• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To What Extent Did The Failure of the January 1966 Coup Lead to the Outbreak of the Nigerian Civil War?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Sean Okundaye HISTORICAL INVESTIGATION To What Extent Did The Failure of the January 1966 Coup Lead to the Outbreak of the Nigerian Civil War? Word Count: 1,986 (Excluding title page, headings, footnotes, contents page and bibliography) 14/05/2010 CONTENTS * A. PLAN OF INVESTIGATION ........... PAGE 3 * B. SUMMARY OF EVIDENCE........... PAGE 3 * C. EVALUATION OF SOURCES........... PAGE 6 * D. ANALYSIS........... PAGE 8 * E. CONCLUSION........... PAGE 10 * F. BIBLIOGRAPHY........... PAGE 11 A. PLAN OF INVESTIGATION This is an investigation in order to answer the question: To what extent did the failure of the January 1966 coup lead to the outbreak of the civil war? I will evaluate the extent to which the failed coup of January 1966 made war inevitable. I will also evaluate the extent to which ethnic tensions between the mainly Hausa-Fulani Northerners and the Igbo Easterners of Nigeria and the 1966 anti-Igbo pogrom in Northern Nigeria, caused primarily by the failed coup, led to the secession of Biafra from Nigeria thus making war inevitable. I will also look at the state of the economy before the war. Two of the sources used in this investigation-Nigeria 1966: The Turning Point by Chukwudum Ikeazor and Africa: A Modern History by Guy Arnold will be evaluated with respect to their origin, purpose, value and limitations. ...read more.

Middle

EVALUATION OF SOURCES Nigeria 1966: the Turning Point by Chukwudum Ikeazor (1997, New Millennium) The purpose of this source is to offer in-depth analysis of the first coup of January 15th 1966 as well as the politics, bloodshed and the subsequent counter coup in July. Ikeazor addresses the fact that the failure of Nigerians to reconcile and recover from 1966 led to the outbreak of war on July 6th 1967. The value of the source lies in the evaluation of the mentality of the Nigerian people at the time which affected the way in which the coups were received. Ikeazor made enquiries of living witnesses, victims and participants of the events of 1966-1967 and spoke to various military and civilian participants from both sides, meaning that there is an element of fairness. The origin of the source lies in the author's Igbo ethnicity and therefore the limitation is that the author may have, construed the events in a way which would be more sympathetic to one side than another. Ikeazor himself addresses this with his admission that "I fully recognise that our different environments and backgrounds shape our perceptions to a great degree and therefore, certain things are often seen differently by different people."26 Africa: A Modern History by Guy Arnold (2005, Atlantic Books) ...read more.

Conclusion

Therefore, it was only natural that a sympathetic group of military officials would want to take matters in to their own hands so as to bring stability to the country. This however, only served to cause further conflict. E. CONCLUSION The failure of the first coup can only be held partly accountable for the outbreak of war when one looks at the evidence. The failure of the coup acted as a catalyst to the problems which were brewing in Nigeria. Though there was a recession and corruption was rife, this could not have single-handedly led to war. Indeed, had ethnic and religious tensions not been so engrained in the political psyche of the Nigerian people then the coup would not have been interpreted in the way that it was. These tensions were the largest factor in the outbreak of war because these were the reasons why all the pogroms were carried out. Ethnic tensions are what led to the Igbo fleeing to the Eastern Region and forming Biafra. This meant that war was inevitable since it would have been crippling to the Nigerian economy if such an oil-rich region was lost. Therefore, in answer to this essays question, I say that the coup was only partially to blame; it was ethnic tensions which ultimately made war inevitable. F. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. The Civil War was not inevitable; it was the result of extremism and failures ...

    Essentially, slavery was the backbone of the South's economical success. If the South lost its' slaves, it would have to pay for work force and labor, which will disintegrate the economic system of the South.

  2. WW2 historical investigation. To assess the degree to which intelligence lead to the victory ...

    30 In 1943 the U-boats effectiveness drastically decreased as it only sunk 310 merchant vessels at the cost of 254 U-boats. 31By 1944, the allies were sinking more U-boats then the Germans could construct. 32As a consequence, "on the 4th of May 1945 D�nitz called the U-boats to cease hostiles

  1. To what extent did the Prague spring weaken Moscow(TM)s hold over Czechoslovakia, and Eastern ...

    between 1949 and 1954 and "moral personal and financial compensation" to persons affected by the rehabilitation. 8. Exclusion from important posts in the country's social and political life for those people who had taken part in past persecutions.11 People took advantage of these new freedoms.

  2. The Chinese Civil War

    With all of these, the CCP's military strengthened with more peasants joining and towards the end the Communists' troop strength surpassed the Nationalists'. "As the People's Liberation Army (PLA) began winning large-scale battles in northern China, Communists started picking strong support in urban areas.

  1. Cold War Study Guide - Compare/contrast the Vietnam War policies of Lyndon Johnson and ...

    But it was the weakening of the Soviet Union (through fear) that the US and China were able to establish the policy of d�tente with the Soviet Union. CARTER: When elected, Carter focused mainly on reducing the involvement with Vietnam.

  2. the causes and consequences of the spanish civil war

    Finally, although not much of a direct result of the Spanish Civil War as it is an "aftermath" event, Spain is now a democratic constitutional monarchy within the European Union. Franco died in 1975, having earlier named Juan Carlos, the grandson of Alfonso XIII, his successor.

  1. To what extent was President Lyndon B. Johnson responsible for the escalation of the ...

    Due to continuance in the escalation of the war after the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution and a lack of explanation from the government, increasing numbers of American's started questioning the US role in Vietnam. Therefore, on the 7th of April 1965, Johnson delivered a speech at John Hopkins University.

  2. I.B Internal Assessment- History- Assess the aims and impact of the Black Panthers between ...

    Police brutality was very popular in the ghettos, and the goal of the Black Panther Party was to end this act of violence and allow Black People to defend themselves20. The Party was a strong believer in the right to bear arms, and according to Bush, violence was justified, as it was an act of self-defence21.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work