, he returned to a conservative atmosphere and a lot of repression. He accused universities of spreading liberating ideas and because of that he suppressed subjects like history, science, and modern languages because they ‘encourage independent ideas’. Also he censured any bad comment against the government. People were not free of expression again. The reforms of Alexander II mostly where not well applied and maybe that’s why many people were dissatisfied with them. Nevertheless speaking about the abolishing of serfdom were a lot of injustices, I think that reform was the least liberating and the less successful measure. Whereas the education reforms lend people the capacity of thinking which makes the most successful measure. Even though it was all censored again, young people had conscience of their rights and they fight for them. Calling the Alexander II “the Tsar Liberator” is a bit too much; I think a more proper name for him could be a reactionary tsar. He changed from a non-liberal country to a freer of opinion one, but then he transformed to a conservative one, so he established an anterior state to the present. “To what extent did the Alexander II deserved his title of the ‘Tsar Liberator’?” Renée Alejandra Becerra León ________________ [1] Term referring to ideologies to those who aspire to establish anterior state to the present. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. To what extent did Alexander II's reforms cause more problems than they solved?

    And problems continued for the Tsar as well. AgAgriculture didn't prosper as expected; in fact by 1900 more than 1/2 of the farms were not self-sufficient. Also, the gentry who felt that they lost power now wanted to become politically involved in the local government, which with time could have threatened the Tsar's autocracy.

  2. The policies of Alexander II and III of Russia

    The educational policy of Alexander III however, is viewed by many historians as reactionary31. The schools would return to the Classical system, the classist system of Nicolas I. The autonomy of universities was also re-established By Alexander II.

  1. Compare and Contract the policies of Alexander II and Alexander III in Russia?

    University numbers grew from 3600 to 10 000. Education under Alexander III were completely opposite, he increased the powers of government appointed inspectors who were made directly responsible to the curators. In 1882, higher courses for women were to be gradually closed. In 1884, University Statue replaced that of 1863.

  2. To what extent did Alexander II succeed reforming Russian life and institutions?

    There were also various groups that expressed concern about the welfare of the peasants under serfdom as they were treated more like possessions than human beings. Economically serfdom was inefficient and was keeping Russia from social and economic progress. Lastly peasant disturbances were increasing and by 1859 Russia was faced by the prospect of a peasant war.

  1. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Sympathetic 1. Lenin was opposed because he believed it was too soon and that they should wait until the government was completely discredited by the June Offensive. 2. Lenin was away from the capital when the demonstration started, quickly returned but he was too late to alter the course of events.

  2. Assess the strengths and weaknesses of Alexander II of Russia's reforms.

    The workforce increased from 860,000 to 1,320,000 people by 1887. An increase in workforce meant Russia?s economy would have grown. Alexander had hoped that the liberated peasantry would be thankful to tsar and increased support and make worthier recruits to the army: this was not the case.

  1. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    the 'siege mentality' of the Israelis and their life of fear and unrest. - The extensive used of suicide bombers during the 90's had a large mental affect on both Israeli and Palestinian communities, It presented a situation in which no-one could truly be safe if people were willing to

  2. Assess the strengths and weaknesses of Alexander IIs reforms.

    Alexander made a few political reforms in his time of power, most of which were successful. For example his 1884 introduction to the judicial system which was a ?rule of law?, giving many things including equality before the law, trial by jury and public reporting of trials.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work