• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent were Stalins economic policies successful up to 1940?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

IB SL World History To what extent were Stalin?s economic policies successful up to 1940? During Stalin?s rule of the Soviet Union between 1922 until his death, he went through a number of challenges. Such issues were economical, political and social problems that were left unsolved for Stalin after Lenin?s death. Lenin tried to fix the economic problems of the Soviet Union by applying the NEP (New Economic Policy), but it caused social discontent that resulted in riots and anti-Communist demonstrations.[1] Although such riots and opposition were crushed and shot down by the Red Army, it showed that there were numerous amounts of people who were against the Communist government, even after the number of reforms. The NEP did solve the Soviet Union?s short term problems, but wasn?t able to solve the larger problems of agriculture and industry.[2] The key economic problem that Stalin was forced to resolve from Lenin was the system of industry and agriculture. Stalin?s idea to solve the economic problems which the Soviet Union had, was to force the country into a ?period of rapid industrialization?.[3] In order to start this boom of industrialization, capital was required to buy necessary equipment, such as machinery. Since it was unlikely to make loans from capitalist countries in the west, the ?only alternative?[4] was to sell grain. Stalin needed to make reforms in the field of agriculture, because it was inefficient and primitive. ...read more.

Middle

These were cities that just had factories after factories. The famous Magnitogorsk contained the largest steel plant in the Soviet Union because it was close to rich iron-ore deposits in the Urals, near Siberia. It also became the symbol of the industrial economic growth of the Soviet Union, since it lead the Soviet Union in manufacturing steel.[17] Stalin himself was proud to tell his people that the First Five Year Plan ended in four years. The Second Five Year Plan took place between 1933 and 1938, right after the end of the First Five Year Plan. This time, Stalin and the Communist government took more of a realistic approach, and set less ambitious quotas for factories across the nation.[18] Lower production figures were set, so industrial production went smoother than the previous Five Year Plan. Impressive increases in the manufacture of machinery allowed Stalin to achieve the goal of making the Soviet Union a self-sufficient nation. Although production of oil and textile industry decreased, other fields of industry increased its production. By 1940, the Soviet Union advanced to a state, to be seen as a rival to western nations, and were able to ?overtake Europe?s major industrial powers.?[19] For example, in 1928, only 34 million tons of coal were excavated in the Soviet Union, but by the end of the Second Five Year Plan in 1938, 130 million tons were processed. ...read more.

Conclusion

London: Hodder Murray, 2008. Print. [15] Evans, David, David Evans, and Jane Jenkins. Years of Russia, the USSR and the Collapse of Soviet Communism. London: Hodder Murray, 2008. Print. [16] Evans, David, David Evans, and Jane Jenkins. Years of Russia, the USSR and the Collapse of Soviet Communism. London: Hodder Murray, 2008. Print. [17] "Five-Year Plan." Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6Th Edition (2011): 1. MAS Ultra - School Edition. Web. 4 Dec. 2011. [18] "Five-Year Plan." Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6Th Edition (2011): 1. MAS Ultra - School Edition. Web. 4 Dec. 2011. [19] Evans, David, David Evans, and Jane Jenkins. Years of Russia, the USSR and the Collapse of Soviet Communism. London: Hodder Murray, 2008. Print. [20] Evans, David, David Evans, and Jane Jenkins. Years of Russia, the USSR and the Collapse of Soviet Communism. London: Hodder Murray, 2008. Print. [21] Field, A. J. "Stalin's Economic Policy - Success or Failure? - Interactive Diagram - Www.SchoolHistory.co.uk." SchoolHistory.co.uk - Online History Lessons, Revision, Games, Worksheets, Quizzes and Links. UNITEDHOSTING, 2 May 2004. Web. 04 Dec. 2011. <http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/lessons/russia/stalins_economic.shtml>. [22] Field, A. J. "Stalin's Economic Policy - Success or Failure? - Interactive Diagram - Www.SchoolHistory.co.uk." SchoolHistory.co.uk - Online History Lessons, Revision, Games, Worksheets, Quizzes and Links. UNITEDHOSTING, 2 May 2004. Web. 04 Dec. 2011. <http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/lessons/russia/stalins_economic.shtml>. [23] Evans, David, David Evans, and Jane Jenkins. Years of Russia, the USSR and the Collapse of Soviet Communism. London: Hodder Murray, 2008. Print. [24] Evans, David, David Evans, and Jane Jenkins. Years of Russia, the USSR and the Collapse of Soviet Communism. London: Hodder Murray, 2008. Print. [25] ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. To what extent was Stalin's rise to power due to his opponents' mistakes?

    If Trotsky had been there, the Russian population would have looked at him as Lenin's right hand man instead of Stalin. The weather circumstances of 1927 and '28 also benefited him positively. The bad weather had led to poor harvests and a general scarcity of food in Russia (Simpson).

  2. To What Extent Was Stalin's Regime Based On Terror

    his industrial work, notably when building huge projects such as the Dneiper Dam, the Magnitogorsk power station or the Belomor Canal.

  1. Bismarck's policies success

    Bismarck prevented the export of horses, giving the illusion that he was keeping them in case they were needed for war. France took this opportunity to inform Britain and Russia of what was going on. They both greatly disapproved of the idea of Germany going into war with France.

  2. Interwar Years: 1919-39

    * It was agreed that Germany should enter the League of Nations, which it did with a permanent seat on the Council in September 1926. Results * The Locarno Pact did little more than confirm the Treaty of Versailles. The 'guarantee' provided by Britain and Italy remained very ill defined

  1. To what extent should the success of Stalin in the leadership struggle between 1924-1930 ...

    * 1927; all three were removed from party16. 4. The Fall of the Right * 1927 grain crisis (good season with little grain bought) - party attacked grain hoarders. o "article 107" made grain hoarding a crime17. * Bucharin, Tomsky and Rykov argued NEP continue for many years.

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Large increase in foreign investment 200m rubles in1890 900m in 1900. 2. Industrial output advanced overall 400% growth 1890-1910 (esp. heavy ind) 3. Development of railways Witte saw it as a way of improving communication and stimulating industrial demand for goods and services to build it.

  1. History questions on Soviet Russia and its relations with the rest of the World.

    What has happened to democracy, national self-determination, and the individual since the invention of more sophisticated weapons? Do you agree or disagree w/Orwell?s conclusions? Why? As stated above in the last question, more sophisticated weapons have only been made for the state and for industrialized countries, and I do agree with this.

  2. To what extent were Deng Xiaopings Four Modernizations successful?

    It still proved successful as steel production rose from twenty-one million tones in 1976 to fifty-million tons in 1986.3 The modernization of the military and science/technology were closely linked as the Chinese military were definitely behind on modern warfare weaponry which rendered their army almost useless compared to the United States? army.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work