• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent can the origins of the cold war be linked to the Russian revolution?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent can the origins of the cold war be linked to the Russian revolution? The Cold War was caused by the conflicting ideologies of the United States and USSR. The tension was further heightened through both nations striking out for expansion with their inability to resolve the issue and the threat of nuclear war. Therefore the Post-Revisionist interpretations are adopted. The conflicting natures of communist and capitalist ideologies were themselves the major contributor to the start of the Cold War. One Historian, Howard Roffmann, states that the ideological origins of the Cold War "proceeded from the very moment the Bolsheviks triumphed in Russia in 1917". This created an immediate hostility between Soviet Russia and the Western states due to the conflicting ideologies of communism and capitalism. It can be justified by how the Western states initially attempted to prevent Bolshevism at birth by intervening in the Russian civil war backing Bolshevism's opponents. However US historian, Anders Stephanson, interprets that there was not a proper Cold War during the 1920s and 1930s and hence 1917 did not mark the ideological origins of the war. This was because the USA and USSR were both isolated after WW1 and therefore could not attempt to export revolution. ...read more.

Middle

Both the Traditionalist and Revisionist interpretations offer worthy support and therefore the Post-Revisionist standpoint is correct. It was each country's attitude, not just one or the other that increased the tension and hostility between them. The economic devastation of Europe is another main aspect in the origins of the Cold War. The US devised the Marshall Plan which devoted to support European nations through economic recovery. The Traditionalist perspective of the Marshall Plan was that its purpose was to revive the worlds working economy so as to permit the emergence of political and social conditions in which free institutions can exist. In 1947, George Marshall US secretary of state said in a speech "Our policy is directed not against any country or doctrine but against hunger, poverty, desperation, and chaos". The US saw the rejection of the Marshall Plan by the Soviet Union as aggressive. The Revisionists view countered this. They believed the Marshall Plan was used as a political weapon to prevent Russia's expansion by dominating the West European country's economies as capitalism needs worldwide open markets and a recovered economy to function. This placed the countries under the US's economic control. The policy therefore conflicts with not only George Marshall's speech but also the principles expressed by the General Assembly in its resolution of 11th December, 1946, which declares that relief supplies to other countries "should at no time be used as a political weapon". ...read more.

Conclusion

The difference was that the Cold War didn't become a "hot war" like WW1 and WW2 due to the balance of terror between the nuclear weapons which could have led to destruction on an immense scale. (intro- is it all about ideology, cause 1917 made Russia the first communist state of the world. They are excluded from United Nations. Economically the 20s and 30s allow the USSR to move forward because of the avoiding of the Great Depression) Ideology of communism-opposed politically. Social and Economic. Cold war all to do with germans and asia is a sideshow. Economic cause- 1991 soviet archives believed it came down to Stalins decision to defend himself, primarily economic. The reasons for this can be seen as the desire of the USA to establish a global, economic free trade zone at the end of ww2 in order to maintain its hegemony this contrasts with the soviet necessity for reparations and reconstruction through a command economy. The Cold War began with the implementation of Comecon and the Marshall Plan. 1975 the USSR couldn't afford to carry on, it is reliant on cheap imports. Para 1 thought economic causes (how did they make an a bomb id in crisis)- cr A h Para 2 anithesiss- ideological/political cr A h ?? ?? ?? ?? Karl Al-Omar ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. To what extent was Stalin's rise to power due to his opponents' mistakes?

    If Trotsky had been there, the Russian population would have looked at him as Lenin's right hand man instead of Stalin. The weather circumstances of 1927 and '28 also benefited him positively. The bad weather had led to poor harvests and a general scarcity of food in Russia (Simpson).

  2. Free essay

    Why did Japan adopt Fascism in 1930s?

    more attractive ideas like nationalism which lead people to follow them instead of the government. (Tan, 2010) In the 1920s, Japan was facing many unresolved economic problems. In the 1920s, nearly half the farmers had less than one and a quarter acres of land left.

  1. Revision notes - Causes of the French Revolution and the Development of the Revolution ...

    This is known as the Tennis Court Oath, 20th June, 1789. They declared that all taxes were invalidated unless approved by the National Assembly. In essence the National Assembly declared itself the legitimate government of France. They were led by Mirabeau and Abbe Sieyes in their revolt against the monarchy and nobility.

  2. French Revolution and the rise of Napoleon - revision notes

    commonly they were called The Jacobins Club, because its sessions were held in former monastery of the Dominicans, who were known in Paris as Jacobins). Their main purpose was to protect the Revolution against possibly aristocratic reaction. The club soon admitted new deputies, usually prospered bourgeoisie or men of letters.

  1. To what extent, if any, did the Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster contribute to the fall ...

    evacuations included only a fraction of the population in contamination zones.30 As opposed to its initial response to the explosion, the Soviet government was much more decisive in addressing outside concern. Its response was mainly public reassurance, deflection of criticism, and selective cooperation with external agencies.

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Turkey would lose of its territory in Europe, 2. Big Bulgaria would be created going from Danube to the Aegean 3. Armenia and Bessarabia would be given to Russia 4. Austria got Bosnia & Herzegovina. independent Serbia and Montenegro Britain refused because Bulgaria would have been under Russian influence 1.

  1. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    Before 1948, almost 90% of Jews had arrived from Europe, and by 1961 they represented only 55% of the population. This coming together in Israel of the Ashkenazim, or European, Jews (who had played such a central role in building up the national home)

  2. To what extent was Germany the focus of Cold War hostility between 1945 and ...

    Afterwards, in 1954, West Germany was admitted into NATO, which conformed the Soviet fear and the Soviet Union denounced the formation of Warsaw Pact. This caused the division of Europe into two power blocs. Thus, the concentration of activities in Germany and their impact in the development of cold war made it clearly the focus at that time.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work