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To what extent must Germany, England, France, Japan or the US bear the responsibility for the fact that the peace of 1918 crumbles 1939?

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History Essay Nicholas Larsen 3.u To what extent must Germany, England, France, Japan or the US bear the responsibility for the fact that the peace of 1918 crumbles 1939? The treaty of Versailles was signed in June 1919; the signatures came from represents from all the ally forces, most notably France, Britain and the US. This treaty was the most noticeable of the many signed to prevent Germany to start a new war and keep peace all over the world. We all know that a war came twenty years later, and it was officially started by Germany, but were they the only participants to blame for World War two? Had the allies already declare war on Germany in 1919 during the peace treaties? Having lost the war Germany was responsible for paying a penalty fine to the nations that had won against her. The winning nations, the allies, all met up in Versailles trying to agree upon what consequences Germany had to suffer for having invaded neighbouring nations, mainly France, and costing the allies many casualties and resources. "The Big Three" (France, Britain and the US) ...read more.


This meant that many Germans had now become minorities outside the empire. As if losing 13% of its territory was not bad enough, they also had their colonies stripped from them. To maintain world security and economic growth, the allies created The League Of Nations, which was a promising way to create a "world-police" keeping all nations in order and ensuring that all nations kept to their deal of the peace treaties (mainly Germany). Although the intentions were good, the US questioned its effectiveness and legitimacy. This lead to that the US did not join, which crippled the League of Nations respect and authority, because they were missing the largest and most influential participation of them all; The United States of America. American president, Wilson Woodrow, was not interested in including the US in the European affairs, so this was the first step of America's isolationism. The Americans enjoyed living independent from the other nations, they only had a say in a few factors in Europe. The economy was healthy, and they were all optimistic from the gains and wealth of the "Bull Market", until October 29, 1929, when stocks crashed for four days straight. ...read more.


This might have stopped Hitler in thinking that he could rebuild the Empire, since he would have to break some the rules while doing so, risking that the League of Nations would strike down on him. "The Big Three" are all responsible for the long-term causes of the Second World War, by declaring an unofficial war against Germany already in 1919. They could have won this "war" by cooperating, but they were weak because of the lack of teamwork, and weakened even more by the Great Depression. Although Wilson Woodrow wanted the US out of European affairs, he predicted this: "With absolute certainty that within another generation there will be another world war if the nations of the world do not concert the method by which to prevent it."3 He was right. History Essay To what extent must Germany, England, France, Japan or the US bear the responsibility for the fact that the peace of 1918 crumbles 1939? Nicholas Larsen 3.u Word count: 1688 1"Heavenly Twins" (Sumner and Cunliffe) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heavenly_Twins_(Sumner_and_Cunliffe) 2 Article 231 of the Treaty of Versailles : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Article_231_of_the_Treaty_of_Versailles 3 Wilson Woodrow: Appeal for Support of the League of Nations ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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