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To what extent were Stalins economic policies successful up to 1940?

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Introduction

IB SL World History To what extent were Stalin?s economic policies successful up to 1940? During Stalin?s rule of the Soviet Union between 1922 until his death, he went through a number of challenges. Such issues were economical, political and social problems that were left unsolved for Stalin after Lenin?s death. Lenin tried to fix the economic problems of the Soviet Union by applying the NEP (New Economic Policy), but it caused social discontent that resulted in riots and anti-Communist demonstrations.[1] Although such riots and opposition were crushed and shot down by the Red Army, it showed that there were numerous amounts of people who were against the Communist government, even after the number of reforms. The NEP did solve the Soviet Union?s short term problems, but wasn?t able to solve the larger problems of agriculture and industry.[2] The key economic problem that Stalin was forced to resolve from Lenin was the system of industry and agriculture. Stalin?s idea to solve the economic problems which the Soviet Union had, was to force the country into a ?period of rapid industrialization?.[3] In order to start this boom of industrialization, capital was required to buy necessary equipment, such as machinery. Since it was unlikely to make loans from capitalist countries in the west, the ?only alternative?[4] was to sell grain. Stalin needed to make reforms in the field of agriculture, because it was inefficient and primitive. ...read more.

Middle

These were cities that just had factories after factories. The famous Magnitogorsk contained the largest steel plant in the Soviet Union because it was close to rich iron-ore deposits in the Urals, near Siberia. It also became the symbol of the industrial economic growth of the Soviet Union, since it lead the Soviet Union in manufacturing steel.[17] Stalin himself was proud to tell his people that the First Five Year Plan ended in four years. The Second Five Year Plan took place between 1933 and 1938, right after the end of the First Five Year Plan. This time, Stalin and the Communist government took more of a realistic approach, and set less ambitious quotas for factories across the nation.[18] Lower production figures were set, so industrial production went smoother than the previous Five Year Plan. Impressive increases in the manufacture of machinery allowed Stalin to achieve the goal of making the Soviet Union a self-sufficient nation. Although production of oil and textile industry decreased, other fields of industry increased its production. By 1940, the Soviet Union advanced to a state, to be seen as a rival to western nations, and were able to ?overtake Europe?s major industrial powers.?[19] For example, in 1928, only 34 million tons of coal were excavated in the Soviet Union, but by the end of the Second Five Year Plan in 1938, 130 million tons were processed. ...read more.

Conclusion

London: Hodder Murray, 2008. Print. [15] Evans, David, David Evans, and Jane Jenkins. Years of Russia, the USSR and the Collapse of Soviet Communism. London: Hodder Murray, 2008. Print. [16] Evans, David, David Evans, and Jane Jenkins. Years of Russia, the USSR and the Collapse of Soviet Communism. London: Hodder Murray, 2008. Print. [17] "Five-Year Plan." Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6Th Edition (2011): 1. MAS Ultra - School Edition. Web. 4 Dec. 2011. [18] "Five-Year Plan." Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6Th Edition (2011): 1. MAS Ultra - School Edition. Web. 4 Dec. 2011. [19] Evans, David, David Evans, and Jane Jenkins. Years of Russia, the USSR and the Collapse of Soviet Communism. London: Hodder Murray, 2008. Print. [20] Evans, David, David Evans, and Jane Jenkins. Years of Russia, the USSR and the Collapse of Soviet Communism. London: Hodder Murray, 2008. Print. [21] Field, A. J. "Stalin's Economic Policy - Success or Failure? - Interactive Diagram - Www.SchoolHistory.co.uk." SchoolHistory.co.uk - Online History Lessons, Revision, Games, Worksheets, Quizzes and Links. UNITEDHOSTING, 2 May 2004. Web. 04 Dec. 2011. <http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/lessons/russia/stalins_economic.shtml>. [22] Field, A. J. "Stalin's Economic Policy - Success or Failure? - Interactive Diagram - Www.SchoolHistory.co.uk." SchoolHistory.co.uk - Online History Lessons, Revision, Games, Worksheets, Quizzes and Links. UNITEDHOSTING, 2 May 2004. Web. 04 Dec. 2011. <http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/lessons/russia/stalins_economic.shtml>. [23] Evans, David, David Evans, and Jane Jenkins. Years of Russia, the USSR and the Collapse of Soviet Communism. London: Hodder Murray, 2008. Print. [24] Evans, David, David Evans, and Jane Jenkins. Years of Russia, the USSR and the Collapse of Soviet Communism. London: Hodder Murray, 2008. Print. [25] ...read more.

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