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To what extent can Berlin or Vienna can be held accountable for the start of WW1?

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Introduction

History HL History Internal Assessment To what extent can Berlin or Vienna can be held accountable for the start of WW1? Candidate Name: Vladimir Nardin Candidate Number: Center Number: May 2010 Session Word Count: 2000 words Contents Page Section A: Plan of Investigation page 3 Section B: Summary of Evidence page 3 Section C: Evaluation of Sources page 5 Section D: Analysis page 6 Section E: Conclusion page 8 Section F: Bibliography page 9 A: Plan of Investigation To what extent can Berlin or Vienna can be held accountable for the start of WW1? Subject: This investigation seeks to examine the origins of World War One in relation to Austria-Hungary and Germany. Furthermore, this investigation seeks to establish from which personages the pressure for war came and to assess to what extent each country can be held accountable for its outbreak. The debate revolves around the Orthodox viewpoint where Germany is held accountable and Nationalism in Austria-Hungary's case. Method a. Research for bibliography about the origins of WW1. Instrument: Books. The main criteria used for this selection were: reliability of the source, how recently they were written/updated. b. Examination of two primary sources to support main thesis: Count Szogyney, Austrian Ambassador in Berlin to Count Leopold Berchtold, Austro-Hungarian foreign minister, 5 July 1914 (letter) ...read more.

Middle

However, the source does not give us an ensemble of the decisions of Kaiser Franz Joseph "His Apostolic Majesty... would be reluctant to march into Serbia"7. This casts serious doubt of whether or not Austria-Hungary truly desired a European war as it was pressured by Germany. Another limitation consists of the fact that the source is a letter with specific personal opinions and not an official declaration of war by Austria-Hungary upon Serbia. Additionally, it does not give the full picture of events only concentrating on the relationship between Austria-Hungary and Germany and not on the global European diplomatic situation (July Crisis). Source B: War Fever in Vienna Excerpt from the front-page article in the London Times on 27th July 1914. Report from a correspondent in Vienna. The origin of Source B is Excerpt from an article in the London Times on 27th July 1914. The article was a report from a correspondent in Vienna. The purpose of this newspaper article is to inform the reader of the general situation and mood in Vienna concerning the Austro-Serb conflict after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. This is described as "war fever"8 in the article. This document is of great value to historians. It gives clear and concise details on the development of the general mood in Vienna towards an armed conflict with Serbia "A crowd ...another ...read more.

Conclusion

was seriously threatened by Serbian panslavist's ambitions. E: Conclusion In conclusion, Joachim Renak, Bernadotte Schmitt and F.R. Bridge all view that Austria-Hungary in July 1914 went to war to save itself. Fear dominated the Viennese planners; fear of Pan-Slavic nationalism; fear of loosing the military advantage to Serbia, Russia and France; and fear of forfeiting Berlin's support. Austria-Hungary had to emerge from the crisis as the dominant political force in the Balkans. Both the pace and the decision-making remained in the hands of Conrad von Hotzendorf, Austrian Chief of staff, and the Foreign Minister Berchtold. In July 1914, nothing short of war even a World War could achieve that purpose. Nonetheless, there is a general agreement amongst historians that German decision-making was a crucial element in the tense situation after the June assassination. It has been widely asserted by Fritz Fischer, John Leslie, John Lowe and Paul Kennedy that German foreign policy held the key to the situation in the summer of 1914. Bethmann Hollweg, Foreign prime minister, held the pivotal role. It was the German desire to profit diplomatically and militarily from the 'third Balkan crisis', which widened the conflict from an Eastern Europe one to a continental and world war. Ultimately, I believe for those reasons that Austria-Hungary and Germany both tried to exploit the July Crisis to their own benefits, engendering the First World War making them responsible for its origins. ...read more.

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