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US History essays -Urban Growth and Civil War Reconstruction

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Yusuf Fateen Part A: 1) Urbanization: Growth of cities, mostly in the regions of the Northeast and the Midwest Americanization Movement: Designed to assimilate people of wide-ranging cultures into the dominant culture. Tenements: Multi-family Urban Dwellings Mass Transit: Transportation systems designed to move large numbers of people along fixed routes. Social Gospel Movement: An early reform program that preached salvation through service to the poor. Settlement Houses: Community centers in slum neighborhoods that provided assistance to people in the area, especially immigrants. 2) Housing: P: Working class families can either buy a house on the outskirts of town and face transportation problems, or rent camped rooms. Due to over population, tenements were created, yet they were overcrowded and unsanitary. R: In 1879, New York City passed a law that set minimum standards of plumbing and ventilation in apartments. Air shafts were created and major issues attempter to be resolved. - Transportation: P: Workers cannot go to their jobs due to transportation issues. R: Mass transit is created to move people in large masses. Street cars were introduced and electric subway systems were created. - Water: P: Cities could not provide safe drinking water. ...read more.


The reconstruction resolved issues from a very general perspective, rather than resolve each issue individually and create amendments specific to the problem. Some of the major issues addressed were partially resolved (such as the voting rights of slaves), while other remained untouched. The overall outcome of the Reconstruction can be considered both a failure and a success. Due to the poor African American representation and the horrible living conditions of former slaves, the life black people were full of hardships. To address this issue, the government made some major political changes, including changes in the constitution. For the first time in the history of America, slavery was to be abolished, and with it came the rights of freed African American slaves. The most prominent successes of the reconstruction were the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendment, each of which contributed to the rights of African Americans/Slaves. The 13th amendment abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, which in itself, is a major success for America as a whole. Though this occurred prior to the Reconstruction, the 13th amendment was vital to the reconstruction politically and socially, for it was the core amendment that created blacks as semi-equal. ...read more.


The south was virtually nonexistent economically. Thaddeus Stevens, a republican leader and one of the most powerful men in the House of Representatives, fought for slave rights. His main concern was the economic opportunity for slaves. Yet with the circumstances given, jobs were impossible to find, regardless of race. With the constant failing railroad schemes and the enormous cost of the Confederate war, a high toll was taken on the South's economic infrastructure. The economy was in a depression. The reconstruction, though it did not resolve the political, economic, and social failures thrown upon the North and the South, it does not directly correlate with the outcome shown in history. The Reconstruction is perceived as a time of fixation that failed, when in reality, it put America in the right direction. The basic set of values and amendments pushed forth during this reconstructive era though they it may seem descent from a third person perspective, it could not suffice at the time. The reconstruction, though it failed to transform the southern economy and end racial segregation, was a step in the right direction. The laws enforced were not to blame, rather the people. The social stances that had been built on white supremacy resulted in the slowing of racial equality and the failure of the reconstruction. ...read more.

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