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US and the Vietnam War

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Introduction

The American's defeat in the Vietnam War Why couldn't the United States of America succeed in the Vietnam War? By: Chia Ni Wu Word Count: 2564 Table of Contents Table of Contents.........................................................................................................2 A. Plan of the Investigation.......................................................................................3 B. Summary of Evidence.............................................................................................4 C. Evaluation of Sources............................................................................................6 D. Analysis...................................................................................................................7 E. Conclusion...............................................................................................................10 F. List of Sources.........................................................................................................11 A. Plan of Investigation The focus of the study is on the reasons why couldn't the United States succeed in the Vietnam War (1959-1975). This study focuses towards the end of the Vietnam War, where after thirteen years of war, United States was surprised by the fact that, how could such a developed nation with all the military power, not win in a war against an undeveloped nation? During this study, a general reading on the basic concepts of the war will be done, leading to knowledge on the role of US and its involvement in the Vietnam War. Furthermore, the public and media influence will also be studied, as well as the actions taken by both opponents and in specifically, the political situations in Vietnam and the tactics used by the Vietcong will also be studied thoroughly. I will be looking at different information regarding to the question through several sources which can be influenced by the purpose and the aim of the author. With an evaluation on a reference book based on the Vietnam War, and a webpage based on the tactics used by the Vietcong, I will then analyze the reasons why the United States could not win in the ...read more.

Middle

Brigham provides information based on the North Vietnamese's tactics and strategies used during the war. The purpose of this source is to inform the public about the ways North Vietnamese fought the war which results in the US not being able to win the war, leading to a solution of withdrawal. The values of this internet webpage lie on the fact that it is easily understood, and allows the readers to compare these tactics to the US tactics as well as keeping the question of why US could not win the war in mind. In addition, due to the fact that Rober K. Brigham is an expert in the study of the Vietnam War and has published many books and essays regarding to the topic, one can as well assume that his essays and studies are widely read, acknowledged and accepted. This webpage is also limited because it is a brief overview of the North Vietnamese's tactics - it does not give detailed information that are necessary in understanding each tactic thoroughly. Furthermore, as this webpage was written by an American author, his American background might as well bias his discussion of the North Vietnamese's tactics as he tries to emphasize the cruelty of these tactics by implying how the American's were treated and the number of deaths. D. Analysis The Vietnam War (1959-1975) was the America's longest war and yet, the United States was defeated. As the United States was against communism, South Vietnam was a center where they could control the spread of communism in Southeast Asia. ...read more.

Conclusion

(Wiest 86) The Vietnam War was "the longest war in American history and the most unpopular American war of the twentieth century. It resulted in nearly 60,000 American deaths and an estimated 2 million Vietnamese deaths."(The History Place) Although the Vietnam War ended many years ago, but "even today, many Americans still ask whether the American effort in Vietnam was a sin, a blunder, a necessary war, or a noble cause, or an idealistic effort to protect the South Vietnamese from totalitarian government."(Learn History) F. List of Sources Barringer, Mark. "The Anti-War Movement in the United States." Modern American Poetry. 21 Jan. 2009 <http://www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/vietnam/antiwar.html>. " Guerilla Tactics." Battlefield: Vietnam. 21 Jan. 2009 <http://www.pbs.org/battlefieldvietnam/guerrilla/index.html>. Roush, Gary. "Statistics about the Vietnam War." History.com. 21 Jan. 2009 <http://www.vhfcn.org/stat.html>. "The Vietnam War 1965-1968." The History Place. 1999. 21 Jan. 2009 <http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/vietnam/index-1965.html>. "Vietnam War Revision." Learn History. 21 Jan. 2009 <http://www.learnhistory.org.uk/vietnam/usdefeat.htm>. "Wars and Battles, Vietnam War ." Ho Chi Minh Trail. 21 Jan. 2009 <http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1875.html>. Wiest, Andrew. Essential Histories: War and Conflict in Modern Times The Vietnam War. New York:Rosen, 2002. Print. Young, John. Interview. Essential Histories: War and Conflict in Modern Times The Vietnam War. By Andrew Wiest. New York: Rosen, 2002 . 59. Print. Summers JR., Harry G. Historical Atlas of the Vietnam War. New York: Swanston, 1995 Simkin, John. "Vietnam War Overview." Spartacus Educational. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2009. McLaughlin, Eric. "Television Coverage of the Vietnam War and the Vietnam Veteran." War Bird Forum. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Nov. 2009. <http://www.warbirdforum.com/media.htm>. 11 ...read more.

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