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To what extent did the failures of the Provisional Government cause the November 1917 Revolution?

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October/November 1917 Russian Revolution. To what extent did the failures of the Provisional Government cause the November 1917 Revolution? The aim of this investigation is to determine if the failures of the Provisional Government caused the November 1917 Revolution[1] or not. Failure, in this case, is the condition of not satisfying the requests of Russian people[2]. Background knowledge will be included in the essay. By abdicating in March 1917, Tsar Nicholas II marked the end of Tsarism in Russia[3], and the setup of a Provisional Government, a self-proclaimed liberal form of government, with Prince Lvov as Prime Minister [4] for only 4 months. In July 1917, he was replaced by Alexander Kerensky[5]. At the same time, a council was created; the Petrograd Soviet of Workers? and Soldiers? Deputies[6]. The new government failed to win support among the different groups who had taken part in the March Revolution and the rest of Russian people from the start due to different reasons. The first and probably most considerable failure of the Provisional government was its decision to continue with the First World War, which had started in 1914[7]. ...read more.


In addition, due to the big human cost and shock of the July Days, Prince Lvov resigned, leaving Kerensky in power[12]. The speculation of Communist participation and Lvov?s resignation considerably increased the popularity of Bolshevism. A month after this event, Kornilov, now Commander in Chief of the army, was responsible for the Kornilov Affair. Seeing the Bolsheviks as traitors, he wanted the government to deal more harshly with the communists, but thought the Provisional Government would not do so. For that reason, he decided to move against the soviet to take power, bringing troops towards the city of Petrograd. However, many of his soldiers mutinied, and those who had not faced 20,000 Red Guards as enemies, part of a force created by the workers of Petrograd to defend the city[13]. The attempted takeover was a failure, and Kornilov was arrested. This event evinced the collapse of Army discipline, and made public opinion support the Bolsheviks, the only party who promised to achieve peace. Apart from these factors, the Provisional Government?s success to meet the hopes and expectations of Russia?s different social groups is another factor which increased support of Bolshevism and the later arrival of the November 1917 Revolution. ...read more.


Provisional Government?s failure to satisfy the demands of peasants, workers, immigrants and the army made these consider Bolshevism as a good alternative to a weak, violent and corrupt government. That way, the failures of the Provisional Government significantly contributed to the onset of the November 1917 Revolution. Number of words: 1076. ________________ [1] A series of events where the Bolsheviks, a Communist party, overthrew the Provisional Government and rose to power, turning Russia into a Communist country. [2] Free Dictionary, The. [Online] Available. URL: www.thefreedictionary.com/inevitable (Accessed on 24/05/12) [3] St. Matthew?s College. World History IB Senior 2 (Higher). Page 467. [4] Lowe, Norman (2005). Mastering Modern World History. London: Palgrave Macmillan. 4th edition. p. 344. [5] Ibid (page 344). [6] Ibid [7] St. Matthew?s College. World. Op. Cit. Page 471. [8] Simkin, John. Financial Cost of the First World War. [Online] Available. http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWcosts.htm (Accessed on 24/05/12) [9] Britannica Encyclopedia. June Offensive. [Online] Available. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/308180/June-Offensive (Accessed on 24/05/2012). [10] Britannica Encyclopedia. Op. Cit. (Accessed on 24/05/2012). [11] The Provisional Government. [Online] Available. http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/provisional_government.htm (Accessed on 26/05/2012). [12] Lowe, Norman. Op. Cit. Page 345. [13] The Provisional Government. Op. Cit. (Accessed on 25/05/2012). [14] St. Matthew?s College. Op. Cit. Page 472. [15] Lowe, Norman. Op.Cit. Page 345. ...read more.

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