• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent must Germany, England, France, Japan or the US bear the responsibility for the fact that the peace of 1918 crumbles 1939?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Essay Nicholas Larsen 3.u To what extent must Germany, England, France, Japan or the US bear the responsibility for the fact that the peace of 1918 crumbles 1939? The treaty of Versailles was signed in June 1919; the signatures came from represents from all the ally forces, most notably France, Britain and the US. This treaty was the most noticeable of the many signed to prevent Germany to start a new war and keep peace all over the world. We all know that a war came twenty years later, and it was officially started by Germany, but were they the only participants to blame for World War two? Had the allies already declare war on Germany in 1919 during the peace treaties? Having lost the war Germany was responsible for paying a penalty fine to the nations that had won against her. The winning nations, the allies, all met up in Versailles trying to agree upon what consequences Germany had to suffer for having invaded neighbouring nations, mainly France, and costing the allies many casualties and resources. "The Big Three" (France, Britain and the US) ...read more.

Middle

This meant that many Germans had now become minorities outside the empire. As if losing 13% of its territory was not bad enough, they also had their colonies stripped from them. To maintain world security and economic growth, the allies created The League Of Nations, which was a promising way to create a "world-police" keeping all nations in order and ensuring that all nations kept to their deal of the peace treaties (mainly Germany). Although the intentions were good, the US questioned its effectiveness and legitimacy. This lead to that the US did not join, which crippled the League of Nations respect and authority, because they were missing the largest and most influential participation of them all; The United States of America. American president, Wilson Woodrow, was not interested in including the US in the European affairs, so this was the first step of America's isolationism. The Americans enjoyed living independent from the other nations, they only had a say in a few factors in Europe. The economy was healthy, and they were all optimistic from the gains and wealth of the "Bull Market", until October 29, 1929, when stocks crashed for four days straight. ...read more.

Conclusion

This might have stopped Hitler in thinking that he could rebuild the Empire, since he would have to break some the rules while doing so, risking that the League of Nations would strike down on him. "The Big Three" are all responsible for the long-term causes of the Second World War, by declaring an unofficial war against Germany already in 1919. They could have won this "war" by cooperating, but they were weak because of the lack of teamwork, and weakened even more by the Great Depression. Although Wilson Woodrow wanted the US out of European affairs, he predicted this: "With absolute certainty that within another generation there will be another world war if the nations of the world do not concert the method by which to prevent it."3 He was right. History Essay To what extent must Germany, England, France, Japan or the US bear the responsibility for the fact that the peace of 1918 crumbles 1939? Nicholas Larsen 3.u Word count: 1688 1"Heavenly Twins" (Sumner and Cunliffe) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heavenly_Twins_(Sumner_and_Cunliffe) 2 Article 231 of the Treaty of Versailles : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Article_231_of_the_Treaty_of_Versailles 3 Wilson Woodrow: Appeal for Support of the League of Nations ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Assess the impact of the Treaty of Versailles on Germany, 1919-1930.

    Whereas France had been bruised, bled white and partly destroyed, and spend much of her energies simply in reconstituting her economy, Germany had only to reconvert hers." * Germany was also solely held responsible for all reparations. This was more as an act revenge for the French because they had

  2. Internal Assessment - How effective were the policies implemented by the U.S. during the ...

    Analysis The US occupation of Japan during the years 1945 to 1952 was a change as abrupt as the Meiji Restoration, completely dismantling and reconstructing the political system of Japan. With Douglas MacArthur as the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers (SCAP), the U.S.

  1. Nazi Germany

    production were the same as before the war - reparations were being paid and exports were on the increase - big risk - US loans could stop hurriedly - The economic winners in G. were big businesses which controlled about 1/2 of Germany's indust.

  2. hrough an analysis of the consequences of the treaty of Versailles, it is made ...

    Furthermore, the Rhineland, which was a strip of land sandwich between French and German territory, became a demilitarised zone. More humiliating was the destruction of the German army with its Chief of Staff dissolved, its army limited to 100.000 men, its submarines and air force destroyed and its navy put under the administration of the League of Nations.

  1. Extended Essay - The Role of a UN-Secretary General to Achieve World Peace: The ...

    All this time, Kennedy was convinced that U Thant would bring light to the problem; ?U Thant is supposedly arranging for the Russians to stay out. So we have to let some hours to by??[21] Therefore, he immediately agreed to U Thant?s second appeal.

  2. To What Extent was the Treaty of Versailles a fair treaty that could keep ...

    The book?s value includes that it covers many of the events happening during WWI, in-deep look of the Treaty itself as well as the view of different historians. It provides knowledge from different people and historian?s view to avoid any biased information.

  1. To what extent was Germany responsible for the outbreak of war in Europe in ...

    The Four Year plan, which had four ?priorities? or aims ? the increase of agricultural production, retraining key sectors of the work force, government regulation of imports and exports and achieving self sufficiency in production of raw materials ? focused largely on rearmament and autarky.

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    The Jewish settlements were established in 30% of the WB to prevent its return to the Palestinians. - The short term goals were to achieve a greater level of Palestinian self-reliance and unity of purpose. Schlaim: "The aims of the intifada were not stated at the outset; they emerged in the course of the struggle.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work