• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

USSR under Stalin

Extracts from this document...


Velyana Borisova Paper 1: The USSR under Stalin, 1924 to 1941 1. a) What do the statistics in Source E on the consumption of foodstuffs and the numbers of livestock, suggest about the lives of peasants between 1928 and 1932? From the statistics in source E it can be seen that the consumption of all main foodstuff as bread, potatoes, meat and butter decreases significantly between 1928 and 1932. The fall in the consumption of all food goods foreshadows that the life of the peasants worsen, they have less for eating which lowers their standards of living. They are required to work intensively for the collectivisation plan but at the same time are consuming less food which suggest bad conditions of living as famine and often death cases due to hunger. The most serious decrease is in the consumption of meat and lard which in 1932 is less than half of the amount in 1928. This fall can be explained by the decrease in the numbers of livestock from 1928 till 1932. When there is less livestock this means that the peasants will consume less meat because there will be less animals to slaughter. Also because they are owned by the state the peasants will not be allowed to kill them for meat so freely. ...read more.


The extract is a reflection of an ordinary young peasant who is a believer in collectivisation and obviously favours Stalin's policy. The value of the source is that it gives an example of a supporter of Stalinism and proves that actually there were people who truly favoured Stalin's rule and it was not because of fear. This source can also expose the success of the Soviet propaganda to portray Bolsheviks values and earn the people's favour towards collectivisation. Also the fact that the peasant is young it reveals that it was easier to propagate the state's ideas to the youngest who have not experienced the time prior the Russian Revolution and have grown with the slogans of the Bolshevik party. The source does not have many limitations as it is a diary which contains reflections and evaluations of a single person and is not aimed to be spread to auditory. Therefore, the content of the extract is reliable and portraits the truth for that time. For example, the peasant says that ''other think differently- and they are the majority'' as they are against collectivisation. It can be concluded that supporters of the collectivisation existed but they were few and can be represented by the diary of this peasant while most of the peasantry was against collectivisation. ...read more.


and obtain capital to develop the industry famine was caused as mentioned in source C. There was high level of misery in the countryside and the consumption of the footstock decreased rapidly between 1928 and 1932 as it can be also seen by Source E. In many areas the peasants stopped their production as a sign of a protest against collectivisation which further deepened the famine. Also many peasants moved to the cities which was also part of Stalin's collectivisation plan and started to work in factories. However, the press all over the country hid the news that there was famine and they were encouraging the peasants to produce as much as possible. The famine between 1932 and 1933 was a manmade famine as it was created by Stalin deliberately in order to crush the peasantry and then unite them in the project of collectivisation. The collectivisation process was really like a ''war on the countryside'' as everyone was trying to survive and escape from the strict regulations and brutality of Stalin. The peasants were attacked by the Party which took their land and could not defend themselves as they were immediately killed or deported in case of resistance. In this situation there was a war between the Party and the nation as collectivisation was imposed over them with all means. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Why was it possible for Stalin to become the leader of the USSR?

    be taken as a solid foundation for the analysis because the death of Lenin and Sverdlov could be potentially beneficial to any of the contenders for leadership not only Stalin and that because Lenin and Sverdlov would die at some point anyhow plus the question being addressed is "why was

  2. Stalin's Collectivization

    All in all, the source portrayed collectivism as a measure in improving economic prosperity within USSR proposed by Stalin. In the second source, it portrays the "Peace in our Time" speech during the Munich Accord in September 1938, where a cheering crowded gathering in support of this highly anticipated event

  1. Compare and contrast the policies of the USA and USSR towards Korea between 1945 ...

    * A United Nations Commission decided to hold an election in Korea, but the communists in North Korea refused to allow it to happen, even if they had to observe another election election in the South in May 1948. Though most Koreans opposed partition, the Republic of Korea was set

  2. Waimar Rebublic - The fall

    times, this obviously was a proof that he wanted a more authoritarian government. His main doings was based on the use of Article 48 (which gives the possibility to rule by decree at a time of national emergecny). 2) The econicm issues The economic issues was not really dealt with by Br´┐Żning.

  1. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    80% of strikes Apr-Oct were wage/hour related. Workers became more organized through Soviets and factory committees, sometimes becoming strong enough to undermine owners? control despite Government approval of dismissing workers and banning committees from meeting during working hours. Class consciousness began to develop.

  2. He brought his country and his people nothing but harm. To what extent do ...

    This was generated by the instability created as workers constantly changed jobs, and indeed the lack of skilled workers became a constant problem and worsened as industrialisation developed further. By 1931, less than 7% of workers had skills relevant to their employment, and by 1933 only 17% of workers had any skills at all.

  1. IB, Paper 1: USSR under Stalin, 1924-1941. Analysis of sources.

    Another contrasting point is that source A says that the General Secretary was set up, this allowed Stalin to place his supporters in power: ?they provided the General Secretary?. In source C it says that ?the party was able to awaken and organise the working masses...to build socialism?.

  2. In what ways and with what results did Stalin modernise the USSR to 1941?

    In practice, the emphasis was on achieving more than the set targets rather than meeting them. Such a system greatly discouraged individual initiative. For example, a factory manager received his targets and commands, and attempted to exceed them and follow orders exactly, in fear of being punished.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work