• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

US History essays -Urban Growth and Civil War Reconstruction

Extracts from this document...


Yusuf Fateen Part A: 1) Urbanization: Growth of cities, mostly in the regions of the Northeast and the Midwest Americanization Movement: Designed to assimilate people of wide-ranging cultures into the dominant culture. Tenements: Multi-family Urban Dwellings Mass Transit: Transportation systems designed to move large numbers of people along fixed routes. Social Gospel Movement: An early reform program that preached salvation through service to the poor. Settlement Houses: Community centers in slum neighborhoods that provided assistance to people in the area, especially immigrants. 2) Housing: P: Working class families can either buy a house on the outskirts of town and face transportation problems, or rent camped rooms. Due to over population, tenements were created, yet they were overcrowded and unsanitary. R: In 1879, New York City passed a law that set minimum standards of plumbing and ventilation in apartments. Air shafts were created and major issues attempter to be resolved. - Transportation: P: Workers cannot go to their jobs due to transportation issues. R: Mass transit is created to move people in large masses. Street cars were introduced and electric subway systems were created. - Water: P: Cities could not provide safe drinking water. ...read more.


The reconstruction resolved issues from a very general perspective, rather than resolve each issue individually and create amendments specific to the problem. Some of the major issues addressed were partially resolved (such as the voting rights of slaves), while other remained untouched. The overall outcome of the Reconstruction can be considered both a failure and a success. Due to the poor African American representation and the horrible living conditions of former slaves, the life black people were full of hardships. To address this issue, the government made some major political changes, including changes in the constitution. For the first time in the history of America, slavery was to be abolished, and with it came the rights of freed African American slaves. The most prominent successes of the reconstruction were the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendment, each of which contributed to the rights of African Americans/Slaves. The 13th amendment abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, which in itself, is a major success for America as a whole. Though this occurred prior to the Reconstruction, the 13th amendment was vital to the reconstruction politically and socially, for it was the core amendment that created blacks as semi-equal. ...read more.


The south was virtually nonexistent economically. Thaddeus Stevens, a republican leader and one of the most powerful men in the House of Representatives, fought for slave rights. His main concern was the economic opportunity for slaves. Yet with the circumstances given, jobs were impossible to find, regardless of race. With the constant failing railroad schemes and the enormous cost of the Confederate war, a high toll was taken on the South's economic infrastructure. The economy was in a depression. The reconstruction, though it did not resolve the political, economic, and social failures thrown upon the North and the South, it does not directly correlate with the outcome shown in history. The Reconstruction is perceived as a time of fixation that failed, when in reality, it put America in the right direction. The basic set of values and amendments pushed forth during this reconstructive era though they it may seem descent from a third person perspective, it could not suffice at the time. The reconstruction, though it failed to transform the southern economy and end racial segregation, was a step in the right direction. The laws enforced were not to blame, rather the people. The social stances that had been built on white supremacy resulted in the slowing of racial equality and the failure of the reconstruction. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. How did the American anticommunism beliefs help advance the civil rights movement in the ...

    Soviet Support for Civil Rights During the Cold War, the U.S. instilled the Red Scare propaganda that fueled fear towards communism infiltration and unlawful suspicion on black citizens in the U.S and the USSR. In contrast, the Soviet Union used American racism as propaganda to persuade countries, to side

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Political offenders get special treatment NEP 1921-1928 Background 1. Konstadt mutiny was brutally suppressed but was a blow since it had been seen as a Bolshevik stronghold since the July Days. 2. Lenin said the mutiny ?illuminated reality like a flash of lightning? and explained that a temporary policy would

  1. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    the Soviet historians Dawisha and Dawisha state, the primary goal was to secure the USSR's southern borders and act in the national interest before aiding 'national liberation movements'. Economic - Oil has always been a significant reason for the continued interest of international powers in the region, and after the policy of d�tente, this became primary.

  2. How successful was Reconstruction following the American Civil War?

    The anger between these groups was demonstrated in more than one way. Hate groups were formed, and many southern whites utilized their ability to restrict the rights of the freedmen. Medgar Evers was a black man who was working towards the gain of civil rights for African Americans.

  1. Extended Essay History: How did the US media reporting of the Vietnam War out ...

    Vietcong getting stronger, in fact after the Tet Offensive the Vietcong were notably weaker, but rather US reporters becoming more scrutinizing with respect to US victories. It appears as if prior to the Tet Offensive the US media was more willing to give the US military the benefit of the

  2. Notes on the Causes of the American Civil War

    Failing to pass senate the proviso did not become law 9. Southerner?s warned that they had every right to take their property wherever they went 10. John Calhoun from South Carolina warned that they would secede if the Northern majority did not recognise the Southern minority and their rights.

  1. 20th Century History Revision Notes

    League of Nations -An association of many countries (1919-46) formed to promote peace and cooperation among nations. -Had no power since U.S (large nation) did not join; France, Britain Canada gave little support since they were in depression. -Succeeded in Finland-Sweden dispute & Greece-Bulgaria Concentration Camps -A camp where persons (as prisoners of war, political prisoners, or refugees)

  2. The History and Development of the American Dream

    of the traditional manifest destiny and so the actual meaning of the phrase was thrown aboard by American imperialism in 1899 Americans at the time where of the opinion that they had to ?educate? and ?christianize? those ?uncivilized? Filipinos. But the Filipinos resisted and out broke the Phillipine-American war In

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work