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To what extent do you agree that the Cultural Revolution was a struggle for control over the future of the Chinese revolution?

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Introduction

To what extent do you agree that the Cultural Revolution was "a struggle for control over the future of the Chinese revolution"? During Mao Zedong's last decade of rule in China a domestic struggle convulsed that nation between 1966 and 1976 that achieved appalling destruction. This period was known as The Cultural Revolution, which followed the failure of the Great Leap Forward. Mao worried about his leadership in China, accepted that repairing the damage of the Great Leap Forward was necessary to prevent China from slipping into revisionism. The movement eradicated once and for all the remnant of bourgeois ideology, which Mao claimed were largely permeating the party and society. Mao was willing to undergo further revolution only just after China had emerged from civil war and famine, as it was a means by which Mao could reassert his authority over China and the Chinese Communist Party. ...read more.

Middle

John Fairbank discusses the motives behind the Red Guard movement where he claims "In any case his [Mao] personal motive was to regain control of the CCP by bringing his own like-minded followers into power." Thus, the youth were utilized as a way of ensuring continual revolution and upholding of Communist ideologies, which essentially facilitated Mao in recovering power lost in The Great Leap Forward. Secondly, the Cultural Revolution was contained within an atmosphere of paranoia, particularly within the CCP. Mao believed that CCP and government officials were already being persuaded by capitalism and a desire for personal power that robbed them of their revolutionary purpose. Consequently, as had happened during the Stalinist purges in the USSR in the 1930's revolutionaries were suspect to expulsion. The preeminent example of this was the 'cleansing the class ranks' campaign, which was launched by the Central Cultural Revolution Group in 1968. ...read more.

Conclusion

As a result of the opposing viewpoints Deng and Liu were both formally dismissed from their position in the CCP on the grounds that they had assumed 'a bourgeois reactionary line'. The two men were denounced by the Chinese public and along with their families were treated brutally. Therefore, when Deng and Liu made challenges as to the future of the Chinese Revolution, Mao immediately suppressed their authority in order to maintain his own political authority. Conclusively, the Cultural Revolution was a struggle for control over the future of the Chinese revolution, as substantiated by Mao's relentless attempts to maintain power. When members of the CCP and government officials generated minor challenges. Mao was swift to respond with party purges and immediate suppression. Moreover, Mao himself secured the future of China by indoctrinating the youth on his ideological beliefs as evident in the Red Guard Movement. Therefore, the actions of Mao throughout the course of The Cultural Revolution highlight the endeavours made for the control of China's future. Elizabeth Hadjia 1 ...read more.

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