• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

US History. To what extent were the aims of Reconstruction achieved by 1877?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐History Essay Reconstruction ________________ To what extent were the aims of Reconstruction achieved by 1877? ________________ This essay will analyze to what extent were the aims of Reconstruction achieved by 1877 in the United States. The Civil war took place from the year 1861 to 1865; it was a long and difficult struggle between the North and the South. There were differences between the North and the South which created political arguments between the sectors like for example the serious differences caused by the use of slavery in the south, and States ?rights. Although the North beat the South economically, as the North was more industrialized and its economy was stronger than the South?s economy which was based on monoculture of cotton, it took 4 years for the North to beat the South. By 1865, the North had won a great victory, the south was crushed and completely defeated, cotton plantations were destroyed, and they had lost all international trade as Britain had found new markets from which to buy cotton, this weakened even more the South. Also the South had seen the defeat of its political beliefs as secession, state?s right and nullification were proved to be false, this made the South even weaker. The civil war finally led to the 1863 Emancipation Proclamation which freed the slaves. ...read more.

Middle

Additionally, one of the most important achievements of reconstruction were the amendments to the United States constitution, the first one was the 14th amendment, this amendment to the constitution established ?the right of all citizens of the United States to equal protection of the laws and defined a US citizen in such a way as to include all Afro-Americans?, In this way, Reconstruction achieved its aims as it included the Afro-Americans as United states citizens meaning that they now had rights and this made them stronger, meaning that they could now be free and strong. Second, another thing that helped reconstruction achieve its aims was the ?extension of the life and powers of the Freedman?s bureau?, this was an institution which tried to do everything they could to ?ease the transition from slavery to freedom for the Southern Whites?, meaning that this institution was very important as it made it easier for this transition to happen, therefore the extension of its powers resulted in a success for Reconstruction, as it was a major help to achieve one of its main aims. Third, the civil rights law, which specified in a more explicit way what, was implicit in the 14th amendment, ?citizen rights were to be enjoyed by all persons born in the United States, not subject to any foreign power, of every race and color, without reference to any previous condition of slavery or involuntary servitude?, this ...read more.

Conclusion

Therefore, yes, on the one hand reconstruction achieved some of its aims. In the economic sphere, the process of reconstruction achieved its aims as? Also un political terms Reconstruction was also a success as the 13th 14th and 15th amendments and the civil rights law were added to the constitution and as a result one of the main aims of Reconstruction was achieved that was abolishing slavery and ensuring that the freedman were not enslaved again. Finally, the social changes brought about by Reconstruction were also positive. The power of the planters was reduced as a result of slavery being abolished, democracy was established, the Afro-Americans were now free and had civil rights and were now receiving education which meant a big success of reconstruction. On the other hand, the process of Reconstruction did not achieve its aims as? Conclusion: the process of reconstruction was therefore a valid attempt to reform Southern society, but one that faced strong opposition from both North and South. Reconstruction did achieve its aims to some extent as it could make the Afro-Americans be acknowledge as citizens of the United States and have civil rights, slavery was abolished by the amendments and the civil rights law. However, while successes were present, numerous failures limited the ability of the Reconstruction program to achieve its aims. For example??????????????? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. How far was Hitler successful in achieving his aims?

    During his rule, Hitler's Gleischaltung policy was introduced. It was the systematic elimination of non-Nazi organisations such as trade unions or other political parties. Any organisations that could not be got rid of were put under the control of Hanns Kerrl who was the Minister of Ecclesiastical Affairs (8).

  2. I.B Internal Assessment- History- Assess the aims and impact of the Black Panthers between ...

    A limitation of this book is that it only considers the Black Panthers in a positive light and does not focus on the negative aspects of the party. Major, Reginald. The Panther is a Black Cat. Baltimore: Black Classic Press, 1971.

  1. Assess the aims of two countries entering the First World War. To what extent ...

    Britain, on the contrary, only had a 147 % increase from 118,000 thousand metric tonnes to 292,000 thousand metric tonnes. Germany also produced more pig iron than Britain in 1910 (14793 vs 10380 thousand metric tonnes.) As you can see, Germany's aim was domination over the other countries.

  2. Exam Prep US History - Nixon's Foreign Policy, Start of US Civil War and ...

    - Replace Allende's top general (mission of the CIA) - Chile had high hopes for Allende's reform (won despite CIA's attempts to prevent his inauguration) - Nationalization of copper (still under US control) -- done to eliminate the poverty in Chile (done by Allende)

  1. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    be adopted because ?Life has exposed our errors?There was a need of a series of transitional stages to communism.? Main features 1. New tax system was introduced at a lower level. 2. New currency introduced.

  2. How successful was Reconstruction following the American Civil War?

    Because there was no money in the south, the former plantation owners would make a deal with the freedmen that if they were to work for them, they would provide the necessary materials, the land, and housing for the slave, and at the end of the year, the former slave and plantation owner would share the crop.

  1. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    I wasn't sure whether this part needed more... there's already heaps of info later on. Terrorism and violence and their impact on Israelis and Palestinian communities Yitzhak Shamir 1977: "Terrorism is just another means of fighting a war" Origins - Terrorism methods primordially emerged from the 1967 War, as the devastating Arab defeat convinced the Palestinians that they

  2. To what extent were the social changes in Germany between 1865 and 1890 the ...

    His aims were to create a modeled, balanced social structure, win the loyalty of the German population and improve the quality of life so as to make possible social cohesion and solidarity. The aim of my essay is to explore how the German unification changed the ratio of different social

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work