• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent was Israeli foreign policy from 1949 to 1967 only reactive?

Extracts from this document...


To what extent was Israeli foreign policy from 1949-1967 only reactive? In 1949 Israel and the surrounding Arab countries started negotiating armistices after the 1948 war, or the war of independence as the Israelis named it. In the time between this armistice and the ceasefires ending the Six Day War in 1967 Israeli foreign police went from being reactive developing into a more and more active policy. During the 1948 war around 550-600,000 Arabs fled from Israel (Gilbert, page 47). Around 280.000 of those into The West Bank and became refugees. The following years the refugees made guerilla forces called the fedayeen. The fedayeen groups attacked Israel during the night with the aim of harvesting fields, reunited with family, or to make sabotage. October 14th 1953 Ben Gurion reacted to the fadeyeen attacks with the Quibya raid where 69 people were killed including kids and women. The raid was very aggressive and it was denounced by the US, but it was still part of the reactive foreign policy in Israel, it was a reaction to the continuing fadeyeen raids. ...read more.


(Shulze, page 25) And Nasser did get MiGs. Nasser also decided to nationalize the Suez Canal and to close the strait of Tiran which left Israel with no connection to the red sea. So instead of negotiating the closure of the strait and because of Gurion being outraged about the Czech arms deal Israel decides to engage in the Sevres protocol with France and Britain. France who thought that Egypt was aiding the rebels in the French occupied Algeria wanted to remove Nasser from his powerful position in Egypt. Britain and Anthony Eden wanted Nasser removed because of the nationalization of the Suez Canal and because of Eden's interpretation of Nasser being the new Hitler. Ben Gurion with his aggressive approach had won over the diplomatic Sharett and he agreed to participate in the Sevres protocol. Therefore Israel attacked Egypt October 29th 1956. This action could be seen as a reaction to the Czech arms deal and the closure of Tiran but it was a preemptive attack, and it was Israel who took military in use. ...read more.


The fact that Nasser only asked for partial withdrawal confirms this. Israel chose to interpret this as an act of war and they launched their preemptive attack June 5th1967. This was a very active move and it confirms that Israeli Foreign policy was not reactive. Israel attached so they would not be the ones attacked, so they were not the ones who had to react. Israel's foreign policy started out being reactive with the Quibya and Gaza raid, but as she realized how powerful a military she had the foreign policy became more active with the Lavon affair and the Sevres Protocol. The foreign policy was more reactive than the Egyptian with all the fedayeen raids, but it is wrong to describe it as only reactive. The Sevres Protocol is a really good example of how active the foreign policy was - Israel engaged in covert operations and preemptive attacks. Also during the Six Day War Israel had a very active foreign policy. She attacked first and showed off her military superiority and in this way developed her foreign policy to a more active than reactive one. ?? ?? ?? ?? Emilie S´┐Żnderup History HL October 10th ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. US History Review Sheet -Black Power, Eisenhower's foreign policy and the Battle of Gettysburg

    - White people have their own problems that they need to solve (no need to work together because they had different problems to deal with) - 1966 the black panther movement was started by Bobby Seale and Huery Newton. - The party composed a list of goals, not only for

  2. Effects of Nasser on Egyptian Society

    This explains why Nasser saw the Land Reform as the act that gave his Revolution Command Council (RCC) identity and transformed his coup to a revolution. The Land reform had of course a big impact on the Society, as the rich upper class of major land owners did not exist anymore and so the simple farmer obtained more power.

  1. Bismarcks diplomatic policy

    Following the death of the childless King Frederick of Denmark and ruler of the Duchies of Schleswig and Holstein, in November 1863, there was a great deal of unrest over his heir. Christian of Glucksburg was the stated heir, but the government of Holstein refused to follow him and instead the son of the Prince of Augustenburg claimed the Duchies.

  2. To what extent was the advent of the Cold War an outcome of Stalin(TM)s ...

    Too often Stalin, as an aggressive dictator, was blamed for the deterioration in East-West relation and eventually the advent of the Cold War. Stalin's policies, in particular, were accused of upsetting the Alliance by defying mutual agreements, such as the Atlantic Charter of 14th August 1941.

  1. British Foreign Policy Failures in the Palestine Mandate

    of self-interest and at first contained little regard for the concerns of the Arabs and the Jews except how can they be exploited to benefit Great Britain.3 However, before analyzing and evaluating Great Britain's foreign policies towards Palestine, the Arab and Jewish claims to the area must first be explored briefly.

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Impossible to be neutral, civilians had to be for or against one side or the other; this was mostly determined by which side controlled the area they were in. 3. Many were taken hostage and there were mass executions on both sides.

  1. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    1977 May Begin and the Likud coalition win the Israeli elections November Sadat makes historical visit to Israel, calling for peace. 1978 March Israel attacks Lebanon in retaliation to a PLO attack (which killed 34 Israeli's), killed 1000 people and left 200,000 homeless September 17 Camp David Peace Agreement 1979 March 26 Egyptian-Israeli Peace Treaty signed in Washington DC.

  2. Khrushchevs foreign policy was only a continuation of what had gone before. Explain

    Here we can see he is cooperating with capitalists, which he should not be doing just like Stalin did. Stalin cooperated with Britain and U.S.A before the WWII to gain some allies to protect Russia, and was also working with non-marxists states.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work