• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent was Germany responsible for the outbreak of war in Europe in 1939?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐SHARON ADEWUSI 12I To what extent was Germany responsible for the outbreak of war in Europe in 1939? Following the invasion of Poland by Germany on 1st September, Britain and France formally declared war on Germany 2 days later. Although war was declared by Britain and France, the plans, policies and actions of Hitler in the road to war could be blamed for the outbreak of war, making Germany, to some extent, responsible for causing WWII. Hitler?s policies came as a clear retaliation to the Treaty of Versailles, signed in 1919. As mentioned in his book ?Mein Kampf? Hitler laid out his foreign policy aims which were: the destruction of the Treaty, Lebensraum (living space), unification of all German speaking people in the ?Third Reich? and creation of a racially pure German state that would become the most dominant power in Europe and later the World. The first 3 aims, directly violated the terms of the treaty as Hitler intended to rearm and expand through lost territory. It is clear that Hitler sought to expansion into Eastern Europe in order to unite all German speakers. Historian, Richard Overy states that Hitler had planned for a large scale war to begin during the mid 1940s rather than 1939. ...read more.

Middle

In 1934, Hitler ordered for and began the rearmament of Germany. By 1936, conscription had been reintroduced; Germany had come to an agreement with Britain that allowed Germany a fleet 35% the size of that of Britain (Anglo German Naval Agreement 1935); the Rhineland had been militarised ? all actions in direct violation of the armament terms of the treaty, and unopposed by Britain and France, with Britain assisting the violation in the case of the Anglo Naval Agreement. Hitler broke another term of the Treaty in 1938 by forming the Anschluss (union) with Austria, in accordance to his policy and aim of uniting all German speakers into a Greater Germany. Hitler?s violations of the terms could be seen as aggressive and indicators of his preparation for war, however although he was openly violating and reversing the terms of the Treaty, neither Britain nor France took any action as they had opted for a policy of appeasement. It could be argued that the policy of appeasement played a large role in causing war, or at least allowing Hitler to get Germany to the point where she was now a threat to the rest of Europe. ...read more.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Germany was responsible for the outbreak of war in 1939 to an extent, but cannot be held solely responsible. Hitler?s aims and policies such as lebensraum and remilitarisation posed a great threat on the other powers in Europe, especially Poland. From the Hossbach memorandum and four year plan, it is clear to see that Hitler intended for war, but the declaration of war by Britain and France in 1939 was premature to what he had expected. However, though Hitler had planned for war, he did not necessarily cause it. The policy of appeasement played a great role in escalating the road to war. The inaction of Britain and France allowed Hitler to do as he wished and gave him the confidence that he would be able to invade Poland unopposed. Britain and France could have prevented the war or delayed it by stopping Hitler from violating the terms of the treaty of Versailles. It could also be argued that the Treaty held great significance in causing the outbreak of war. AJP Taylor argues that the treaty did nothing to crush the expansionist ambitions of Germany, which Hitler pursued in his policies and actions that eventually led to the declaration of war. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. History Investigation - Hitler

    Hitler came to power, there's still a lot of stuff written about what to discuss to ensure a good grade concerning this topic, yet it only gives headings rather than detailed information. D. Analysis The importance of this investigation regarding to historical context is that Hitler becoming dictator of Germany is crucial to what began the Second World War.

  2. To what extent did ideology play a role in helping Hitler come to power ...

    stabilized and even relations between Germany and the Allied improved due to the steady reparation payments. During this so-called "Golden Period" German economy flourished; that was until the disastrous Wall Street crash in 1929. The Depression forced USA to cut off the Dawes Plan and stop all exports and imports.

  1. Neville Chamberlain and Appeasement

    The Sudetenland, the western area of Czechoslovakia, also proved to be of great interest to Hitler. Knowing that the area contained a majority of Germans, three million to be precise, and that the Czech defenses were concentrated in the region, it proved very valuable to Germany, and Hitler therefore appealed to Chamberlain.

  2. Assess the impact of the Treaty of Versailles on Germany, 1919-1930.

    * Of course the chancellor resigns. Stresemann will replace him. * The French and British failed to understand that placing such harsh punishment on Germany would only make the concept of peace less existent. Or maybe they knew but they just didn't support the cause. OHH!

  1. Wars frequently begin ten years before the first shot is fired. To what extent ...

    Bismarck successfully created a situation in which Italy and Austria-Hungary would be attracted to ally with Germany and from this militarism, the 2 opposing alliances emerged- The Triple alliance and the Franco-Russian alliance. This rival alliance system sparked off a short-term arms race.

  2. To what extent was Germany responsible for WWI?

    France had a military plan known as Plan XVII which involved an attack decisively and robustly on the eastern frontier, regaining at once the honour of the French army and the territories of Alsace and Lorraine. Nationalism in France was strong as opinion in France supported the return of Alsace-Lorraine

  1. To what extent did the Treaty of Versailles reflect the original aims of the ...

    Many of Britain?s original aims were reflected in the Treaty of Versailles. Firstly, the British were intent on the destruction of the German Navy in order to ensure the security of the British Navy. While the German fleet had effectively been destroyed by the end of the war, this aim

  2. To what extent did the Munich Conference contribute to the outbreak of World War ...

    ?Hitler had promised British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain and the German people that the Sudetenland would be his "last territorial demand" in Europe.? (The History Place) 2.2) The Munich Conference In order to maintain the world peace and prevent an upcoming war, Neville Chamberlain decided to give Hitler what he wanted.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work