• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  14. 14
    14
  15. 15
    15
  16. 16
    16
  17. 17
    17
  18. 18
    18
  19. 19
    19
  20. 20
    20
  21. 21
    21
  22. 22
    22

To what extent did nationalism contribute to the creation and expansion of the Indochinese Communist Party?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Table of Contents: Introduction page 2 Nationalism page 2 The Impact of China on Vietnamese Nationalism page 4 The Impact of French Colonialism on the ICP page 5 The Impact of Anti-colonial Movements on the Birth of the ICP page 6 Japanese Occupation and the Impact of WW2 on page 7 Vietnamese Nationalism Indochinese Communist Party page 8 Role of Ho Chi Minh page 8 Ideologies, Organization and Tactics page 10 Conclusion page 11 Analysis of Sources page 11 Bibliography page 13 Appendices page 14 Appendix I page 14 Appendix II page 15 Appendix III page 16 Appendix IV page 17 Appendix V page 18 Appendix VI page 19 Appendix VII page 20 Appendix VIII page 21 Introduction The year 1945 is the most important date in the history of Vietnam. Two weeks after the Japanese occupation ended, the Indochinese Communist Party (ICP) and its associated groups seized power from what remained of the "Japanese-sponsored royal government. On 2 September, Ho Chi Minh, proclaimed the Democratic Republic of Vietnam"1 with himself as president of a provisional government headquartered in Hanoi. The ICP is the currently ruling Marxist-Leninist Communist Party and the only legal political party in Vietnam. To understand how the Indochinese Communist Party (ICP) came to power, it is necessary to analyze the creation and expansion of nationalism. In this case, nationalism is the patriotic feeling or principles that have created and led to the creation and expansion of the ICP and finally to creation of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1954. There are other factors that have also contributed to the creation and expansion of Indochinese Communist Party such as the role of Ho Chi Minh, communist ideology and the tactics used by the party itself. This topic is of particular interest as the creation and expansion of the ICP is often seen as an offshoot and duplicate of Russian and Chinese communism. ...read more.

Middle

Furthermore, most of their recruits were "students, soldiers, low-level bureaucrats, women and small-business owners"14. Their members being urban intellectuals had no rural, ethnical, broad or popular support. These two principal weaknesses made it easier for the French to hunt down. Phan Boi Chau was paroled to home confinement in 1940 and by the time of his death he was a relic of the past. Most of the party members were arrested and many were executed after a failed and futile armed rebellion, February 1930. The failures and annihilation of these nationalist parties cleared a pathway for the creation of the Indochinese Communist Party, February 3, 1930. The latter to counter their predecessor mistakes enlisted a broader segment of the population in a more disciplined front specifically adapted to suit Vietnam's need and nationalistic features. In this case this disciplined front was Marxist-Leninism directed by Nguyen Ai Quoc (Ho Chi Minh). Nonetheless, the primary efforts of the Indochinese Communist Party (ICP) would have not been enough to topple the French colonial system, thus the impact of World War Two and Japanese occupation cannot be neglected when examining the rise of Vietnamese nationalism central to the creation and expansion of the ICP. Japanese Occupation and the Impact of WW2 on Vietnamese Nationalism When French Indochina fell in 1940 to the Japanese (appendix VI), Ho Chi Minh quickly came to realize that French rule had been fatally undermined. Japanese occupation was no better then that of the French as Vietnam was still exploited to suit Japan's own interest and profit through the administration of the Vichy French. To this end, the French collaborationist government of Vichy and the Japanese from 1941-5 used every means necessary to destroy the revolutionary movement. For example, the policy of rice collection was used to cause hunger and starvation among the Vietnamese population "in order to dampen their revolutionary spirit ... food supplies for the French themselves and the Japanese"15. ...read more.

Conclusion

usually beginning with French colonial rule over Indochina. Nevertheless, all these sources all have values and limitations with regard to a historian studying this particular time period. The main value of all these documents is that they provide in their appendix a series of documents and official papers dating from the period 1920 to 1979. This provides the historian with precise information of the time as well as an analysis. This allowed for the use of quotations in my Extended Essay and can be used to verify the veracity of the authors' writings and evaluations. Nonetheless, there are some limitations to all the sources used. They usually only provided extensive and analytical information on the Vietnam War and on the role of the United States, not appropriate to my Extended Essay. All my sources were as such except for Vietnam and America a documented history by Jane Franklin, Contested Spaces Conflict in Indochina by Thomas Cantwell and The Columbia Guide to the Vietnam War by David Anderson. They provided documents and information on the totality of Vietnamese History usually starting with Chinese influence over Vietnam. Thomas Cantwell provided a detailed and lengthy account of the whole of Vietnamese History with pictures and other visual illustrations that were of great value to the creation of my appendix and use of quotations. However, Cantwell's account was limited in conclusions and analyzes whilst relating the events as done by David Anderson. Even if David's division of themes and topics greatly facilitated my research, his accounts were either too brief or limited in the amount of information given. This only provided a concise historical background with numerous conclusions and limited amount of data. Usually, written by Western authors and not being able to access documents written in Vietnamese, the sources could potentially be biased not adopting a neutral stance whilst relating the events. To be able to analyze correctly to what extent did nationalism contribute the creation and expansion of the Indochinese Communist Party, I would have to use both Western and Vietnamese sources. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. World War 1 Information

    > Free navigation of all seas > End all economic barriers between countries > Countries reduce weapon numbers > All decisions regarding colonies should be impartial > German Army removed from Russia, leaving Russia to develop its own politics > Belgium should be independent > France should be fully liberated

  2. US and the Vietnam War

    War Bird Forum. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Nov. 2009. <http://www.warbirdforum.com/media.htm>. "The trail [The Ho Chi Minh Trail] undeniably lay at the heart of the war." "Wars and Battles, Vietnam War." Ho Chi Minh Trail. 21 Jan. 2009 <http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1875.html>. "The Ho Chi Minh Trail...

  1. Treaty Versailles Essay

    The other losing countries of World War I were given terms that they had to do, but in the end Germany had it worse. Making Germany pay for all of the damages that was caused by the war in the victorious countries, risking their protection by taking away their forces

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Weaknesses 1. Spread slowly (43/70 provinces by 1914). 74% nobles in provincial assemblies. 2. Dominated by landowners so they could run local affairs to their advantage. 3. Demotivated by governors? power to reverse decisions. Reforms did not continue. Judicial reforms 1865 1.

  1. Mao and China Revision Guide

    Supporting Groups: Where support for regime was gotten The regime was mainly supported by peasants Most people supported them in the beginning because their nationalist aims to rid China of the Japanese increased the Communists' popularity among the people. They believed that the Communist did have China's best at heart and started to support them.

  2. Explain the USAs policy of containment. How successful was this in Korea, Vietnam and ...

    This meant that America would give the war back to South Vietnamese while supplying them with US arms, equipment and economic aid. However in 1970 US planes began to bond areas in Laos and Cambodia in order to destroy the Ho Chi Minh Trail.

  1. What was the main cause of the French Revolution?

    This inequality led to a general resentment of the feudal system, which was especially dangerous given that 97% of France's populace belonged to the third estate. After the Seven Years' War, France faced severe financial difficulties and needed an economic reform.

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    - In this plan, Zionists were granted 60% of country, with the more fertile soil. This inequality of land size and quality led to the rejection of the partition by Arab populations, which was further irritating because prior to the partition in no district had Jews ever owned more than land than Arabs.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work