• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent can Hitler(TM)s rise to and consolidation of power be considered a Legal Revolution(TM)?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent can Hitler's rise to & consolidation of power be considered a 'Legal Revolution'? The political changes made by Hitler and the NSDAP between 1933 and 1934 were considered to be within the ambit of the consitution, and therefore legal. On the other hand, due to the dramatic results of these modifications we often call them a 'revolution'. However, it is worth questioning how far can we consider Hitler's rise and consolidation to power a 'legal revolution'. Hitler wanted to create a revolution from above. He did this step-by-step and in coordination with the constituion. Both the Enabling Act and the Gleichschaltung had clear references to the constituion and used literal words from it, proving that Hitler gaied executive powers to modify the whole range of political functions within the Reich in a legal manner. Therefore the purging of the bureaucracy of potential opponents, the combination of the chancellor's and the president's power into one and the law against the formation of parties was achieved through legal methods. ...read more.

Middle

With the authority gained from the Enabling Act, he turned Article 48 from something temporary - that was used to preserve democracy- into a permanent weapon against a parliamentary government. Laws issued under the Enabling Act abolished the rights of the L(nder legislatures and subordinated the state Ministers-President to the Ministry of Interior in Berlin. This destabilized the entire federal system which had been a central part of the Weimar consitution. Finally he pushed forward a law against the formation of parties, thus nullifying the purpose of voting, and extended the franchise of men and women over 20. The term of proportional representation lost its meaning under Hitler, something that - again- was a characteristic of the Weimar. Hitler worked constantly to destroy the constitution, and therefore it is absurd to call his political changes legal, when the aim of them was to destroy the meaning of legality. It is not even certain that the Nazis tried to keep in accordance with the constitution, as Hitler's 'legal' changes were accompanied by a considerable degree of mobilised pressure - of the very type that the constitution was originally conceived to prevent. ...read more.

Conclusion

The reason why Hitler tried to get rid of extremist members of the SA during the Night of the Long Knives, wasn't due to his keen desire to protect the standard of legality, but to keep himself safe. In any case, the word 'legal' can hardly be used to describe the methods by which the leaders of the SA were eliminated (unjustified executions). Finally, the Nazi apparatus came to be dominated by a body which was as far from the constitutional apparatus of the Weimar Republic as it is possible to conceive, proving that Hitler's aim was never to follow the priciple of legality, but to alter it according to his needs. He only tried to show a fa´┐Żade of legality at the beginning of his consolidation to power, as he had to be cautious till he gained the SS to his side as well. After this he openly boasted with the fact that he eliminated other parties, showing that he never tried to rise to and consolitade his power in a legal manner, but in a rather pragmatic one. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. French Revolution and the rise of Napoleon - revision notes

    and exported to central and Northern Europe by merchants. 1/4 of French national economy was export of sources from the colonies. Ancien regime collapsed, because: * Financial crisis - caused by inefficient and corrupt tax system (clergy and nobility had too many privileges). Government also made France to take part in American Revolution, which cost a lot of money.

  2. To what extent was Stalin's rise to power due to his opponents' mistakes?

    When Lenin died, the Russian population went in to mourning and wanted to honour him as much as possible. His funeral therefore became an important political event for the Party members to gain the people's support. Trotsky, who had been Lenin's right hand man throughout his career, failed to show up at the funeral (MacDonald 66).

  1. Castro's rise to power

    generated resentment and a deep sense of nationalism among the Cuban society. The majority of the population in Cuba was ignored and did not profit from any of the government's decisions. Gambling establishments, encouraged by Batista, in Cuba led to a moral degradation of the regime.

  2. Analyse the factors that contribute to Hitler(TM)s rise to power.

    became ingrained in the German mind. The idea of democracy... did not sprout in Germany". As a result of this, the German people could not get used to the idea of a democracy and thus did not look up to the Weimar government as a legitimate form of government in the first place.

  1. To what extent did ideology play a role in helping Hitler come to power ...

    stabilized and even relations between Germany and the Allied improved due to the steady reparation payments. During this so-called "Golden Period" German economy flourished; that was until the disastrous Wall Street crash in 1929. The Depression forced USA to cut off the Dawes Plan and stop all exports and imports.

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Students banned from belonging to student groups. 4. Peace in universities until 1887 and new rioting (increase in fees). 5. Students continued to organize themselves into unofficial regional societies, by the late 1890s individuals active in illegal political activity used them for unrest.

  1. Discuss the methods used by Hitler to Consolidate Power at 1933 1934

    It basically "Nazified" the entire German society. Numerous new legislations were introduced to the new Nazi society to impose Hitler's authority upon the Germans, thus consolidate his power. An example is the Law against the New Formation of Parties, the KPD and the SPD were officially banned, all other political

  2. Assess the methods and conditions which enabled Hitler to rise to power.

    Hitler's perception (crucial to his rise), of the wants of the Germans was clearly displayed by his promises. He assured the stability that the German people long waited for, however no real evidence was shown to discuss how Hitler was going to achieve this.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work