• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent was Germanys defeat in WW1 due to the Allies strengths and successes?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent was Germany's defeat in WW1 due to the Allies' strengths and successes? Germany's defeat at the hands of the Allies in WW1 lies more so in the failures of the German armed forces than the strengths and successes of the Allies. Historians have linked two key causes, the miscalculations of German strategies and failed battle tactics, as well as the greater strength of the Allied forces and their multiple successes as the reasons for Germany's defeat. Of the two, Germany's countless mistakes hold a far greater responsibility for it's own defeat, as it allowed the Allies to have the upper hand too many times. Had Germany been more prompt and successful on the battlefield, it is quite possible that they could have held off the more numerous forces of the Allied militaries whilst engaging them on fewer fronts. The total amount of troops available to Allied forces during World War One was in excess of forty-two million mobilized personnel and was undoubtedly a definite factor in the defeat of Germany. ...read more.

Middle

captured quickly, effectively cutting off the Western approach to Germany and allowing for troop turn overs to defend the Eastern Front from the advancing Russian Forces. Instead, Germany did not get the quick victory they desired and now faced war on multiple fronts. Theyhad become tied down in a stalemate with French forces, allowing the Allies the opportunity to take advantage of the situation. As a result of German delay in Belgium, the rapid mobilization of Russian troops had far more reaching effects than would have been possible. Invading East Prussia, the Tsar's forces were initially successful against the Austrian forces and would prove to be troublesome for the German army, who had to continually rescue their far weaker Austrian ally. This drew resources from the critical fighting that continued in the West and allowed for exploitation of German forces by Allied troops.Germany's choice of weak allies therefore provided the Allied forces with further leverage against the German forces. German defeat in WW1 was more due to desire to make the failed Schlieffen Plan work rather than the success of the Allies. ...read more.

Conclusion

providing Allied forces with the crucial reinforcement of more than four million fresh troops and millions of dollars in resources that saw them revived, fuelling the advance to the Hindenburg Line pressuring the Germans in to a hasty defeat. German naval strategy therefore backfired, allowing the Allies to again seize the upper hand and use their more numerous forces to full effectiveness counter-attacking Ludendorff's Peace Offensive, which saw German forces overstretched and forced them back to the Hindenburg Line a second time. The Allies evident strength and more numerous successes over the German forces in World War Onewere a pivotal factor in the defeat of Germany yet could have proved meaningless if they lacked the tactical advantages yielded to them by the incessant miscalculations and strategic failures of the German armed forces. The defeat of Germany in World War One is therefore primarily the result of German failure to fulfill the strategic objectives outlined in the Schlieffen Plan, further exaggerated by a bad choice of allies and tactical miscalculations inherent to their lack of back up plans. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Causes of WW1

    Germany also tried to take places such as Morocco from France. This greatly angered France as Morocco was one of their major colonies. All of this fighting for land, mainly in Africa caused much tension between rival powers in Europe.

  2. Why did Germany & Her Allies Lose WW1?

    possible due to the growing power of Russia and issued Austria a "blank cheque" as a result, The "September Program" of German Chancellor Bethmann Hollweg showed that Germany always had annexationist aims and the Junker class of Germany who felt under threat from socialism were keen to unite the nation with a military victory.

  1. Civil War Prompt

    Meanwhile, states in the North, because they shared the same ideology about slavery, increased their loyalty to their Northen region. Another effect that intensified sectionalism in the U.S. even more would be "Bleeding Kansas" which included a series of events that occurred right after Kansas separated from Nebraska and became its own territory.

  2. World War 1 Information

    war militarily and technologically > By 1916, Russia is deep in crisis, heavy casualties > Rumors that Alexandria is giving information to Germany and that Rasputin is her lover > December 1916, Rasputin is killed > By 1917, Russian will to fight is gone > March 1917 fighting in Petrograd (St.

  1. Discuss the successes and failures of Henry I as king of England

    the royal estates and fined those who had failed in their duties, this gave �11,000 to the royal income. Royal government in the provinces till depended very much on the sheriffs. He was concerned that the Sheriffs did not become too powerful so Henry I replaced Sheriffs.

  2. Evaluate the successes and failures of one ruler of a single-party state

    The switch to a policy contradicting the original that had been put forth by Trotsky also helped in Stalin's discrediting of Trotsky, in conjunction with various other forms of propaganda. On the other hand, the same could be said for negative externalities that resulted from Stalin's 'productivity', the argument being

  1. IB Extended Essay - How where the Conquistadors able to defeat the Incan and ...

    on the Inca Empire if they could not possibly reach every village? Spanish settlers did not even have to come into contact with the Inca people directly to spread their diseases. Inca soldiers used the road system frequently to either fight or communicate with other settlements.

  2. Compare and Contrast the Democratic Successes and Failures of Andrew Jackson and Nelson Mandela

    presidency due to his defiance of other governmental bodies and, once again, his stubbornness to pursue what he saw best for himself, the presidency, and the nation despite the opposition of other institutions. Jackson disregarded the Constitution in favor of what he interpreted the people as wanting, reiterating problems from

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work