• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

US History. Causes for the Declaration of War Against Spain in 1898

Extracts from this document...


Katya Abelsky Bunch IB HOA/ Period 7 7 September 2010 Causes for the Declaration of War Against Spain in 1898 " 'The position of Spain being thus made known, and the demands of the United States being denied, with a complete rupture of intercourse, by the act of Spain, I have been constrained [...] I now recommend the adoption of a joint resolution declaring that a state of war exists between the United States of America and the Kingdom of Spain, ' " (American). First and foremost this letter, written by President William Mckinley, marked birth of the Spanish- American War; a war that would later prove to be largely decisive to the future of the United States. This letter, however, was also an embodiment of the overwhelming influences of Yellow Journalism, the sinking of the Maine, and the Cuban Revolution had on the American population. ...read more.


William McKinley realized that by assisting the Cuban citizens, the United States could restore its attempts at trade expansion and that by defeating Spain the United States could achieve greater power through out the Pacific Ocean. These incentives paved the way for American involvement in the Spanish- Cuban struggle of the 19th century. Yellow Journalism- a term used to define the act of sensationalizing stories for entertainment purposes- is one of the most recognizable causes of the Spanish- American War. At the hand of American Journalists, the Spanish, such as General Weyler, were illustrated as evil and immoral. From about 1895 to 1898, stories -most of which were falsified- arose which continued to paint the actions of the Spanish in Cuba as cruel and unethical. At the head of the Yellow Press were William R. ...read more.


Despite the lack of evidence, the Yellow Press immediately directed their readers to blame the Spanish with headlines such as Hearst's "The Warship Maine Was Split In Two By An Enemy's Secret Infernal Machine!'' . The conflict in Cuba had captured America's full attention, and "Remember the Maine, To hell with Spain" echoed throughout the United States. The Cuban Revolution of 1895, the influence of the Yellow Press, and the sinking of the USS Maine were noteworthy events in history; each of these circumstances were incentives for American involvement in the Cuban struggle for independence. In 1898, American involvement escalated as President McKinley declared war against Spain. The United States, driven by Yellow Journalism, would face turmoil, casualties, but eventually an overwhelming success. All things considered, involvement in the Spanish- American War would succeed in sculpting the United States into the respected power it is today. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Castro's Cuba

    Castro took great control over the media when the struggle against Batista appeared. Especially after the failure of this movement, it in fact gave Castro ''national prestige'' and the media made Castro seem as an important man who will play a great role in Cuba's history.

  2. George Orwell in the Spanish Revolution

    As I have mentioned before, it seemed implausible for Anarchists and Socialists to protect bourgeois liberalism with their lives. They had something else in mind. They were collectivizing industries and transports by means of local committees which, in some areas, were even working side by side with the local government.

  1. To what extent was the Spanish American War of 1898 a turning point in ...

    Six days later, the battleship Maine, sent from the USA to Cuba to protect America's interest, was destroyed by a huge explosion. Immediately the American press blamed the Spanish for sabotaging the ship. President McKinley tried to avoid a war - he sent a series of demands to the Spanish,

  2. Source Analysis. This investigation focuses on how Cuba was affected by the U.S. ...

    He stated that he believed the US should lift the trade embargo in order to achieve a more beneficial relationship between the two countries22. Although he believed this, other presidents such as President George H. Bush, enforced the embargo and placed sanctions that hindered Cuban trade23.

  1. the causes and consequences of the spanish civil war

    This was meant to bring about hope and stability to please the Spanish people and to strengthen the Spanish government. However, the new republic immediately faced a number of major problems. The first was the issue of the highly influential Roman Catholic Church that opposed the republic, though the republic

  2. Notes on the Causes of the American Civil War

    By the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848) California and new Mexico were ceded to the USA Wilmot Proviso 1. In 1846- David Wilmot, a Northern Democrat proposed that slavery be excluded from any territory from the Mexican War. 2.

  1. Analyse the causes of the Spanish Civil War

    The Catholic Church was rich and powerful, even after long disputes, it also had control over education. The Church, over time, had used its wealth to gain not only social influence but political as well. The key role it played was its support of conservatism, meaning that it defended and encouraged the upper classes, leaving the poor full of resentment.

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Merging of rural and urban lifestyles, common for peasants to work outside the village from 20 to 40 and then retire to their land allotments and families. Social effects 1. Increase in import duties and indirect taxes reduced already low standards of living after 1891 famine (1.5m dead). 2.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work