• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

US History. To what extent were the aims of Reconstruction achieved by 1877?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐History Essay Reconstruction ________________ To what extent were the aims of Reconstruction achieved by 1877? ________________ This essay will analyze to what extent were the aims of Reconstruction achieved by 1877 in the United States. The Civil war took place from the year 1861 to 1865; it was a long and difficult struggle between the North and the South. There were differences between the North and the South which created political arguments between the sectors like for example the serious differences caused by the use of slavery in the south, and States ?rights. Although the North beat the South economically, as the North was more industrialized and its economy was stronger than the South?s economy which was based on monoculture of cotton, it took 4 years for the North to beat the South. By 1865, the North had won a great victory, the south was crushed and completely defeated, cotton plantations were destroyed, and they had lost all international trade as Britain had found new markets from which to buy cotton, this weakened even more the South. Also the South had seen the defeat of its political beliefs as secession, state?s right and nullification were proved to be false, this made the South even weaker. The civil war finally led to the 1863 Emancipation Proclamation which freed the slaves. ...read more.

Middle

Additionally, one of the most important achievements of reconstruction were the amendments to the United States constitution, the first one was the 14th amendment, this amendment to the constitution established ?the right of all citizens of the United States to equal protection of the laws and defined a US citizen in such a way as to include all Afro-Americans?, In this way, Reconstruction achieved its aims as it included the Afro-Americans as United states citizens meaning that they now had rights and this made them stronger, meaning that they could now be free and strong. Second, another thing that helped reconstruction achieve its aims was the ?extension of the life and powers of the Freedman?s bureau?, this was an institution which tried to do everything they could to ?ease the transition from slavery to freedom for the Southern Whites?, meaning that this institution was very important as it made it easier for this transition to happen, therefore the extension of its powers resulted in a success for Reconstruction, as it was a major help to achieve one of its main aims. Third, the civil rights law, which specified in a more explicit way what, was implicit in the 14th amendment, ?citizen rights were to be enjoyed by all persons born in the United States, not subject to any foreign power, of every race and color, without reference to any previous condition of slavery or involuntary servitude?, this ...read more.

Conclusion

Therefore, yes, on the one hand reconstruction achieved some of its aims. In the economic sphere, the process of reconstruction achieved its aims as? Also un political terms Reconstruction was also a success as the 13th 14th and 15th amendments and the civil rights law were added to the constitution and as a result one of the main aims of Reconstruction was achieved that was abolishing slavery and ensuring that the freedman were not enslaved again. Finally, the social changes brought about by Reconstruction were also positive. The power of the planters was reduced as a result of slavery being abolished, democracy was established, the Afro-Americans were now free and had civil rights and were now receiving education which meant a big success of reconstruction. On the other hand, the process of Reconstruction did not achieve its aims as? Conclusion: the process of reconstruction was therefore a valid attempt to reform Southern society, but one that faced strong opposition from both North and South. Reconstruction did achieve its aims to some extent as it could make the Afro-Americans be acknowledge as citizens of the United States and have civil rights, slavery was abolished by the amendments and the civil rights law. However, while successes were present, numerous failures limited the ability of the Reconstruction program to achieve its aims. For example??????????????? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. How far was Hitler successful in achieving his aims?

    During his rule, Hitler's Gleischaltung policy was introduced. It was the systematic elimination of non-Nazi organisations such as trade unions or other political parties. Any organisations that could not be got rid of were put under the control of Hanns Kerrl who was the Minister of Ecclesiastical Affairs (8).

  2. I.B Internal Assessment- History- Assess the aims and impact of the Black Panthers between ...

    Baltimore: Black Classic Press, 1971. The origin of this books it that it was written by Reginald Major, an active member of the Black Panther Party, and it was published by Black Classic Press in 1971. The purpose of this book is that it provides a unique perspective of the Black Panther Party, and provides and insider's view on how the party was formed.

  1. Assess the aims of two countries entering the First World War. To what extent ...

    Britain, on the contrary, only had a 147 % increase from 118,000 thousand metric tonnes to 292,000 thousand metric tonnes. Germany also produced more pig iron than Britain in 1910 (14793 vs 10380 thousand metric tonnes.) As you can see, Germany's aim was domination over the other countries.

  2. Exam Prep US History - Nixon's Foreign Policy, Start of US Civil War and ...

    - Replace Allende's top general (mission of the CIA) - Chile had high hopes for Allende's reform (won despite CIA's attempts to prevent his inauguration) - Nationalization of copper (still under US control) -- done to eliminate the poverty in Chile (done by Allende)

  1. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Conclusions 1. Pipes believes terror was vital to Bolshevism as without it the Bolsheviks would not have been able to maintain power. He argues that there is no difference between Leninism and Stalinism; the Red Terror was just a warm-up. 2. Essential to maintaining order so the Civil War could be won.

  2. How successful was Reconstruction following the American Civil War?

    Because there was no money in the south, the former plantation owners would make a deal with the freedmen that if they were to work for them, they would provide the necessary materials, the land, and housing for the slave, and at the end of the year, the former slave and plantation owner would share the crop.

  1. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    It came about as a result of the derelict and oppressive living conditions in the territories. Arabs: - Arab hostility was further increased towards Israel following the 1967 War, but it also marked the end of the Pan-Arab dream. - The Arab nations were completely humiliated by the defeat.

  2. To what extent were the social changes in Germany between 1865 and 1890 the ...

    I am interested in displaying how it had a new, complex model of governance and how it solved the two main challenges: the weakness of liberal political forces in their struggle for power and the smoldering social conflict between the ruling classes and the industrial workers.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work