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To what extent did the Locarno treaties lead to a revision of the Treaty of Versailles?

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Introduction

To what extent did the Locarno treaties lead to a revision of the Treaty of Versailles? The Locarno treaties of 1924 to 1930 to a large extent led to the revision of the Treaty of Versailles; however they were not the sole causes. In the Locarno Era, Germany obtained amendments to the Treaty resulting in her restoration to the status of a great European power. Throughout the essay I will assess how these factors led to the revision of the Treaty of Versailles; Germany's acceptance into the League of Nations, the recommendations of the Young Plan and Rhineland Pact, also the Dawes Plan which took place before the Locarno treaties. To a very significant extent, Germany's acceptance into the League of Nations was her stepping stone to revise the Treaty of Versailles. As Williamson affirmed "Stresemann exploited every opportunity both inside and outside the League to accelerate revision of the Versailles". As part of the Locarno agreements, Germany was admitted to the League of Nations in September 1926. ...read more.

Middle

Originally, Germany requested France for a prompt evacuation of the Rhineland nevertheless France insisted that the matter of Rhineland be linked to that of reparations, thus resulted in the drawing up of the Young Plan. The Young Plan made few but significant revision of the Treaty of Versailles and the Dawes Plan, including setting the timescale for reparation payment to the next 59 years until 1988, reducing the annual payment from 2,500 million marks to 2,000 million marks as stated in the Dawes Plan. Disbursements could increase slowly and from 1929 to 1932 Germany was to pay 1,700 million RM less than it would have under the Dawes Plan. Undoubtedly as Carr asserted, "the central feature of the Locarno agreements was the Rhineland Pact" because it allowed the Rhineland to quicken the evacuation of the Inter-Allied Commission. If Germany agreed to the Young Plan, the French would evacuate the Rhineland by June 1930. Under the Treaty of Versailles the Rhineland was to become demilitarised, act as a buffer between Germany and France and was to be occupied by the Allies until 1935. ...read more.

Conclusion

I believe that it brought both good and bad to Germany. Germany could now enjoy reduced annual payments; the Allies agreed to not occupy German cities in the event of non-payment of debts, be given a substantial loan of 200 million dollars to boost Germany's financial reserves and hence opened way for American investments in Germany. Nonetheless, these benefits came at a price, these payments were secured by the revenues of the German railway and she had to accept a measure of foreign control over its national bank. Moreover a reparations agent was to establish an office in Berlin to oversee the transfer of payments and report to the Allies on German economic and fiscal policies. To an extent the Dawes Plan had caused revisions of the Treaty of Versailles but these alterations were not too significant. To conclude, the Locarno treaties to a large extent brought numerous revisions to the Treaty of Versailles, yet these treaties were not the only and most important causes. I believe that without Germany's acceptance into the League of Nations in 1926, it would virtually be impossible for Germany to enjoy from these favourable alterations of the Treaty of Versailles. ...read more.

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