• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent was Israeli foreign policy from 1949 to 1967 only reactive?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent was Israeli foreign policy from 1949-1967 only reactive? In 1949 Israel and the surrounding Arab countries started negotiating armistices after the 1948 war, or the war of independence as the Israelis named it. In the time between this armistice and the ceasefires ending the Six Day War in 1967 Israeli foreign police went from being reactive developing into a more and more active policy. During the 1948 war around 550-600,000 Arabs fled from Israel (Gilbert, page 47). Around 280.000 of those into The West Bank and became refugees. The following years the refugees made guerilla forces called the fedayeen. The fedayeen groups attacked Israel during the night with the aim of harvesting fields, reunited with family, or to make sabotage. October 14th 1953 Ben Gurion reacted to the fadeyeen attacks with the Quibya raid where 69 people were killed including kids and women. The raid was very aggressive and it was denounced by the US, but it was still part of the reactive foreign policy in Israel, it was a reaction to the continuing fadeyeen raids. ...read more.

Middle

(Shulze, page 25) And Nasser did get MiGs. Nasser also decided to nationalize the Suez Canal and to close the strait of Tiran which left Israel with no connection to the red sea. So instead of negotiating the closure of the strait and because of Gurion being outraged about the Czech arms deal Israel decides to engage in the Sevres protocol with France and Britain. France who thought that Egypt was aiding the rebels in the French occupied Algeria wanted to remove Nasser from his powerful position in Egypt. Britain and Anthony Eden wanted Nasser removed because of the nationalization of the Suez Canal and because of Eden's interpretation of Nasser being the new Hitler. Ben Gurion with his aggressive approach had won over the diplomatic Sharett and he agreed to participate in the Sevres protocol. Therefore Israel attacked Egypt October 29th 1956. This action could be seen as a reaction to the Czech arms deal and the closure of Tiran but it was a preemptive attack, and it was Israel who took military in use. ...read more.

Conclusion

The fact that Nasser only asked for partial withdrawal confirms this. Israel chose to interpret this as an act of war and they launched their preemptive attack June 5th1967. This was a very active move and it confirms that Israeli Foreign policy was not reactive. Israel attached so they would not be the ones attacked, so they were not the ones who had to react. Israel's foreign policy started out being reactive with the Quibya and Gaza raid, but as she realized how powerful a military she had the foreign policy became more active with the Lavon affair and the Sevres Protocol. The foreign policy was more reactive than the Egyptian with all the fedayeen raids, but it is wrong to describe it as only reactive. The Sevres Protocol is a really good example of how active the foreign policy was - Israel engaged in covert operations and preemptive attacks. Also during the Six Day War Israel had a very active foreign policy. She attacked first and showed off her military superiority and in this way developed her foreign policy to a more active than reactive one. ?? ?? ?? ?? Emilie S´┐Żnderup History HL October 10th ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. To what extent can Mussolini(TM)s foreign policy be described as a failure?

    The result was that Albania eventually became a satellite state of Italy. Another one of the more victorious of Mussolini's conquests was Ethiopia. He had been having his eye on the African nation for some time now. Besides, a foreign war, according to historian Mark Robson, was 'needed to capture

  2. To what extent did Skanderbegs diplomatic and military skills prevent the Ottomans from taking ...

    He was then connected with the Arianiti family, through Angelina, who already had a good relationship with the Byzantine imperial family, who had one of the strongest armies and also put forth soldiers for Skanderbeg to lead. Jelena and Vlajka provided Skanderbeg connections with the Musachi family, who had an

  1. US History Review Sheet -Black Power, Eisenhower's foreign policy and the Battle of Gettysburg

    - White people have their own problems that they need to solve (no need to work together because they had different problems to deal with) - 1966 the black panther movement was started by Bobby Seale and Huery Newton. - The party composed a list of goals, not only for

  2. To what extent were the British culpable for the sinking of the Lusitania on ...

    After extensive searches on the Internet, no other information on Simpson could be found, though many other prestigious historians refer to him in their works. Simpson's purpose for writing this book was to advance his assertion that Churchill purposely instigated and enabled Germany to sink the Lusitania in order to bring America into the war on the Allied side19.

  1. To what extent is there validity to Ilan Pappes argument that the Palestinians were ...

    Looking back in history we can see that it was a very complicated issue with the Jews on one side already being refugees from Europe and then having the Palestinians being thrown out of their own homeland. But were they actually thrown out is the real question and this essay

  2. Comparing Ancient Civilisations - Mesopotamia and Egypt

    Change did, however, occur in some key areas. Egypt was long fairly isolated, which helped preserve continuity. The invasions of Egypt by Palestine toward the end of the Old Kingdom period (about 2200 B.C.) were distinct exceptions to Egypt's usual self-containment.

  1. Khrushchevs foreign policy was only a continuation of what had gone before. Explain

    Here we can see he is cooperating with capitalists, which he should not be doing just like Stalin did. Stalin cooperated with Britain and U.S.A before the WWII to gain some allies to protect Russia, and was also working with non-marxists states.

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    worldwide state of alert of US forces 24 The US alert is dropped following agreement between Moscow and Washington. Israel is forced to allow supplies to reach the Third Army and to allow UN troops in. The USA is keen to lower tension in the area and thus forces Israel to compromise.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work