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US History -notes on the changes in religion

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Introduction

Samuel Kim Period 5 AP U.S November 5, 2012 Chapter 15: The Ferment of Reform and Culture 1. Reviving Religion 1. Three fourth of the 23 million Americans still went to church in 1850. 2. Deism was based on reason rather than the bible. 1. Believed in Supreme Being who made the universe and set it in motion. 2. Jefferson, Franklin, and Paine were deists. 1. Unitarian faith inspired by deism. 1. Believed God existed in 1 person, not in the orthodox trinity. 2. People were born good, salvation through good works. 1. Christians fought back by the Second Great Awakening (1800). 1. Similar to the first; it was movement that converted souls, encouraged evangelicalism, and caused to start other movements: prison reform, temperance cause, women?s movement, and the crusade to abolish slavery. 2. Methodists and Baptists stressed personal conversion, democracy, and emotionalism. 2. Denominational Diversity 1. Western New York called ?Burned-Over District? due to sermonizers preaching ?hellfire and damnation?. 2. Millerites (Adventists), named after William Miller, believed Christ will return on October 22, 1844. 3. Awakening widened the gap between classes and regions. ...read more.

Middle

1. Neal S. Dow sponsored the Main Law of 1851 which prohibited the manufacture and sale of liquor. Other states in North followed. 8. Women in Revolt 1. American women faced better treatment than Europeans, where rape was punished only lightly. 2. Ten percent of adult women remained ?splinters?, which meant they didn?t marry at all. 3. Men and women separated into distinct economic roles. 1. Women were emotionally and spiritually weaker than men, but also artistic and refined. 1. They were to teach the young how to be good and productive citizens of the Republic, 1. Men were strong but rude, often barbaric, needed to be guided by their wife or otherwise turn into a beast. 1. Women had life in home, nowhere else. Also called the ?cult of domesticity.? 2. The Seneca Falls Women?s Rights Convention in 1848 in New York wrote a ?Declaration of Sentiments? 1. Argued that ?all men and women are created equal? and sought for equality. 9. Wilderness Utopias 1. Reformers built various ?utopias?. 2. Robert Owen founded in 1825 New Harmony, Indiana which sought for ?communitarian? nature but failed quite miserably. 3. Brook Farm in Massachusetts in 1841 which was well off at first but collapsed in debt. ...read more.

Conclusion

2. John Greenleaf Whittier?s poems famous for being against inhumanity, injustice, and intolerance. 3. James Russell Lowell was a political satirist against wrong. 4. Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes wrote ?The Last Leaf? to honor the Boston Tea Party. 5. There were also women writers. 1. Louisa May Alcott wrote Little Women . 2. Emily Dickinson wrote nearly two thousand poems before she died. 1. William Gillmroe Simms wrote about southern life during the American Revolution. 15. Literary Individualists and Dissenters 1. Edgar Allen Poe was famous for his genre, horror and thrill. His well-known works are ?The Raven,? ?The Fall of the House of Usher,? and more. 2. Two other writers reflected on their puritan belief with original sin. 1. Nathaniel Hawthorne?s book The Scarlet Letter is about a lady who committed a sin of adultery and therefore had to wear a scarlet letter for life. 2. Herman Melville?s Moby Dick, a story on good and evil, was unpopular and Melville wrote unprofitably. 1. Moby Dick was gained popularity only after during the twentieth century. 16. Portrayers of the Past 1. George Bancroft helped found the Naval Academy in Annapolis in 1845 and received the title of "Father of American History." 2. William H. Prescott wrote histories on the conquests of Mexico and Peru. ...read more.

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