• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To What Extent Can It Be Said That 20th Century Wars Are Not Caused By One Country Only?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To What Extent Can It Be Said That 20th Century Wars Are Not Caused By One Country Only? In 1919, the Treaty of Versailles placed all war guilt for the First World War upon Germany and no other countries were found to be even partially responsible for it. It stated that Germany was the only country to have triggered it by encouraging Austria to attack Serbia and had to accept full responsibility for the damages of war. However, as well as it can be argued that such was the right decision, it is also discussed that other countries, or even all countries involved share the blame. A German historian, Fischer, studied German archives, focusing on important figures. He concluded that Germany was prepared for the war in order to become a greater power and encouraged Austria-Hungary to go to war with Serbia, even though it was known that other countries other than the two would be involved. ...read more.

Middle

For example, Britain could focus its economy on the war, as there were many other countries from which they could get money. However, Germany did not have such resources and its wish to expand and equal Britain and France would evidently cause turbulence. Imperialism, a country's wish to have lands subject to their rule was also a cause of the First World War. While it may be said that it was Germany's desire to become imperialist by taking over colonies and European lands that motivated it into the war, countries such as Britain and France may also share the blame for being imperialist in first place, as Lenin said. He disagreed with the idea of a country "owning" another, and felt that European countries lust for power caused the constantly threatening atmosphere in the continent. Nationalism, which nowadays may be seen as a good thing to a country had a different meaning in the beginning of the 20th century. ...read more.

Conclusion

He suggests that Germany bluffed when encouraging Austria-Hungary to go to war with Serbia, thinking that the Russians would not protect it, and began the First World War. As Fischer argued, Germany caused the First World War and also influenced Hitler do repeat the process years later with the same expansionist aims. However, there is much criticism to his thesis in that it was incomplete and focused only on Germany and no other countries' role in the outbreak of war was considered. Even though it can be argued that Germany was the main country responsible for the war, every possible cause for it discussed involves another country's co-operation or rivalry, making it extremely hard to blame one single country for the war, even though it may seem the easiest thing that needs to be done. History is many times written by the winners, which seems to be the case, as Germany alone could not have been responsible for all causes of the war. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. "To what extent can it be said that the First World War was caused ...

    Each alliance was formed to either isolate or be aggressive towards an excluded country. In order to diplomatically isolate France, Otto Von Bismarck, a German Chancellor, formed the Three Emperors League in 1872, an alliance between Germany, Russia and Austria-Hungary.

  2. The Grand Bazaar is the public place of the Istanbul and even all the ...

    The biggest full-scale restoration of bazaar was after this earthquake. In addition to being biggest full-scale restoration, the restoration in 1894 was also different from others. In these times, the Istanbul also was under the effect of Westernization. So, the affect of this trend also affected the reconstruction of the bazaar.

  1. To what extent did the Prague spring weaken Moscow(TM)s hold over Czechoslovakia, and Eastern ...

    satellite states. There was a large sense of irony in this for Czechoslovakia was the largest country in the Eastern Bloc, and had originally served as the largest piece of the Soviet bulwark. The Prague Spring grew in nature exponentially. There was talk of corporate, religious, and even political pluralism.

  2. Gandhi's Ahimsa Strategy. Gandhi has been described as The most famous Indian since ...

    These campaigns were very popular and a lot of people showed up for demonstrations. In 1921 they went out of control. The Prince of Wales was visiting India and the people made demonstrations, it ended violently and 30,000 people were arrested.

  1. 20th Century History Revision Notes

    are detained or confined. -Death camps composed of gas chambers. Final Solution -Extermination of all Jews; complete destruction -Round up all Jews and sent to camps to be killed. -Died in gas chambers, starvation, diseases, murdered Total War -Term used in WW2 referring to Canada?s mobilization of all its resources, human and material to wage war.

  2. Examine the methods used and the conditions which helped the rise to power of ...

    Before him, there were no laws that defended workers, there weren’t worker’s rights. There were two main reasons why Perón’s role in the Secretariat of Labor strengthened his position. Firstly, that the left-wing parties that seemed to represent the interest of the workers, lost their appeal.

  1. The Causes of WW1. First World War caused by MANIA: Militarism - Alliances ...

    Triple entente: UK, France and Russia Settled colonial disputes Recognized Germany as the common enemy No military agreements! Alliances - how important was this as a cause of the war? On the one hand, YES -The alliance systems in Europe escalated the Balkan affair (instability and disputes between A-H and Serbia)

  2. To what extent were economic conditions the predominant factor in the proliferation and manifestation ...

    this that provided the radicals of the left and right with an ideal point of demagogic criticism in order to win support. The three parties identified with new system were the SPD (Social Democrats), the Centre Party, and the liberal German Democratic Party, members of the so called ?Weimar Coalition?.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work