• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent did ideology play a role in helping Hitler come to power in 1933?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent did ideology play a role in helping Hitler come to power in 1933? Hitler came to power in 1933 after a long struggle rooted back to as late as 1919. However, when he became Chancellor, he wasn't in full power as the President, Hindenburg, was still in full command and a coalition government was present. To change these circumstances he had to win a two-thirds majority in the Reichstag. Many historians say that it was due to his ideologies that he gained that majority and changed his status into the Fuhrer of Germany. 'Ideologies' being a set of beliefs, were never defined for Hitler and through the course of his rein we can see that his beliefs changed to suit the situation. There were many other factors that contributed to his success and evidence shows that ideology was only part of his scheme to power. What were Hitler's ideologies? Hitler never really stuck to one set of beliefs, however they revolved around a strong sense of anti-Semitism, anti-communism and lebensraum. Anti-Semitism and anti-communism were emerging ideas at that time when during a time of hardship people needed someone to blame. ...read more.

Middle

On the other hand, there were other factors helping Hitler to rise to power such as the ineffectiveness and flaws of the Weimar Republic. To begin with, the system was set up on the wary proportional representation system. Through this was favourable as it allowed smaller parties to be heard it did not have a limit to the number of parties that could be part of the government thus not allowing a majority in the government. With no majority, there was a confusion of ideologies and coalition policies slowed down the decision process tremendously. This made the public unhappy, as the Weimar Republic created no noticeable change to Germany. Moreover, the Republic was setup after the signing of the Treaty Of Versailles. Many people called them the "November Criminals" and the apparent hatred for the treaty was instead directed towards the government. Article 48, which gave Hindenburg the President, complete power, added to this sense of fall through as through this he could appoint and dismiss any Chancellor he wished. Thus, in the early in 1930's in a span of three years Germany experienced six different Chancellors. This political instability ensured that German politics was as insignificant as it could be on the society it served. ...read more.

Conclusion

This aura attracted many people and caused a rapid increase in party membership. Along with that, Hitler used the intrinsic inclination towards the military that the Germans had by establishing the SS and the SA. These not only created a sense of power and control but as they were terrorising organisations, they intimidated people during election time to vote for the Nazi party. Hitler was a strong leader with will power and a demonic want to succeed. Though ideology was part of his climb to power, it was one of the many others, which together contributed to his rise. He used circumstances to his advantage and created a clean path to power for the Nazi party. By 1933, he had established ties with people like Ludendoff, which granted him military strength and major industrialists, which stabilised him economically. His stature was increased though the effectiveness and outstretch of propaganda of the party through regions and his skill as a leader. Hitler was a political genius who realised that Germany was naturally progressed towards authoritarian regimes and was not ready, or more rightly, willing to take the path of democracy. His rise to power was systematic and powerful. It is inarguable that Hitler truly worked hard for his position and was politically worthy, if not ideologically, for the position as Fuhrer of Germany. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. History Investigation - Hitler

    Conclusion Throughout their history, Germans had favored strong and effective leadership. The Weimar Republic had suffered a series of disasters. Many Germans believed that a dictatorship would improve Germany's fortunes. The Depression affected the whole world. Germany, with its damages and loans, seemed incapable of adapting.

  2. History internal Assessment (The subsidiary role of women in Nazi society)

    However, the speech was told publicly and we do not know if the view Hitler declared are not told in order to manipulate people. He uses metaphors concerning the ideal world: small of women, men's big and complementation of those.

  1. How did the American anticommunism beliefs help advance the civil rights movement in the ...

    The creation of the organization put together all other black organizations, which caused King and Hoover to soon become associated with one another on the ideas of communism and civil rights, especially when King planned for marches across the South to express the desires for equal rights and until black citizens are able to obtain those rights.

  2. The influence of socialism on the development of universal human rights

    The Chartist Movement was a working-class movement radicalized by its political experience. Although not all the demands of the Chartists were initially met, they did inspire others to renew their quest for universal suffrage. Other socialists' ideas came up, including: anti-slavery, denouncing the plight of child factory workers, public education, safe work environment and the reduction of daily working hours.

  1. Can the period between 1924-1929 really be called the Golden period for the Weimar ...

    even in terms of disarmament where in 1926 the Inter-Allied Military Control Commission withdrew from Germany. Moreover, he even used this to raise the issue of German minorities in its lost lands. Along with this, Stresemann manipulated the Treaty of Berlin to not only improve relations with USSR but to

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    He had always been extremely concerned with the defence of the state, and it was widely believed that he would never jeopardise Israel's security in any kind of territorial compromise. Peres, although admired and loved by many, was perceived as a weaker leader than Rabin.

  1. Factors That Helped The Rise of the Nazis

    He has also been criticized for ignoring totalitarian trends at the time as well being ignorant of Nazi scholarship. Johnson, Paul, Modern Times, Harper Perennial, 1992. This source is an extract from a book published in 1992 by Paul Johnson.

  2. US History. To what extent were the aims of Reconstruction achieved by 1877?

    rudimentary civil rights and liberties?, they tried to maintain slavery, for example ?freedmen were required to hire themselves out by the year and were denied to leave their employment?, therefore these black codes went against the Reconstruction aims and therefore the northern whites began a campaign to stop their use

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work