• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

US History Review Sheet -Black Power, Eisenhower's foreign policy and the Battle of Gettysburg

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

21. Assess the aims and impacts of the black panthers between 1966 and the 1970s - Build up to the idea of Black Power: - In 1965, a white Norther man, named Reverend James Reeb, was shot and killed in Alabama. - James Reeb was a Northern civil rights activist who was killed by a white segregationist - The murder was being lamented all over the country (by white people mainly), and was even being talked about in newspapers and broadcasting - News of the attack provoked a national outcry -- Most blacks were angry that the white death was getting a large amount of attention -- Stokely Carmichael said "movement was playing into the hands of racism" --death caused a problem in the movement because white death was getting more publicity than the movement itself was. - The idea of black power started to form (Stokely Carmichael founded the idea) - Basics of Black Power: - White people can't truly understand or relate to the black experience. Whites can have sympathy towards the movement, but never empathy. - Full expression of opinions and ideas can only happen without whites. Free from oppression. - Whites are paternalistic. They think that they know what is best for black people. Whites are praising themselves, thinking that they are doing their part in the movement just by supporting it. ...read more.

Middle

19. In what ways did the foreign policy of the United States change during the Eisenhower administration? - Eisenhower was elected on the idea that he would do a better job with the cold war. - When elected, Eisenhower had to question how he would go about winning the cold war without military expansion. - Eisenhower turned to the CIA / Development of nuclear weaponry / Brinkmanship. WHAT THE CIA DID: - had foreign leaders on its payroll --> foreign leaders would make policies that were beneficial to the USA. - Financially supporting anti-communist labor unions, newspapers and political parties overseas. - Hired US journalists and academics to make contact with foreign student leaders. - Co-opt business executives who worked overseas to report back on economic circumstances and vulnerabilities. - American propaganda through use of radio and newspapers overseas. - training foreign military officers in counterrevolutionary methods. - conducted covert operations to overthrow regimes hostile to the United States. CIA IN GUATEMALA (under Eisenhower): - shift in US foreign policy --> using the CIA more - In 1950 Jacabo Arbenz was elected president, with communist allies. - Arbenz sought to modernize Guatemalan society. - Monolithic Communism --> Communism always coming from Russia. - Arbenz's nationalization --> government was going to take the land over but pay the US what the land was worth. (United Fruit didn't want to give up land --> they lost money when Arbenz nationalized. ...read more.

Conclusion

- The battle of Gettysburg would decide whether or not France and Britain would intervene in the war, and help the South. - During the battle, both sides lost thousands of soldiers, with the South losing nearly ? of their men. - It was clear by the outcome of the war (with the South with more casualties and deaths) that France and Britain would not intervene in the war. - The Southern morale plummeted. - The battle of Gettysburg determined that the South had slim chances of winning the war because of their drop in morale and loss of soldiers. Also because Britain and France wouldn't support them, mainly because they weren't convinced that the South could actually win the war. - Because of the lack of faith from overseas in the South, it was essentially determined that the South would not win the war. - The South appears wear during and after the battle. After the battle the South retreats back to Virginia with the plans to hold a Confederate victory on Northern soil defeated. - The Northern victory at Gettysburg was also significant in giving Abraham Lincoln the power and confidence that would help him in forming his plan of Total War. - Total war was the idea that all parts of the country would contribute to the war. - The idea of total war was recognized by the Union as an effort to completely destroy the South. The purpose of this tactic was to eliminate food and supplies that were vital to Southern soldiers -- and to decrease Southern Morale. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. How did the American anticommunism beliefs help advance the civil rights movement in the ...

    In 1963, the SCLC marched into Birmingham to show, internationally, the unequal treatment of blacks. It became a televised event once city officials came in with police dogs and fire hoses to discourage the campaign. This campaign led to international support of the civil rights movement, especially from the USSR, paying subsidies to media forms that advocated civil rights.

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    6. Poor health from town living and long hours. 1897 life expectancy of 32. 7. Whole families worked in factories and children?s care and education were neglected. Religion 1. 1883 dissenters (except skoptsky) allowed to have passports, engage in commercial and industrial activities, hold meetings in homes and minor office.

  1. Explain the USAs policy of containment. How successful was this in Korea, Vietnam and ...

    spread communism and therefore it could be seen as a success as it would make USSR more reluctant to take control over more countries. Another country which USA used its policy of containment with was Vietnam. After the Second World War the Japanese occupied Vietnam, however since Vietnam had been

  2. What were the Aims and Achievements of Stalins Foreign Policy between 1928 and 1941?

    However, the 1939 Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact was a very different settlement to previous Russo-German agreements. According to Service, ?if there was ever proof that Stalin was willing to take risks, the Nazi-Soviet Pact provided it?; however, it was more the fact that Stalin had no other alliance to pursue after

  1. Notes on the history of Communist China

    economic Soviet model introduced 1. work was to be centered on the planned, systematic rehabilitation and development of heavy industry defined as mining and the prodn of steel, iron, electrical power, machinery, and chemicals 2. in the first months the main focus had to be on practical tasks of restrining

  2. Extended Essay - The Role of a UN-Secretary General to Achieve World Peace: The ...

    ? So, I think it is acceptable for him to be awarded the title ?Maha Thray Sithu,? by the Burmese government in 1961, and also the ?Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding,? by the Indian government in 1965. He lived up to these titles when he demonstrated his strenuous efforts

  1. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    ready to challenge Israel because of its growing arsenal supplied by the US. Thus the Palestine Arab League boycott on the goods produced by Jewish firms in Palestine since the birth of Israel intensified. - The Israeli view is that in 1948 the Jews were merely reclaiming their traditional homeland

  2. The History and Development of the American Dream

    The same can be said about all the previous works on this topic. The other authors believed this particular concept describes something very contemporary. They regarded the Dream as a social phenomenon only. However, it can be viewed as an iceberg: we see only a small part of it, all the important is hidden in human memory under remote ages.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work