• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent can the origins of the cold war be linked to the Russian revolution?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent can the origins of the cold war be linked to the Russian revolution? The Cold War was caused by the conflicting ideologies of the United States and USSR. The tension was further heightened through both nations striking out for expansion with their inability to resolve the issue and the threat of nuclear war. Therefore the Post-Revisionist interpretations are adopted. The conflicting natures of communist and capitalist ideologies were themselves the major contributor to the start of the Cold War. One Historian, Howard Roffmann, states that the ideological origins of the Cold War "proceeded from the very moment the Bolsheviks triumphed in Russia in 1917". This created an immediate hostility between Soviet Russia and the Western states due to the conflicting ideologies of communism and capitalism. It can be justified by how the Western states initially attempted to prevent Bolshevism at birth by intervening in the Russian civil war backing Bolshevism's opponents. However US historian, Anders Stephanson, interprets that there was not a proper Cold War during the 1920s and 1930s and hence 1917 did not mark the ideological origins of the war. This was because the USA and USSR were both isolated after WW1 and therefore could not attempt to export revolution. ...read more.

Middle

Both the Traditionalist and Revisionist interpretations offer worthy support and therefore the Post-Revisionist standpoint is correct. It was each country's attitude, not just one or the other that increased the tension and hostility between them. The economic devastation of Europe is another main aspect in the origins of the Cold War. The US devised the Marshall Plan which devoted to support European nations through economic recovery. The Traditionalist perspective of the Marshall Plan was that its purpose was to revive the worlds working economy so as to permit the emergence of political and social conditions in which free institutions can exist. In 1947, George Marshall US secretary of state said in a speech "Our policy is directed not against any country or doctrine but against hunger, poverty, desperation, and chaos". The US saw the rejection of the Marshall Plan by the Soviet Union as aggressive. The Revisionists view countered this. They believed the Marshall Plan was used as a political weapon to prevent Russia's expansion by dominating the West European country's economies as capitalism needs worldwide open markets and a recovered economy to function. This placed the countries under the US's economic control. The policy therefore conflicts with not only George Marshall's speech but also the principles expressed by the General Assembly in its resolution of 11th December, 1946, which declares that relief supplies to other countries "should at no time be used as a political weapon". ...read more.

Conclusion

The difference was that the Cold War didn't become a "hot war" like WW1 and WW2 due to the balance of terror between the nuclear weapons which could have led to destruction on an immense scale. (intro- is it all about ideology, cause 1917 made Russia the first communist state of the world. They are excluded from United Nations. Economically the 20s and 30s allow the USSR to move forward because of the avoiding of the Great Depression) Ideology of communism-opposed politically. Social and Economic. Cold war all to do with germans and asia is a sideshow. Economic cause- 1991 soviet archives believed it came down to Stalins decision to defend himself, primarily economic. The reasons for this can be seen as the desire of the USA to establish a global, economic free trade zone at the end of ww2 in order to maintain its hegemony this contrasts with the soviet necessity for reparations and reconstruction through a command economy. The Cold War began with the implementation of Comecon and the Marshall Plan. 1975 the USSR couldn't afford to carry on, it is reliant on cheap imports. Para 1 thought economic causes (how did they make an a bomb id in crisis)- cr A h Para 2 anithesiss- ideological/political cr A h ?? ?? ?? ?? Karl Al-Omar ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Revision notes - Causes of the French Revolution and the Development of the Revolution ...

    King under a great deal of pressure from his wife, Marie Antoinette, and his brother to stand firm, declared that any resolutions made by the Third Estate were void and that Estates General should continue to meet in three separate assemblies.

  2. Investigation: The Cuban Missile Crisis as a Thaw in the Cold War

    In your statement you expressed the opinion that the main aim was not simply to come to an agreement and take measures to prevent contact between our vessels and consequently a deepening of the crisis which could, as a result of such contacts, spark a military conflict, after which all

  1. Was the Russian Revolution due more to tsars inadequacy as a ruler of the ...

    Because he allowed his wife Alexandra and her advisor Rasputin to influence his political decisions, people discredited the tsar's government. Nicholas II personality also made him "ill equipped to be an autocrat...mild-mannered, of limited ability, narrowly educated, disliking governance, and drawn more to the trivia of administration than to major

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Personal and family ties with the King of Prussia, his uncle. 3. Russia remained neutral during the Franco-Prussian War but sent officers, doctors, and field hospitals to help the German army. 4. Alexander did not recognize the threat of a strong militarized neighbor.

  1. To what extent were Stalins economic policies successful up to 1940?

    Quotas were even set to the human scale, where each man and woman were set a ?norm?, which was the minimum number produced per week. Workers who worked over the norm were rewarded with additional pay, extra food, and improved housing.

  2. To What Extent Did The Space Race Exacerbate Political Tensions Between The USA and ...

    The lengths gone to by both political superpowers to keep track of the other superpower, while at the same time resolving the fallout (in America?s case, quite literally) of a global war. Political tensions in terms of a sense of distrust and hostility towards the USSR became a public affair

  1. US History. To what extent were the aims of Reconstruction achieved by 1877?

    Also, reconstruction achieved it aims and was successful as, the South had to accept the rules of the United States constitution, ?God save the constitution?, the 13th amendment which banned slavery was part of the constitution, this the ?southern states must explicitly acknowledge?, and so, the legal basis for continuing

  2. He brought his country and his people nothing but harm. To what extent do ...

    that Stalin aimed only to secure his dictatorship with the series of Five Year Plans implemented rather than improve the deplorable quality of life the people were subjected to. Within these Plans, heavy industry was constantly emphasised, and to a lesser degree communications sources such as railways, which helped with the deployment of resources across the country.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work